English Folk Dance and Song Society
The English Folk Dance and Song Society (EFDSS) was formed in 1932 when two organisations merged: the Folk-Song Society and the English Folk Dance Society. The EFDSS, a member-based organisation, was incorporated as a Company limited by guarantee (No. 297142) in 1935 and became a Registered Charity (No. 305999) in England and Wales in 1963.
The Folk-Song Society, founded in London in 1898, focused on collecting and publishing, primarily folk songs of Britain and Ireland although there was no formal limitation. Participants included Lucy Broadwood, Kate Lee, Cecil Sharp, Ralph Vaughan Williams, George Butterworth, George Barnet Gardiner, Henry Hammond, Anne Gilchrist and Ella Leather.
The English Folk Dance Society was founded in 1911 by Cecil Sharp. Maud Karpeles was a leading participant. Its purpose was to preserve and promote English folk dances in their traditional forms, including Morris and sword dances, traditional social dances, and interpretations of the dances published by John Playford.
One of the greatest contributions that the EFDSS made to the folk movement, both dance and song, was the folk festival, starting with the Stratford-upon-Avon Festival in the 1940s and later festivals in Whitby, Sidmouth, Holmfirth, Chippenham and elsewhere.
Since 1936 the EFDSS has published "English Dance & Song" at least four times a year. This has become the longest-established magazine devoted to folk music, dance and song in the country. "English Dance & Song" is aimed at stimulating the interest of the membership of the EFDSS, as well as the wider folk music and dance community.
Their regular scholarly publication is "Folk Music Journal" published annually in December, which was formerly entitled the "Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society" until 1965. The work continues the earlier journals of the two societies: "Journal of the Folk-Song Society", 1899–1931; "Journal of the English Folk Dance Society 1914-31".
In 1998, with the folk movement strongly supported by a number of other organisations and the seeds planted by EFDSS thriving, the EFDSS altered its strategy to focus on education and archiving, with its primary goal the development of the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library as the country's national archive and resource centre for folk music, dance and song.
In 2011 the society entered into a joint commission with Shrewsbury Folk Festival to create the Cecil Sharp Project, a multi-artist residential commission to create new works based on the life and collecting of Cecil Sharp. The project took place in March 2011, the artists involved being: Steve Knightley, Andy Cutting, Leonard Podolak, Jim Moray, Jackie Oates, Caroline Herring, Kathryn Roberts and Patsy Reid.
In 2013, EFDSS launched The Full English, an ongoing archive project supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund, The Folklore Society, the National Folk Music Fund and the English Miscellany Folk Dance Group. This free and searchable resource of 44,000 records and over 58,000 digitised images is the world's biggest digital archive of traditional music and dance tunes.
- Karpeles, Maud and Frogley, Alain (2007–2011). 'English Folk Dance and Song Society'. In: Grove Music Online, Oxford Music Online. Retrieved 2011-10-24. (subscription required).
- Keel, Frederick (1948). 'The folk song society' (1898-1948). Journal of the English Folk Dance & Song Society, Vol 5, No 3, December. Retrieved 2011-10-23 (subscription required).
- "G. B. Gardiner, folk song collector". Vaughan Williams Memorial Library. Retrieved 2009-06-06.
- "Ella Mary Leather". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- Dean-Smith, Margaret (1951). 'The Preservation of English Folk Song in the Journal of the Folk Song Society'. Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, vol 6, no 3 (December), pp 69-76. Retrieved 2011-10-24. (subscription required).
- "Cecil Sharp Project". 28 March 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- Chilton, Martin (21 June 2013). "'Staggering' digital folk music archive launched". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
- Guide to the Scrapbook on Cecil Sharp's English Folk Dance Society School, 1920-1931. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California.
- Official website
- English Folk Dance and Song Society, Registered Charity no. 305999 at the Charity Commission
- English Dance and Song Magazine website
- Folk Music Journal home page
- The Vaughan Williams Memorial Library
- The Folkopedia Project
- The Cecil Sharp Project
- BBC Radio 3, Music Matters profile of The Full English archive by Tom Service