Statue of Pascal Fish and his daughter Eudora, 2011
Location of Eudora, Kansas
|• Mayor||John Fiore |
|• City Manager||Gary Ortiz |
|• City Clerk||Pamela Schmeck |
|• Total||2.94 sq mi (7.61 km2)|
|• Land||2.89 sq mi (7.49 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.13 km2)|
|Elevation||833 ft (254 m)|
|• Estimate (2013)||6,196|
|• Density||2,123.2/sq mi (819.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|FIPS code||20-21675 |
|GNIS feature ID||0479162 |
Eudora is a city in Douglas County, Kansas, United States. It is part of the Lawrence, Kansas Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city is located along the Kansas and Wakarusa Rivers. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 6,136.
The history of Eudora predates American settlement. The Eudora area was home to various Indian tribes for thousands of years. The most notable tribe was the Kansa. The Kansa lived along the rivers of this region in villages until they were forcibly removed in the 1820s by the American government to make room for the Shawnee. The Oregon Trail and Santa Fe Trail passed through the region, just a few miles south of modern Eudora.
In 1854 the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, creating the Kansas Territory and opening the region to settlement by Americans. As a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Americans settlers started to encroach upon Indian lands. In 1856, three members of a German Immigrant Settlement Company (called Deutsche-Neusiedlungsverein) from Chicago, sent out a location committee to choose a town site in the new Kansas Territory. Favoring the Eudora area, they drew up contracts with Shawnee Chief Paschal Fish, the owner of most of the land in the area. The new town was named Eudora in honor of Chief Fish's daughter. The first post office in Eudora was established in September, 1857. Eudora was incorporated in 1859.
Eudora was the site of conflict during the Bleeding Kansas Era and the American Civil War. Eudora strongly supported the Union during the Civil War, many of its men enlisted to defeat the Confederacy. William Quantrill passed through the Eudora area in 1863 on his way to Lawrence, Kansas to commit his infamous and deadly raid on the unsuspecting town. Several Eudora residents attempted to warn Lawrence of Quantrill's proximity, but two men were thrown from their horses, one of them dying as a result of his injuries. After the raid, Eudorans were quick to aid the citizens of Lawrence as they started their recovery.
After the Civil War, relative stability finally arrived to the region. Eudora grew rapidly in the late 19th century, with growth leveling in the early 20th century. In the recent decades, Eudora has again grown tremendously as a result of its proximity to Lawrence and Kansas City and its location along Kansas Highway 10.
Eudora is located at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.94 square miles (7.61 km2), of which, 2.89 square miles (7.49 km2) is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) is water.(38.938213, -95.097417)
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,136 people, 2,210 households, and 1,600 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,123.2 inhabitants per square mile (819.8 /km2). There were 2,306 housing units at an average density of 797.9 per square mile (308.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.3% White, 0.8% African American, 1.6% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 2.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.
There were 2,210 households of which 44.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.6% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.25.
The median age in the city was 31.8 years. 31% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 32.1% were from 25 to 44; 20.9% were from 45 to 64; and 8.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,307 people, 1,607 households, and 1,136 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,173.9 people per square mile (839.9/km²). There were 1,664 housing units at an average density of 839.9 per square mile (324.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.87% White, 0.70% African American, 1.46% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.67% from other races, and 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.39% of the population.
There were 1,607 households out of which 40.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.3% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.7% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 34.1% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $41,713, and the median income for a family was $50,909. Males had a median income of $37,833 versus $25,202 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,693. About 4.3% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 7.9% of those age 65 or over.
The Eudora government consists of five City Commissioners, which elects the Mayor. The City Commission meets the second and fourth Monday of each month at 7PM.
- City Hall, 4 East 7th St.
- Republican Lynn Jenkins in Kansas' 2nd Congressional District
- Democrat Tom Holland (Politician) in the State Senate.
- Democrat John Wilson (Kansas Politician) and Republican Connie O'Brien and in the State House of Representatives.
- Democrat Nancy Thellman in the Douglas County Commission.
- Chase Austin, NASCAR driver
- Eugene Hugh Beaumont, actor
- Vic Edelbrock, manufacturer, automotive engineer
- Charles Parham, founder of Pentacostalism, presided over Methodist Church services from 1892 to 1894.
- Beni Israel Cemetery, added to the National Register of Historic Places list in January 2013
- Eudora Kaw River Bridge, bridge over the Kansas River about 0.5 mile north of Eudora
- Eudora - Directory of Public Officials
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122.
- Higgins, Cindy. "Town Growth 1860-1880". The History of Eudora, Kansas. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 8 June 2014.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 598.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Eudora History Trivia
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- USD 491, local school district