Exilles

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Exilles
Comune
Comune di Exilles
Exilles02.JPG
Exilles is located in Italy
Exilles
Exilles
Location of Exilles in Italy
Coordinates: 45°6′N 6°56′E / 45.100°N 6.933°E / 45.100; 6.933Coordinates: 45°6′N 6°56′E / 45.100°N 6.933°E / 45.100; 6.933
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Province of Turin (TO)
Frazioni Deveys, Morliere, San Colombano, Champbons
Government
 • Mayor Michelangelo Luigi Castellano
Area
 • Total 44.32 km2 (17.11 sq mi)
Elevation 870 m (2,850 ft)
Population (31 May 2007)
 • Total 277
 • Density 6.3/km2 (16/sq mi)
Demonym Esillesi o exillesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 10050
Dialing code 0122
Patron saint Saint Peter
Saint day June 29
Website Official website

Exilles (Occitan: Exilhas, local Occitan: Isiya,[1] Piedmontese: Isiles, Latin: Scingomagus,[2] Italianization under Italian Fascism: Esille) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Turin in the Italian region Piedmont, located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Turin, on the border with France. As of 31 May 2007, it had a population of 277 and an area of 44.32 square kilometres (17.11 sq mi).[3]

The municipality of Exilles contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Deveys, Cels, San Colombano, and Champbons.

Exilles borders the following municipalities: Bardonecchia, Bramans (France), Chiomonte, Giaglione, Oulx, Pragelato, Salbertrand, and Usseaux.

Geographical significance[edit]

The ancients considered Exilles the first place in Italy coming from Gaul over the Alpine passes. As Scingomagus (Greek Σκιγγόμαγος, Exilles is first mentioned by Strabo (iv.), who says, when he is speaking of one of the passes of the Alps, that from Ebrodunum (modern Embrun) on the Gallic side through Brigantium (modern Briançon) and Scingomagus and the pass of the Alps to Ocelum, the limit of the land of Cottius (the Alpes Cottiae) is 159 kilometres (99 mi); and at Scingomagus Italy begins, and the distance from Scincomagus to Ocelum is 43 kilometres (27 mi). Pliny the Elder also (ii. 108) makes Italy extend to the Alps at Scincgmagus, and then he gives the breadth of Gallia from Scingomagus to the Pyrenees and Illiberis.

Demographic evolution[edit]

The number of inhabitants of Exilles has steadily declined since at least 1861.

References[edit]

  1. ^ As seen on the entrance road sign (cf. Google Street View)
  2. ^ Richard Talbert, Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World, (ISBN 0-691-03169-X), Map 17.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External links[edit]