European Parliament election, 1979 (Italy)

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European Parliament election in Italy, 1979
Italy
10 June 1979
→ 1984

All 81 Italian seats in the European Parliament
  Majority party Minority party
  Benigno Zaccagnini.jpg
Leader Benigno Zaccagnini Enrico Berlinguer
Party Christian Democracy Communist Party
Alliance EPP COM
Leader's seat Northeast Italy Central Italy
Seats won 29 24
Popular vote 12,774,320 10,361,344
Percentage 36.5% 29.6%

The first elections for the European Parliament in Italy were held on 10 June 1979.

A week before Italy had voted for its general election: the lack of matching between the two elections caused much controversy for wasting public money.

Electoral system[edit]

The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it was naturally adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.

Results[edit]

This election taking place just a week after the general election, it obviously gave a similar result. However, the minor importance of the European ballot caused a lower turnout, which particularly punished the two major parties, the Christian Democracy and the Italian Communist Party. The small Italian Liberal Party had a breath of fresh air from this vote, doubling its percentage compared to seven days before.


e • d Summary of the results of Italy's 10 June 1979 election to the European Parliament
19791984 →
National party Votes  % Seats
Christian Democracy 12,774,320 36.45
29 / 81
Italian Communist Party 10,361,344 29.57
24 / 81
Italian Socialist Party 3,866,946 11.03
9 / 81
Italian Social Movement 1,909,055 5.45
4 / 81
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1,514,272 4.32
4 / 81
Radical Party 1,285,065 3.67
3 / 81
Italian Liberal Party 1,271,159 3.63
3 / 81
Italian Republican Party 896,139 2.56
2 / 81
Proletarian Unity Party 406,656 1.16
1 / 81
Proletarian Democracy 252,342 0.72
1 / 81
South Tyrolean People's Party 196,373 0.56
1 / 81
Valdostan Union 166,393 0.47
0 / 81
National Democracy 142,537 0.41
0 / 81
Valid votes 35,042,601 96.94
Blank and invalid votes 1,105,579 3.06
Totals 36,148,180 100.00
81 / 81
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 42,203,405 85.65
Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior

External links[edit]