Eve Arnold

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Eve Arnold
Born Eve Cohen
(1912-04-21)April 21, 1912
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
Died January 4, 2012(2012-01-04) (aged 99)
London, England, UK
Occupation Photojournalist
Spouse(s) Arnold Arnold (divorced)
1 son, Frank[1]

Eve Arnold, OBE, Hon. FRPS (née Cohen; April 21, 1912 – January 4, 2012) was an American photojournalist.[2][3] She joined Magnum Photos agency in 1951, and became a full member in 1957.

Early life and career[edit]

Eve Arnold was born Eve Cohen in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the middle of nine children born to immigrant Russian-Jewish parents, William Cohen (born Velvel Sklarski), a rabbi, and his wife, Bessie (Bosya Laschiner). Her interest in photography began in 1946 while working in a New York City photo-finishing plant. Over six weeks in 1948, she learned photographic skills from Harper's Bazaar art director Alexey Brodovitch at the New School for Social Research[4] in Manhattan.

Eve Arnold photographed many of the iconic figures who shaped the second half of the twentieth century, yet she was equally comfortable documenting the lives of the poor and dispossessed, “migrant workers, civil-rights protestors of apartheid in South Africa, disabled Vietnam war veterans and Mongolian herdsmen.” [5] For Arnold, there was no dichotomy: “"I don't see anybody as either ordinary or extraordinary," she said in a 1990 BBC interview, "I see them simply as people in front of my lens.” [6]

Arnold's images of Marilyn Monroe on the set of The Misfits (1961) were perhaps her most memorable, but she had taken many photos of Monroe from 1951 onwards. Her previously unseen photos of Monroe were shown at an Halcyon Gallery exhibition in London during May 2005. She also photographed Queen Elizabeth II, Malcolm X, and Joan Crawford, and traveled around the world, photographing in China, Russia, South Africa and Afghanistan.[7] Arnold left the United States and moved permanently to England in the early 1960s with her son, Frank Arnold. While working for the London Sunday Times, she began to make serious use of colour photography.[7]

Later life[edit]

In 1980, she had her first solo exhibition, which featured her photographic work done in China at the Brooklyn Museum in New York City. In the same year, she received the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Society of Magazine Photographers. In 1993, she was made an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Photographic Society,[8] and elected Master Photographer by New York's International Center of Photography.

She did a series of portraits of American First Ladies.[9] In 1997, she was appointed a member of the Advisory Committee of the National Media Museum (formerly the Museum of Photography, Film & Television) in Bradford, West Yorkshire. She received an OBE in 2003.[10]

She lived in Mayfair for many years until her last illness, when she moved to a London nursing home. When Anjelica Huston asked if she was still doing photography, Arnold replied: "That's over. I can't hold a camera any more." She said she spent most of her time reading such writers as Dostoevsky, Thomas Mann and Tolstoy.[11]

Death[edit]

Arnold died in London on January 4, 2012, aged 99.[12]

Selected works[edit]

Photographs[edit]

  • Marilyn Monroe, 1960.
  • Jacqueline Kennedy arranging flowers with daughter Caroline, 1961.
  • Horse Training for the Militia in Inner Mongolia, 1979.

Books[edit]

  • The Unretouched Woman, 1976.
  • Flashback: The 50's, 1978.
  • In China, 1980.
  • In America, 1983.
  • Marilyn for Ever, 1987.
  • Marilyn Monroe: An Appreciation, 1987.
  • All in a Day's Work, 1989.
  • The Great British, 1991.
  • In Retrospect, 1995.
  • Film Journal, 2002.
  • Handbook, 2004
  • Marilyn Monroe 2005
  • Eve Arnold's People 2009
  • All About Eve 2012

Awards[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amanda Hopkinson Obituary: Eve Arnold, The Guardian, January 5, 2012
  2. ^ "Eve Arnold – photojournalist". Art Fine. Retrieved September 2, 2010. 
  3. ^ Waters, Florence (January 5, 2012). "American photographer Eve Arnold dies aged 99". Telegraph. Retrieved January 5, 2012. 
  4. ^ Tim Troy "Arnold, Eve" in Robin Lenman (ed.) The Oxford Companion to the Photograph, Oxford: Odfafdjofewkncfiasenreiuancfasiduhfniejkrnieud University Press, 2005, p.47
  5. ^ html "Remembering Eve Arnold, The Unretouched Woman”
  6. ^ http://www. npr.org/blogs/pictureshow/2012/01/05/144746858/eve-arnold-photojournalist-dies-at-99.html
  7. ^ a b Liz Jobey, "What Eve Arnold saw", FT Magazine, 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012
  8. ^ Royal Photographic Society website
  9. ^ Maria Lokke, "First Ladies", The New Yorker Photo Booth, January 11, 2012. Retrieved 4 March 2012.
  10. ^ Profile of Eve Arnold
  11. ^ Eve Arnold's People, edited by Brigitte Lardinois with texts by Huston and Isabella Rossellini, London: Thames & Hudson, 2009
  12. ^ "Photojournalist Eve Arnold dies aged 99". BBC News. January 5, 2012. Retrieved January 5, 2012. 

External links[edit]