Grenada, Mississippi

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Grenada, Mississippi
City
GrenadaSign.jpg
Location of Grenada, Mississippi
Location of Grenada, Mississippi
Coordinates: 33°46′30″N 89°48′32″W / 33.77500°N 89.80889°W / 33.77500; -89.80889Coordinates: 33°46′30″N 89°48′32″W / 33.77500°N 89.80889°W / 33.77500; -89.80889
Country United States
State Mississippi
County Grenada
Area
 • Total 30.0 sq mi (77.6 km2)
 • Land 30.0 sq mi (77.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 213 ft (65 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 13,092
 • Density 440/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 38901-38902
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-29460
GNIS feature ID 0670734

Grenada is a city in Grenada County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 13,092 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Grenada County.[2]

History[edit]

Grenada was formed in 1836 via the union of the two adjacent towns (separated by the present-day Line Street) of Pittsburg and Tulahoma, founded respectively by Franklin Plummer and Hiram Runnels.[3]

South Main Street, Grenada
Train Depot in Grenada

The city was formerly home to Grenada College, a Methodist junior college for women. The college was founded in 1851 as the Yalobusha Baptist Female Institute, and was taken over by the Methodists in 1882.[3] In 1936, financial troubles led the church to close the college and transfer its assets to Millsaps College.[4]

In December, 1862, Confederate general Earl Van Dorn, whose troops had been encamped in Grenada, led the three brigades under his command in an attempt to destroy the Union supply depot at Holly Springs, Mississippi.[5]

In 1966, James Meredith's march passed through Grenada. The town officials appeared quite cooperative, protecting the marchers and hiring six black registrars, who registered one thousand black citizens to vote. However, after the march passed through, the registrars were fired and it turned out that the thousand citizens had never been entered onto the rolls.[6] The marchers, including Martin Luther King and Dick Gregory, spent about a week demonstrating in Grenada before moving on.[7]

In 1966 and 1967, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference ran a civil rights organizing project in Grenada which lasted at least 11 months.[8]

Geography[edit]

Grenada is located at 33°46′30″N 89°48′32″W / 33.77500°N 89.80889°W / 33.77500; -89.80889 (33.775080, -89.808768)[9]. It is situated on the south bank of the Yalobusha River. Grenada Lake is located a short distance from the city. Grenada Lake is a man made lake that falls under the supervision of the Army Corp of Engineers.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.0 square miles (78 km2), of which, 30.0 square miles (78 km2) is land and 0.03% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Grenada Depot, c. 1910

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 14,879 people, 5,701 households, and 3,870 families residing in the city. The population density was 496.8 people per square mile (191.8/km²). There were 6,210 housing units at an average density of 207.3 per square mile (80.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.28% White, 49.34% African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.70% of the population.

There were 5,701 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 22.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 76.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,589, and the median income for a family was $31,316. Males had a median income of $27,946 versus $21,913 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,734. About 20.3% of families and 23.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.1% of those under age 18 and 27.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Edward Cary Walthall

Education[edit]

The City of Grenada, as well as Grenada County, is served by the Grenada School District. Kirk Academy, a private K-12 school, is also located in Grenada.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b Federal Writers' Project. Mississippi: A Guide to the Magnolia State. US History Publishers. p. 383. ISBN 978-1-60354-023-0. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  4. ^ J. C. Hathorn. A History of Grenada County. David Jensen. p. 55. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  5. ^ David Stephen Heidler; Jeanne T. Heidler; David J. Coles (1 September 2002). Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 987. ISBN 978-0-393-04758-5. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  6. ^ Robert Analavage (August 1966). "Which way in Grenada". The Southern Patriot.  reprinted in Clayborne Carson et al. (2003). Reporting Civil Rights: American journalism, 1963-1973. Library of America. pp. 516–9. Retrieved 22 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI. Turner Publishing Company. 15 June 1998. p. 65. ISBN 978-1-56311-473-1. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  8. ^ David Garrow (6 January 2004). Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. HarperCollins. p. 563. ISBN 978-0-06-056692-0. Retrieved 23 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.