Portal:Sharks

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Sharks

Welcome to the shark portal!
Welcome to the shark portal!

Sharks (superorder Selachimorpha) are a group of fish species with a full cartilaginous skeleton. There are over 400 extant species of shark, as well as numerous extinct species known from recovered teeth and bones. Due partially to fear of shark attack, sharks often feature heavily in popular culture.

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A spinner shark
The spinner shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna, is a species of requiem shark, family Carcharhinidae, named for the spinning leaps it makes as a part of its feeding strategy. This species occurs in tropical and warm temperate waters worldwide, except for in the eastern Pacific Ocean. It is found from coastal to offshore habitats to a depth of 100 m (330 ft), though it prefers shallow water. The spinner shark resembles a larger version of the blacktip shark (C. limbatus), with a slender body, long snout, and black-marked fins. This species can be distinguished from the blacktip shark by the first dorsal fin, which has a different shape and is placed further back, and by the black tip on the anal fin (in adults only). It attains a maximum length of 3 m (10 ft).

Spinner sharks are swift and gregarious predators that feed on a wide variety of small bony fishes and cephalopods. When feeding on schools of forage fish, they will speed vertically through the school while spinning on their axis, erupting from the water at the end. Like other members of its family, the spinner shark is viviparous, with females bearing litters of 3–20 young every other year. The newborns are born in shallow nursery areas near the coast, and are relatively fast-growing. This species is not usually dangerous to humans but may become belligerent when excited by food. Spinner sharks are valued by commercial fisheries across their range for their meat, fins, liver oil, and skin. They are also esteemed as strong fighters by recreational fishers. The World Conservation Union has assessed this species as Near Threatened worldwide and Vulnerable off the southeastern United States.

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Leopard shark in kelp.jpg
Credit: Matthew Field
The leopard shark is a species of houndshark found along the Pacific coast of North America from the U.S. state of Oregon to Mazatlán in Mexico.

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Topics

Shark · Outline of sharks

Shark orders
Carcharhiniformes (groundsharks) · Cladoselachiformes (extinct) · Eugeneodontida (extinct) · Heterodontiformes (bullhead sharks) · Hexanchiformes (most primitive sharks) · Hybodontiformes (extinct) · Iniopterygia (extinct) · Lamniformes (mackerel sharks) · Orectolobiformes (carpet sharks and relatives) · Pristiophoriformes (sawsharks and relatives) · Squaliformes (gulper sharks, bramble sharks, lantern sharks, rough sharks, sleeper sharks, dogfish sharks and relatives) · Squatiniformes (angel sharks) · Symmoriida (extinct) · Xenacanthida (also known as Xenacantiformes, extinct)


Major species
Basking shark · Blue shark · Bull shark · Great hammerhead · Great white shark · Grey reef shark · Hammerhead shark · Megalodon · Megamouth shark · Nurse shark · Oceanic whitetip shark · Requiem shark · Scalloped hammerhead · Shortfin mako shark · Swellshark · Thresher shark · Tiger shark · Whale shark


Shark biology
Ampullae of Lorenzini · Mermaid's purses · Physical characteristics of sharks · Shark teeth · Shark threat display


Shark-human interaction
Attack (drum lines, International Shark Attack File, Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916, list of fatal, unprovoked shark attacks in the United States, shark net, shark proof cage, shark suit, Summer of the Shark· Captivity (shark tunnel· Conservation (grey nurse shark conservation, Shark Alliance, Shark Conservation Act, Shark Trust· Fishing (International Land-Based Shark Fishing Association, land-based shark fishing· Products (shark cartilage, shark finning, shark fin soup, shark liver oil)


Sharks in culture
Sharks in popular culture · The Gulf Stream (painting) · The Headington Shark · "Helicopter Shark· Jabberjaw · Jaws (film) (Jaws (novel), Jaws (film series)· Meg: A Novel of Deep Terror · The Physical Impossibility of Death in the Mind of Someone Living · Shark Tale · Sharky & George · Sherman's Lagoon · Street Sharks · Watson and the Shark

Related portals

Portal:Biology
Portal:Cetaceans
Portal:Fish
Portal:Marine life
Biology Cetaceans Fish Marine Life

Wikimedia

Sharks on Wiktionary     Sharks on Wikimedia Commons     Sharks on Wikispecies    
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