Siege of Grave (1586)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Siege of Grave (1586)
Part of the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)
Grave 1586 - 1.JPG
The siege of Grave in 1586 by Don Alejandro Farnesio. Engraving by Michelangelo Cerquozzi.
Date Early April - June 7, 1586
Location Grave, North Brabant, Low Countries
(present-day the Netherlands)
Result Spanish victory[1][2]
Belligerents
Dutch Republic United Provinces
 England
 Spain
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of England Earl of Leicester
Dutch Republic Philip of Hohenlohe
Dutch Republic Martin Schenck
Spain Alexander Farnese
Spain Count of Mansfeld
Spain Juan del Águila

The Siege of Grave, also known as the Capture of Grave of 1586, took place from mid-February – June 7, 1586, at Grave, Duchy of Brabant, Low Countries (present-day the North Brabant, the Netherlands), between the Spanish army led by Governor-General Don Alexander Farnese, Prince of Parma, and the Dutch-States and English forces under the Governor of Grave, the Baron Peter van Hemart, during the Eighty Years' War and the Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604).[2][1]

In early spring of 1586, the Count Peter Ernst of Mansfeld, by order of Alexander Farnese, laid siege to the town of Grave.[3][4] After little more than a month, and the impossibility of the English and Dutch forces for relieving the city, Grave surrendered to the Spaniards on June 7.[2][1] The capture of the strategically important town of Grave by Parma, and the impotence of the English commander Sir Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, to relieve the town, in a time where England had raised hopes to the Dutch rebels thanks to the Treaty of Nonsuch, was a complete military and political success for the Spanish authorities, and a severe blow for the Protestant cause, provoking the start of the disagreements of the States-General of the Netherlands with the Earl of Leicester.[2][1][5]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Graham Darby p.190
  2. ^ a b c d Giménez Martín p.189
  3. ^ Giménez Martín p.188
  4. ^ Martín p. 189
  5. ^ J.D. Tracy. The Founding of the Dutch Republic (2008)

References[edit]

  • Black, Jeremy. European Warfare 1494-1660. Routledge Publishing 2002. ISBN 978-0-415-27531-6
  • Giménez Martín, Juan. Tercios de Flandes. Ediciones Falcata Ibérica. First edition 1999, Madrid. ISBN 84-930446-0-1
  • Tracy, J.D. (2008). The Founding of the Dutch Republic: War, Finance, and Politics in Holland 1572–1588. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-920911-8
  • Darby, Graham. The Origins and Development of the Dutch Revolt. First published 2001. London. ISBN 0-203-42397-6
  • Mark Charles Fissel. English Warfare, 1511-1642. Oxford University.
  • Kamen, Henry. Spain, 1469-1714: A Society Of Conflict. Pearson Education Limited. United Kingdom (2005). ISBN 0-582-78464-6

External links[edit]