The tactic of drive-by shooting originated when assailants would ride up to their targets on horseback, shoot them with wheellock pistols and then ride off before they could be apprehended, though the modern connotation is that the shooter is in a motor vehicle. Some of the first gun control laws were developed to combat these shootings.
A 2006 study concluded that a full half of all reported drive-by shootings in the United States for that year occurred in California. 
The British military (especially the Special Air Service) used this form of drive-by shooting in its campaigns in North Africa and France during the Second World War. Columns of heavily armed jeeps, bristling with machine guns, would drive past and sometimes through enemy positions, usually airfields and supply depots, shooting at military targets.
- Kirk, Arthur. "Half of Drive-by Shootings Occur in California". Yahoo! Voices. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
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