Temporal range: 84–0Ma Campanian to Present
|Bramble shark, Echinorhinus brucus|
T. N. Gill, 1862
|The distribution of the two Echinorhinus species|
Echinorhinus is a genus of squaliform sharks, the only extant genus in the family Echinorhinidae. The name is from Greek echinos meaning "spiny" and rhinos meaning "nose". Both species are uncommon, little known sharks. They are found worldwide in cold temperate to tropical seas down to 900 metres (3,000 ft) depth.
This genus includes two extant species characterized by a short nose, rough spiny dermal denticles, no anal fin, and two small spineless dorsal fins. Both species are relatively large sharks, at 3.1 metres (10 ft) and 4 metres (13 ft) in body length. They feed on smaller fish, and on crabs and cephalopods. They are ovoviviparous, with the mother retaining the egg-cases inside her body until they hatch.
- Echinorhinus brucus (Bonnaterre, 1788) (Bramble shark)
- Echinorhinus cookei Pietschmann, 1928 (Prickly shark)
- Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera (Chondrichthyes entry)". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: 560. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2009). "Echinorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2009 version.
- "Echinorhinus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 4 May 2006.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Echinorhinidae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
- Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). Species of Echinorhinus in FishBase. January 2006 version.
- FAO Species Catalogue Volume 4 Parts 1 and 2 Sharks of the World