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Temporal range: 84–0Ma[1]
Campanian to Present
Echinorhinus brucus.jpg
Bramble shark, Echinorhinus brucus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Subclass: Elasmobranchii
Superorder: Selachimorpha
Order: Echinorhiniformes
Family: Echinorhinidae
T. N. Gill, 1862
Genus: Echinorhinus
Blainville, 1816
Echinorhinus species distmaps.svg
The distribution of the two Echinorhinus species

Echinorhinus is a genus of Echinorhiniform sharks, and the only extant genus in the family Echinorhinidae. The name is from Greek echinos meaning "spiny" and rhinos meaning "nose". Both species are uncommon, little-known sharks. They are found worldwide in cold temperate to tropical seas down to 900 m (3,000 ft) depth.[2]

This genus includes two extant species characterized by a short nose, rough spiny dermal denticles, no anal fin, and two small spineless dorsal fins. Both species are relatively large sharks, at 3.1 to 4.0 m (10.2 to 13.1 ft) in body length. They feed on smaller fish, and on crabs and cephalopods. They are ovoviviparous, with the mother retaining the egg-cases inside her body until they hatch.[2]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2009). "Echinorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2009 version.