European Parliament election in Italy, 1984
European election results map.
Red denotes those with a Communist plurality, Yellow denotes provinces with a Christian Democratic plurality, Gray denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.
second elections for the in European Parliament Italy were held on 17 June 1984.
The election took place just a week after the death of
Communist leader Enrico Berlinguer: this fact hugely influenced the vote, producing an historical result.
Electoral system [ edit ]
party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.
Results [ edit ]
The public emotion caused by
Berlinguer's death resulted into an extraordinary strength for the PCI: for the first time in Western Europe since the French election of 1956, and for the first time ever in Italian history, a Communist party received a plurality by a democratic vote.
However, in opposition, this result reinforced the
moderate government ruling the country: the Socialist Party of Prime Minister Bettino Craxi had maintained its vote, and its major ally, the defeated Christian Democracy, did not want to take any chances of a political crisis that could lead to dangerous general election.
Summary of the results of Italy's 1984 election to the European Parliament
← 1979 • 1984 • 1989 →
Italian Communist Party 11,714,428
Christian Democracy 11,583,767
Italian Socialist Party 3,940,445
Italian Social Movement 2,274,556
Italian Liberal Party - Italian Republican Party 2,140,501
Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1,225,462
Radical Party 1,199,876
Proletarian Democracy 506,753
South Tyrolean People's Party 198,220
Valdostan Union - Sardinian Action Party - Others 193,430
Liga Veneta 164,115
Blank and invalid votes
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout
Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior
See also [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]