Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 100Ma
Enaliornis is a genus of hesperornithine bird which lived in the late Early Cretaceous, making it the oldest known hesperornithine. Fossils have been found near Cambridge, England. Due to its lack of certain[clarification needed] hesperornithid apomorphies, they were much more "conventional" birds and were initially held to be Gaviiformes (loons/divers).
Enaliornis was originally named Pelagornis ('sea bird') by Seeley in 1866, but that name was preoccupied by a Miocene bird related to the pelicans. Three species have been described: The small Enaliornis sedgwicki, the medium-sized Enaliornis seeleyi, and the large Enaliornis barretti. The size of the largest of the three species was comparable to a large pigeon. Together, they are the only birds currently assigned to the family Enaliornithidae. The presumed hesperornithine Potamornis from the Late Cretaceous Lance Formation of Buck Creek (USA) may also be related to this group.
- Brands, Sheila (7 Apr 2012). "Taxon: Genus †Enaliornis". Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved 12 Jun 2012.
- Harrison, C.J.O.; Walker, C.A. (1973). "Wyleyia: a new bird humerus from the Lower Cretaceous of England" (PDF). Palaeontology 16 (4): 721–728.
- Perrins, Christopher (1987) . Harrison, C.J.O., ed. Birds: Their Lifes, Their Ways, Their World. Reader's Digest Association, Inc. p. 166. ISBN 0895770652.
- Brands, S. (2012)
- Harrison & Walker (1973)
- Perrins, C. (1987)
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