Provincia de Elqui
|• Governor||Pablo Argandoña Medina|
|• Total||16,894.8 km2 (6,523.1 sq mi)|
|Population (2002 Census)|
|• Density||22/km2 (56/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT  (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST  (UTC-3)|
|Area code(s)||56 + 51|
Elqui Province (Spanish: Provincia de Elqui) is a province in the Chilean region of Coquimbo (IV). The provincial capital is the city of Coquimbo. The province has an area of 16,895.1 km2 (6,523 sq mi), and has 365,371 inhabitants.
Geography and demography
According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the province spans an area of 16,894.8 km2 (6,523 sq mi) and had a population of 365,371 inhabitants (178,492 men and 186,879 women), giving it a population density of 21.6 /km2 (56 /sq mi). It is the ninth most populated province in the country. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 28.3% (80,613 persons). persons).
Municipalities in the province of Elqui
Elqui Valley wine region
The Elqui Valley Denomination of Origin (DO) is defined by the Chilean Appellation system, the legally defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown. The valley is located 530 km (330 mi) north of Santiago, at the southern end of the Atacama Desert in the Coquimbo region. It is known for producing table grapes and other fruits, as well as Pisco, Chile’s most popular liquor. But it is also notable for being the most commercially viable wine-producing region of northern Chile. The region’s vineyards extend from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Andes Mountains in the east, rising to an altitude of 2,000 m.a.s.l. (6,500 feet). Wine production began in the Elqui Valley in the 1990s when Chilean wine producers began to look at potential viticulture sites outside the Chilean Central Valley. Since then, 286 ha (707 acres) of vines have been planted, mostly along the River Elqui valley, where grape growers have access to high-quality water for irrigation.
The region is characterized by a sunny, desert-like climate, less than 70 mm (2.8 in) of annual rainfall, dry rocky terrain, steep valleys and temperate hills cooled by strong winds from the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains, producing excellent results for varietals like Syrah.
Grape distribution by varietal
- Climate: cool, desert climate, <70 mm (2.8 in) annual rainfall.
- Soils: clay, silt and chalk.
- Primary grapes: Syrah and Sauvignon Blanc.
|Cabernet Sauvignon: 25 ha (62 acres)||Sauvignon Blanc: 72 ha (178 acres)||Carmenere: 60 ha (148 acres)|
|Syrah: 87 ha (215 acres)||Pinot Noir: 19 ha (47 acres)||Chardonnay: 23 ha (57 acres)|
- Total hectares planted: 286 ha (707 acres)
- (Spanish) "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF). National Statistics Institute. 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2011.
- "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "Provincia de Elquí". Subsecretaría de Desarollo Regional y Administrativo. Gobierno de Chile. Retrieved 25 July 2011.
- See Elqui Valley Chart www.winesofchile.org retrieved September 25, 2013