Moncalieri

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Moncalieri
Comune
Città di Moncalieri (in Italian)
Panorama of Moncalieri
Panorama of Moncalieri
Moncalieri is located in Italy
Moncalieri
Moncalieri
Location of Moncalieri in Italy
Coordinates: 45°0′N 07°41′E / 45.000°N 7.683°E / 45.000; 7.683Coordinates: 45°0′N 07°41′E / 45.000°N 7.683°E / 45.000; 7.683
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Turin (TO)
Frazioni Barauda, Boccia d'Oro, Borgata Palera, Borgata Santa Maria, Borgo Aje, Borgo Mercato, Borgo Navile, Borgo San Pietro, Borgo Vittoria, La Gorra, La Rotta, Moriondo, Revigliasco, Rossi, San Bartolomeo, Sanda-Vadò, Tagliaferro, Testona, Tetti Piatti, Tetti Rolle, Tetti Sapini, Zona Carpice, Zona Nasi
Government
 • Mayor Roberta Meo (PD)
Area
 • Total 47.63 km2 (18.39 sq mi)
Elevation 260 m (850 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 • Total 58,005
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Demonym Moncalieresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 10024
Dialing code 011
Patron saint Beato Bernardo
Saint day July 15
Website Official website

Moncalieri is a town and comune of approximately 58,000 inhabitants about 8 kilometres (5 mi) directly south of downtown Turin (to whose province it belongs), in Piedmont, Italy. It is notable for its castle, built in the 12th century and enlarged in the 15th century, which later became the favorite residence of Maria Clotilde and Victor Emmanuel II of Italy. It is part of the World Heritage Site Residences of the Royal House of Savoy.

History[edit]

Moncalieri was founded in 1228 by some inhabitants of Testona (now a frazione of the comune of Moncalieri) as a refuge from the assaults from Chieri. The easy access to the Po River and the bridge (a Templar possession for a long time) that it commanded granted a certain flourishing to the city, which became a free comune and housed a number of monastic institutions.

In the 17th century it was acquired by the House of Savoy, whose members often lived in their castle here during the summer. During the unification of Italy it was the site of the famous Proclamation of Moncalieri. Having maintained its tradition as a summer resort, today Moncalieri is also home to many high technology companies.

Main sights[edit]

Moncalieri castle.

The castle is one of the Savoy Residences listed as a World Heritage Site. It hosts since 1919 a prestigious carabinieri school.

Close to the castle, the descending square of Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II was in the past the major centre for the Moncalieri activities. Its cobbled pavement was built back in 1825, and a sculpture-fountain of Neptune (Il Saturnio) can be found in the top part of it. For aesthetic as well as practical reasons, the Neptune fountain was several times moved back and forth. A small passage connects this square to the prestigious Real Collegio Carlo Alberto, school aimed for aristocratic descendants. Nowadays, the Collegio Carlo Alberto is managed by a joint initiative of the Compagnia di San Paolo and the University of Turin; their mission is to foster research and teaching in law, economics, finance and political science.

The Gothic church of Santa Maria della Scala houses the remains of the local patron. Other churches of interest are the later San Francesco, Sant'Egidio and the Chiesa del Gesù.

Culture[edit]

Moncalieri is devoted to Beato Bernardo: around the day dedicated to him (July 12), a historical reconstruction of his arrival in Moncalieri from Baden Baden in 1458 is held.

Libraries and Research Centers

  • Biblioteca Europea di Cultura "Victor Del Litto"
  • C.I.R.V.I. (Centro Interuniversitario di Ricerche sul Viaggio in Italia)

Notable natives[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Moncalieri is twinned with:

External links[edit]

Media related to Moncalieri at Wikimedia Commons