European Parliament election, 1984 (Italy)

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European Parliament election in Italy, 1984
1979 ←
17 June 1984
→ 1989

All 81 Italian seats to the European Parliament
  First party Second party
  Alessandro Natta.jpg Ciriaco De Mita 2010.jpg
Leader Alessandro Natta Ciriaco De Mita
Party Communist Party Christian Democracy
Leader's seat Northwest Italy Southern Italy
Last election 24 seats, 29.6% 29 seats, 36.5%
Seats won 27 26
Seat change +3 -3
Popular vote 11,714,428 11,583,767
Percentage 33.3% 33.0%
Swing +3.7% -3.5%

European Election 1984 Italy.png

European election results map. Red denotes those with a Communist plurality, Yellow denotes provinces with a Christian Democratic plurality, Gray denotes those with an Autonomist plurality.

The second elections for the European Parliament in Italy were held on 17 June 1984.

The election took place just a week after the death of Communist leader Enrico Berlinguer: this fact hugely influenced the vote, producing an historical result.

Electoral system[edit]

The pure party-list proportional representation was the traditional electoral system of the Italian Republic since its foundation in 1946, so it had been adopted to elect the Italian representatives to the European Parliament too. Two levels were used: a national level to divide seats between parties, and a constituency level to distribute them between candidates. Italian regions were united in 5 constituencies, each electing a group of deputies. At national level, seats were divided between party lists using the largest remainder method with Hare quota. All seats gained by each party were automatically distributed to their local open lists and their most voted candidates.


The public emotion caused by Berlinguer's death resulted into an extraordinary strength for the PCI: for the first time in Western Europe since the French election of 1956, and for the first time ever in Italian history, a Communist party received a plurality by a democratic vote.

However, in opposition, this result reinforced the moderate government ruling the country: the Socialist Party of Prime Minister Bettino Craxi had maintained its vote, and its major ally, the defeated Christian Democracy, did not want to take any chances of a political crisis that could lead to dangerous general election.

e • d Summary of the results of Italy's 1984 election to the European Parliament
← 197919841989 →
Party Votes  % +/– Seats +/–
  Italian Communist Party 11,714,428 33.33 3.76 Increase 27 3 Increase
  Christian Democracy 11,583,767 32.96 3.49 Decrease 26 3 Decrease
  Italian Socialist Party 3,940,445 11.21 0.18 Increase 9 0 Steady
  Italian Social Movement 2,274,556 6.47 1.02 Increase 5 1 Increase
  Italian Liberal Party - Italian Republican Party 2,140,501 6.09 2.46 Increase 5 2 Increase
  Italian Democratic Socialist Party 1,225,462 3.49 0.83 Decrease 3 1 Decrease
  Radical Party 1,199,876 3.67 0.26 Decrease 3 0 Steady
  Proletarian Democracy 506,753 1.44 0.72 Increase 1 0 Steady
  South Tyrolean People's Party 198,220 0.56 0 Steady 1 0 Steady
  Valdostan Union - Sardinian Action Party - Others 193,430 0.55 0.08 Increase 1 1 Increase
  Liga Veneta 164,115 0.47 - 0 -
Valid votes 35,141,553 94.80
Blank and invalid votes 1,928,073 5.20
Totals 37,069,626 100.00 - 81 -
Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout 44,948,253 82.47 2.91 Decrease
Source: Italian Ministry of the Interior

See also[edit]

External links[edit]