English Fury at Mechelen

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English Fury
Part of the Eighty Years' War & the Anglo–Spanish War
English Fury at Mechelen 1580.jpg
The English fury on the Grote Markt in Mechelen
Date April 9, 1580
Location Mechelen, Spanish Netherlands
(Present day Belgium)
Result Anglo-Dutch victory[1]
Belligerents
England England
Dutch Republic United Provinces
Spain Spain
Commanders and leaders
England John Norreys Spain Pedro Lobo  

The English Fury at Mechelen or the Capture of Mechelen was an event in the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo–Spanish War on April 9, 1580. The city of Mechelen was conquered by Calvinist forces from Brussels which included a large contingent of English soldiers. The city was brutally sacked and the nomenclature was given.[2]

Prelude[edit]

In 1579, the Lordship of Mechelen was one of the few territories in the Netherlands that had remained loyal to the Spanish King. Most surrounding cities, like Antwerp, Brussels and Ghent were ruled by Calvinists. There in 1580, plans were made to take over all remaining loyal cities, to deny the Spanish army any stronghold behind the frontline.[3]

The frontline in 1580

Mechelen taken[edit]

The Calvinist mayor of Brussels, Olivier van den Tympel, gathered a military force, supported by English troops under command of John Norreys and Scottish under command of Captain Stuart. After a short battle with Mechelen's Schutterij and Spanish troops the city was easily taken.[4]

The English however turned against the population and plundered homes, churches and monasteries. Some sixty civilians were killed and Archbishop Mathias Hovius hid in a cupboard for three days and then fled the city, dressed as a peasant. The Spanish garrison artillery commander Pedro Lobo also a large friar was killed by John Norreys himself with his bare hands.[2][4]

Mechelen remained under Calvinist rule until it was reconquered in 1585 by the Spanish under Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma as one of the last cities in the Southern Netherlands.[3]

The 1580 event was named the English Fury after the Spanish Fury that hit the city in 1572.[5]

References[edit]

Citations
  1. ^ Tracy pg 82
  2. ^ a b Harline & Put p. 127-29
  3. ^ a b Nolan, J. p 46
  4. ^ a b Knight, Charles Raleigh: Historical records of The Buffs, East Kent Regiment (3rd Foot) formerly designated the Holland Regiment and Prince George of Denmark's Regiment. Vol I. London, Gale & Polden, 1905, p. 18
  5. ^ Nolan, C. p 269
Bibliography
External links

History Reconsidered: Eighty Years War 1568 -1648