Temporal range: 84–0Ma Campanian to Present
|Bramble shark, Echinorhinus brucus|
T. N. Gill, 1862
|The distribution of the two Echinorhinus species|
Echinorhinus is a genus of Echinorhiniform sharks, and the only extant genus in the family Echinorhinidae. The name is from Greek echinos meaning "spiny" and rhinos meaning "nose". Both species are uncommon, little-known sharks. They are found worldwide in cold temperate to tropical seas down to 900 m (3,000 ft) depth.
This genus includes two extant species characterized by a short nose, rough spiny dermal denticles, no anal fin, and two small spineless dorsal fins. Both species are relatively large sharks, at 3.1 to 4.0 m (10.2 to 13.1 ft) in body length. They feed on smaller fish, and on crabs and cephalopods. They are ovoviviparous, with the mother retaining the egg-cases inside her body until they hatch.
- Echinorhinus brucus Bonnaterre, 1788 (Bramble shark)
- Echinorhinus cookei Pietschmann, 1928 (Prickly shark)
- Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2009). "Echinorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2009 version.
- "Echinorhinus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 4 May 2006.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Echinorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). Species of Echinorhinus in FishBase. January 2006 version.
- FAO Species Catalogue Volume 4 Parts 1 and 2 Sharks of the World