Do not go gentle into that good night
"Do not go gentle into that good night" is a poem, or more precisely a villanelle, written by Welsh poet Dylan Thomas (1914–1953), considered to be one of his finest works. Originally published in the journal Botteghe Oscure in 1951, it also appeared as part of his 1952 collection In Country Sleep and other poems.
Written for his dying father, it is one of Thomas's most popular and accessible poems. The poem has no title other than its first line, "Do not go gentle into that good night", a line which appears as a refrain throughout. The poem's other equally famous refrain is "Rage, rage against the dying of the light".
Use in popular culture
- The poem was used as the text for the 1954 In Memoriam Dylan Thomas (Dirge-Canons and Song) for tenor and chamber ensemble, by Igor Stravinsky. The piece was written soon after Thomas' death and first performed in 1954.
- The poem was the inspiration for three paintings by Swansea-born painter and print-maker Ceri Richards, in 1954, 1956 and 1965 respectively.
- In 1967 CBS Playhouse aired a teleplay based on the poem that starred Shirley Booth and Lois Smith.
- The poem is recited by the character Thornton Melon, played by Rodney Dangerfield, in the 1986 film Back to School where his English professor has him recite the poem to inspire him to complete an exam.
- The line "Rage against the dying of the light" is spoken by the character Aatrox in the popular online video game League of Legends (2009).
- The first line of the poem is spoken by Princess Bubblegum in the episode "Sky Witch" of Adventure Time.
- The poem is used heavily by the character Professor John Brand, played by Michael Caine, in the 2014 science-fiction film Interstellar.
- It is also referenced in BBC's popular supernatural drama In The Flesh by Kieren's "BDFF" Amy Dyer.
- Ferris, Paul (1989). Dylan Thomas, A Biography. New York: Paragon House. p. 283. ISBN 1-55778-215-6.
- "Dylan Thomas: Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night". BBC WalesArts. 6 November 2008. Retrieved 18 December 2010.
- Keller, Hans (1955). "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas: Strawinsky's Schoenbergian Technique". Tempo (35): 13–20.
- "Ceri Richards: 'Do not go gentle into that good night' 1956". tate.org.uk/. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
- Dangerfield, Rodney; Fields, Greg; Snee, Greg (1986). Back to School. United States: Orion Pictures.
- "Dylan Thomas’ "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night" Performed by John Cale (and Produced by Brian Eno)". Open Culture. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.
- "Dangerous Minds (1995)".
- "IMDB Interstellar (2014) Quote".
- The Life and Work of Dylan Thomas
- National Screen and Sound Archive of Wales
- A short analysis by the BBC
- Read the poem and listen to it read by Dylan Thomas at poets.org