Provincia de Palena
|• Total||15,301.9 km2 (5,908.1 sq mi)|
|Population (2002 Census)|
|• Density||1.2/km2 (3.2/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLT (UTC-3)|
|Area code(s)||56 + 65|
|Website||Government of Palena|
Palena Province (Spanish: Provincia de Palena) is one of the four provinces in the southern Chilean region of Los Lagos (X). Due to the eruption of Chaitén Volcano and the subsequent destruction of Chaitén, Futaleufú is since March 2009 the new capital of Palena Province. The private Pumalín Park is located in the province as is the town and territory of Huinay which divides the park into two parts. Due to its location in front of Chiloé Island it is sometimes called Continental Chiloé (Chiloé Continental). Palena Province is named after the Palena Lake, which in turn was named by the Italian Jesuit Nicolás Mascardi after the town of Palena in Abruzzo, Italy.
As a province, Palena is a second-level administrative division, governed by a provincial governor appointed by the president. The province comprises four communes, each governed by a municipality, headed by an alcalde.
Geography and demography
According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the province spans an area of 15,301.9 km2 (5,908 sq mi) and had a population of 18,971 inhabitants (10,255 men and 8,716 women), giving it a population density of 1.2 /km2 (3 /sq mi). It is the seventh least populated province in the country. Of these, 7,624 (40.2%) lived in urban areas and 11,347 (59.8%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population grew by 1.2% (223 persons).
- (Spanish) "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF). National Statistics Institute. 2007. Retrieved 23 March 2011.