Equestrian at the 1924 Summer Olympics

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The Equestrian Events at the 1924 Paris Olympics included Eventing (individual and team medals), Show jumping (individual and team medals) and Dressage (individual medals). Vaulting was not included this year. The competitions were held from July 21, 1924 to July 27, 1924. 17 nations fielded teams: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Great Britain, Italy, Netherland, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USA, and Yugoslavia, with Germany not being invited. Of those 17 countries, only 5 fielded teams in all 3 disciplines: France, Sweden, Belgium, Switzerland and Czechoslovakia. A total of 111 entries and 126 horses competed. Horses in both the jumping and eventing competitions were required to carry at least 75kg (165lb).

Equestrian

Disciplines[edit]

Show Jumping[edit]

The jumping competition was held over a 1060 meter course with fences up to 1.40 meters and at a speed of 400 m/min. Civilians were allowed to compete, although many teams still had army officers. 34 of the 43 riders finished, but 17 of those had time penalties over the challenging course, which were added at a 1/4 point per second over time. 11 nations competed.

Dressage[edit]

9 nations and 24 riders total competed in the dressage competition. Unlike today, the dressage test had a time limit. For the 1924 Games, the 10.5 minute time allowed was too short and the first few riders garnered point deductions for taking too long, while those that went later cut corners and performed the test as quickly as possible. The test was performed in a 60 x 20 meter arena, as it is today, but the 5 judges all sat together on one of the short sides of the area, rather than being spread out at different points. Dressage required the horses to be ridden in a plain snaffle and split bit.

Eventing[edit]

44 riders from 13 countries competed in the eventing competition, with only 32 finishing. 8 riders were eliminated during the endurance test, 1 during the jumping test, and 3 did not contest the jumping following endurance day. The dressage test was worth 200 points total for the competition; phases A, C, and E of the endurance test were worth 200 points, steeplechase was worth 500 points, and cross-country 700 points; and the jumping test was worth 400 total points. The endurance test held a new format that would be used for several additional Olympic Games:

  • Phase A: Roads and Tracks (7km long in 29 min and 10 sec)
  • Phase B: Steeplechase (4km at 550 m/min, to be completed in 7 min and 2 sec.)
  • Phase C: Roads and Tracks (15km at 240 m/min, to be completed in 1 hr, 2 min, and 30 sec)
  • Phase D: Cross Country (8km course of 36 obstacles, with a max height of 1.15 meters and width of 3.5 meters, at 450 m/min, completed in 17min 46 sec)
  • Phase E: Free Gallop (2km gallop at 333 m/min, to be completed in 6 min)

Medal summary[edit]

Event Gold Silver Bronze
Individual dressage
details
 Ernst Linder and Piccolomino
Sweden (SWE)
 Bertil Sandström and Sabel
Sweden (SWE)
 Xavier Lesage and Plumard
France (FRA)
Individual eventing
details
 Adolph van der Voort van Zijp and Silver Piece
Netherlands (NED)
 Frode Kirkebjerg and Meteor
Denmark (DEN)
 Sloan Doak and Pathfinder
United States (USA)
Team eventing
details
 Netherlands (NED)
Adolph van der Voort van Zijp and Silver Piece
Charles Pahud de Mortanges and Johnny Walker
Gerard de Kruijff and Addio
Antonius Colenbrander and King of Hearts
 Sweden (SWE)
Claës König and Bojar
Torsten Sylvan and Anita
Gustaf Hagelin and Varius
Carl Gustaf Lewenhaupt and Canter
 Italy (ITA)
Alberto Lombardi and Pimplo
Alessandro Alvisi and Capiligio
Emanuele Beraudo di Pralormo and Mount Félix
Tommaso Lequio di Assaba and Torena
Individual jumping
details
 Alphonse Gemuseus and Lucette
Switzerland (SUI)
 Tommaso Lequio di Assaba and Trebecco
Italy (ITA)
 Adam Królikiewicz and Picador
Poland (POL)
Team jumping
details
 Sweden (SWE)
Åke Thelning and Loke
Axel Ståhle and Cecil
Åge Lundström and Anvers
 Switzerland (SUI)
Alphonse Gemuseus and Lucette
Werner Stuber and Girandole
Hans Bühler and Sailor Boy
 Portugal (POR)
António Borges and Reginald
Hélder de Souza and Avro
José Mouzinho and Hetrugo

Participating nations[edit]

A total of 97 horse riders from 17 nations competed at the Paris Games:

Medal table[edit]

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Sweden (SWE) 2 2 0 4
2  Netherlands (NED) 2 0 0 2
3  Switzerland (SUI) 1 1 0 2
4  Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2
5  Denmark (DEN) 0 1 0 1
6  France (FRA) 0 0 1 1
 Poland (POL) 0 0 1 1
 Portugal (POR) 0 0 1 1
 United States (USA) 0 0 1 1

References[edit]