EgyptSat 1

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
EgyptSat 1
EgyptSat-1 SaudiSat-3 satellite cluster.jpg
EgyptSat 1 at left alongside with Saudi Sat 3 at right
Mission type Remote sensing
Operator NARSS
COSPAR ID 2007-012A[1]
SATCAT № 31117[1]
Website www.narss.sci.eg
Mission duration 5 years
Spacecraft properties
Bus MS-1TK[2]
Manufacturer Yuzhnoye Design Bureau
Launch mass 165 kilograms (364 lb)[3][4]
Power 65 watts[5]
Start of mission
Launch date APRIL 17, 2007, 07:02 (2007-04-17UTC07:02Z) UTC
Rocket Dnepr
Launch site Baikonur 109/95
Contractor ISC Kosmotras
End of mission
Last contact July 19, 2010 (2010-07-20)[6]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Sun-Synchronous
Perigee 658 kilometres (409 mi)[7]
Apogee 666 kilometres (414 mi)[7]
Inclination 98.1 degrees[7]
Main Push broom scanner[4]
Name EgyptSat 1
Resolution 7.8 metres (26 ft) (MBEI)[4]
39 metres (128 ft) (cross-track) x 46 metres (151 ft) (along-track) (IREI)[4]

EgyptSat 1 or MisrSat-1 is Egypt's first Earth remote sensing satellite. This satellite was jointly built by Egypt's National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences together with the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Ukraine and was launched on board a Dnepr rocket on 17 April 2007 from the Baikonur Cosmodrome.

The effort was spearheaded by Dr. Aly Sadek, chairman of the Egyptian Council for Space Science and Technology Research. It in many ways was considered a huge step for the Egyptians since it marked the first time they opted for technology transfer during the manufacturing the satellite rather than simply purchasing one (as in case of the Nilesat satellites). On 23 October 2010, the National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences announced that control and communication with the satellite had been lost since July 2010.[8][9][10]

History[edit]

In 2001, Egypt posted an international tender for the development of the first Egyptian satellite for the observation and remote sensing and bidders from Ukraine,UK, Russia, Korea and Italy competed for the deal.[2][11]

on June 26, 2001 KB Yuzhnoe design bureau from Ukraine announced winner and on October 24, a contract had been signed in Egypt.[12]

A consortium consisted of KB Yuzhnoe design bureau and sub-contrators Ukrainian companies:[2][4][12]

  • Yuzhnoye - prime contractor responsible for the platform and the launch
  • Yuzhmash - Scientific Research Institute of Radio Engineering Measure­ments
  • Khartron-Konsat and Khartron-Yukom - Research and Scientific Production Enterprises
  • KONEX - State Research and Production Enterprise
  • CONECS - responsible for the development of the two optical payloads, the onboard payload command and data handling subsystem, as well as for the development of the data processing in the ground segment
  • Arsenal - optics manufacturing

The Egyptian Space Program[edit]

The Egyptian space program in fact started in the nineteen fifties but it wasn't until the establishment of the Egyptian Space Council in 16/5/1998 and the approval of a year later in 26/5/1999 of the Egyptian Space Program within the National Authority of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences.

Objectives[edit]

  • Enabling Egypt to join the Space Technology Age through designing and manufacturing of small research and remote sensing satellites, acquiring technological knowledge and capabilities, and building required infrastructure to achieve self-capability to design & manufactures small satellites
  • Transfer of advanced space technologies in communication, computers, programs, optics, sensors, new materials, command and control and energy to the Egyptian Scientific community.
  • Drive innovation in earth observations and space sciences
  • Utilizing of space technologies & applications in development plans.
  • Acquiring national capabilities in Space Technology disciplines.
  • Establishment of scientific & industrial base in advanced technology fields.
  • Building human resource capabilities for space sciences fields.
  • Coordinating and enhancing the cooperation between the research & industrial centers and space program through a national project
  • To establish a scientific and technological base for space and high technology industries in Egypt and the development of the relevant human capacity and improve local stakeholders in remote sensing applications.
  • To support decision makers in sustainable development by providing space images.

Achievements and future plans[edit]

  • EgyptSat 1 Launched successfully on April 17, 2007.
  • EgyptSat 2 with spatial resolution of 5.4 metres (18 ft)[3] was planned to be launched in October 1, 2013 but the launch was put on hold on 2011 following all contact being lost with EgyptSat 1[13][14]
  • DesertSat with spatial resolution of 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in)[3] which specialized in identifying and monitoring desert resources[6] is planned to be launched in 2017[15]

The objective of the three satellites is to provide comprehensive images for Egyptian land

Equipment[edit]

Egyptsat 1 is considered a miniaturized satellite weighing 100 kg and is carrying two devices:

  • An infrared sensing device
  • A high resolution multispectral imager together with store and forward communications payload.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "EgyptSat 1". National Space Science Data Center Administration. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "EgyptSat-1". russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Abd Al-Rahman, Zahraa. "Assessment Of Egyptian Satellite (EGYPT SAT-1) Images For The Production and Updating Of 1:25000 Planimetric Maps". Association of American Geographers. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Kramer, Herbert J. "EgyptSat-1". eoPortal Directory. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  5. ^ http://www.arkos.kharkov.ua/sutkm_e.php
  6. ^ a b http://www.unidir.ch/files/conferences/pdfs/emerging-space-leaders-what-are-the-space-security-concerns-of-rising-space-powers-and-what-do-they-bring-to-multilateral-initiatives-en-1-838.pdf
  7. ^ a b c "EgyptSat 1". National Space Science Data Center Administration (Goddard Space Flight Center). National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  8. ^ http://www.almasryalyoum.com/news/%D8%A7%D8%AE%D8%AA%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%A1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%82%D9%85%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B5%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%B9%D9%8A-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B5%D8%B1%D9%8A-%C2%AB%D8%A5%D9%8A%D8%AC%D9%8A%D8%A8%D8%AA-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%AA-1%C2%BB
  9. ^ http://www.masrawy.com/News/Egypt/Politics/2010/october/25/satalight.aspx?ref=rss
  10. ^ http://www.masrawy.com/News/Egypt/Politics/2010/october/23/sat.aspx
  11. ^ "Russian application satellites - Ukraine to build satellite for Egypt". russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Ukraine’s Space Program". Moscow Defense Brief. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  13. ^ http://www.zarya.info/Calendar.php
  14. ^ http://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/egyptsat-2.htm
  15. ^ http://www.freedominion.com.pa/phpBB2/viewtopic.php?p=1011884

External links[edit]