Eastern European Group

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The Eastern European Group in 2012, with the years each member spent in the United Nations Security Council, including former members represented as outlines
A map showing from which countries from the Eastern European Group has there been elected a President of the United Nations General Assembly as of September 2012.

The Eastern European Group (EEG), also known as Countries with Economies in Transition (CEIT), is one of the five unofficial Regional Groups in the United Nations that act as voting blocs and negotiation forums. Regional voting blocs were formed in 1961 to encourage voting to various UN bodies from regional groups. The group consists of countries in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus, which form the area of the former Eastern Bloc. Europe is divided between the EEG and the Western European and Others Group. The group currently has 23 members.

History[edit]

Prior to the creation of the Regional Groups in 1966, the UNSC had an Eastern European and Asian Seat, that was taken between 1946 and 1966 by countries from Eastern Europe (including Greece and Turkey, members of the modern Western European and Others Group (WEOG)) and Asia (members of the modern Asian Group). The Eastern European Group exists since 1966. It has changed significantly due to the dissolution of some of its members. These dissolutions are those of the Soviet Union (1991), Yugoslavia (1991-2006), and Czechoslovakia (1993). Also, through the reunification of Germany, the Eastern European Group lost East Germany as its member. All the countries created in Europe stayed in the bloc, and the Central Asian post-Soviet states joined the Asian Group.

Members[edit]

Historical members[edit]

Representation[edit]

The Eastern European Group has two seats in the United Nations Security Council (UNSC); the permanent seat of Russia, and one elected seat, currently held by Azerbaijan.[2] The Group further has 6 seats on the United Nations Economic and Social Council and 6 seats on the United Nations Human Rights Council. It is also eligible for having its nationals elected as President of the United Nations General Assembly in years ending with 2 and 7; most recently, Vuk Jeremić of Serbia was elected to this position in June 2012 and is the current office holder.

Timeline of membership[edit]

As the Eastern European Group changed significantly over time, the number of its members had also changed.

Years Number of members Notes
1966-1973 10 The Eastern Bloc; Ukraine (as Ukrainian SSR) and Belarus (as Byelorussian SSR) were members on their own right (see here)
1973-1990 11 with the German Democratic Republic
1990 10 Reunification of Germany
1991 13 Independence of the Baltic states
1992 20 Dissolution of the Soviet Union, Breakup of Yugoslavia
1993-2006 22 Dissolution of Czechoslovakia, Independence of the Republic of Macedonia
2006–present 23 Independent Montenegro

References[edit]

  1. ^ Referred to by the United Nations as "The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia"
  2. ^ CNN Wire Staff (2011-10-25). "Azerbaijan gets UN Security Council seat". CNN.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02.