Portal:Sharks

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sharks

Welcome to the shark portal!
Welcome to the shark portal!

Sharks (superorder Selachimorpha) are a group of fish species with a full cartilaginous skeleton. There are over 400 extant species of shark, as well as numerous extinct species known from recovered teeth and bones. Due partially to fear of shark attack, sharks often feature heavily in popular culture.

Show new selections

Selected article

A wild horn shark
The horn shark, Heterodontus francisci, is a species of bullhead shark, family Heterodontidae. It is endemic to the coastal waters off the western coast North America, from California to the Gulf of California. Young sharks are segregated spatially from the adults, with the former preferring deeper sandy flats and the latter preferring shallower rocky reefs or algal beds. A small species typically measuring 1 m (3.3 ft) in length, the horn shark can be recognized by a short, blunt head with ridges over its eyes, two high dorsal fins with large venomous spines, and a brown or gray coloration with many small dark spots.

Slow-moving, generally solitary predators, horn sharks hunt at night inside small home ranges and retreat to a favored shelter during the day. Their daily activity cycles are controlled by environmental light levels. Adult sharks prey mainly on hard-shelled molluscs, echinoderms, and crustaceans, which they crush between powerful jaws and molar-like teeth, while also feeding opportunistically on a wide variety of other invertebrates and small bony fishes. Juveniles prefer softer-bodied prey such as polychaete worms and sea anemones. The shark extracts its prey from the substrate using suction and, if necessary, levering motions with its body. Reproduction is oviparous, with females laying up to 24 eggs from February to April. After laying, the female picks up the auger-shaped egg cases and wedges them into crevices to protect them from predators.

Horn sharks are harmless unless harassed, and are readily maintained in captivity. They are not targeted by either commercial or recreational fisheries, though small numbers are caught as bycatch. In Mexico this species is used for food and fishmeal, and in California its spines are made into jewelry. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) does not yet have enough information to determine the horn shark's conservation status. It faces few threats off the coast of the United States.

WikiProjects

People icon.svg

WikiProjects related to sharks:

Selected picture

Leopard shark in kelp.jpg
Credit: Matthew Field
The leopard shark is a species of houndshark found along the Pacific coast of North America from the U.S. state of Oregon to Mazatlán in Mexico.

Did you know?

Categories

Wiki letter w.svg

Topics

Shark · Outline of sharks

Shark orders
Carcharhiniformes (groundsharks) · Cladoselachiformes (extinct) · Eugeneodontida (extinct) · Heterodontiformes (bullhead sharks) · Hexanchiformes (most primitive sharks) · Hybodontiformes (extinct) · Iniopterygia (extinct) · Lamniformes (mackerel sharks) · Orectolobiformes (carpet sharks and relatives) · Pristiophoriformes (sawsharks and relatives) · Squaliformes (gulper sharks, bramble sharks, lantern sharks, rough sharks, sleeper sharks, dogfish sharks and relatives) · Squatiniformes (angel sharks) · Symmoriida (extinct) · Xenacanthida (also known as Xenacantiformes, extinct)


Major species
Basking shark · Blue shark · Bull shark · Great hammerhead · Great white shark · Grey reef shark · Hammerhead shark · Megalodon · Megamouth shark · Nurse shark · Oceanic whitetip shark · Requiem shark · Scalloped hammerhead · Shortfin mako shark · Swellshark · Thresher shark · Tiger shark · Whale shark


Shark biology
Ampullae of Lorenzini · Mermaid's purses · Physical characteristics of sharks · Shark teeth · Shark threat display


Shark-human interaction
Attack (drum lines, International Shark Attack File, Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916, list of fatal, unprovoked shark attacks in the United States, shark net, shark proof cage, shark suit, Summer of the Shark) · Captivity (shark tunnel) · Conservation (grey nurse shark conservation, Shark Alliance, Shark Conservation Act, Shark Trust) · Fishing (International Land-Based Shark Fishing Association, land-based shark fishing) · Products (shark cartilage, shark finning, shark fin soup, shark liver oil)


Sharks in culture
Sharks in popular culture · The Gulf Stream (painting) · The Headington Shark · "Helicopter Shark" · Jabberjaw · Jaws (film) (Jaws (novel), Jaws (film series)) · Meg: A Novel of Deep Terror · The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living · Shark Tale · Sharky & George · Sherman's Lagoon · Street Sharks · Watson and the Shark

Related portals

Portal:Biology
Portal:Cetaceans
Portal:Fish
Portal:Marine life
Biology Cetaceans Fish Marine Life

Wikimedia

Sharks on Wiktionary     Sharks on Wikimedia Commons     Sharks on Wikispecies    
Definitions Images & Media Species directory
Wiktionary-logo-en-35px.png
Commons-logo.svg
Wikispecies-logo.svg