Füssen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Füssen
Aerial view of Füssen
Aerial view of Füssen
Coat of arms of Füssen
Coat of arms
Füssen  is located in Germany
Füssen
Füssen
Coordinates: 47°34′N 10°42′E / 47.567°N 10.700°E / 47.567; 10.700Coordinates: 47°34′N 10°42′E / 47.567°N 10.700°E / 47.567; 10.700
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Admin. region Schwaben
District Ostallgäu
Government
 • Mayor Paul Iacob (SPD)
Area
 • Total 43.52 km2 (16.80 sq mi)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 14,512
 • Density 330/km2 (860/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 87629
Dialling codes 08362
Vehicle registration OAL, FÜS, MOD

Füssen is a town in Bavaria, Germany, in the district of Ostallgäu, situated 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) north from the Austrian border. It has a population of 14,512. The town is known for its violinmaking industry.

History[edit]

Füssen was settled in Roman times, on the Via Claudia Augusta, a road that leads southwards to northern Italy and northwards to Augusta Vindelicum (today's Augsburg), the former regional capital of the Roman province Raetia. The original name of Füssen was "Foetes", or "Foetibus" (inflected), which derives from Latin "Fauces", meaning "gorge", probably referring to the Lech gorge. In Late Antiquity Füssen was the home of a part of the Legio III Italica, which was stationed there to guard the important trade route over the Alps.

Füssen later became the site of the "Hohes Schloss" (High Castle), the former summer residence of the prince bishops of Augsburg. Below the Hohes Schloss is the Baroque complex of the former Benedictine monastery of St. Mang, whose history goes back to the 9th century. Füssen has Saint Mang (Magnus of Füssen) as its patron saint. His original burial place was in the small chapel he built. His bones were transferred to the crypt of the church built in 850. Around the year 1100 all his bones disappeared.[citation needed]

17th century engraving by Matthäus Merian, depicting Füssen

.

In 1745, the Treaty of Füssen was signed between the Electorate of Bavaria and Habsburg Austria, ending Bavaria's participation in the War of the Austrian Succession.

During the 19th century, composer Richard Wagner used to come to Füssen by railway when he visited King Ludwig II of Bavaria.[citation needed]

Recent history[edit]

Under the Nazi Party, Füssen was within the administrative division of Gau Swabia. During World War II, a sub-camp of the Dachau concentration camp was located in the town.[2]

Since the 1950s the town has been familiar to travellers as the southern terminus of the Romantic Road.

The Likatier tribe, an Intentional community, was founded in Füssen in 1974.[3] Füssen was host to the 1988 World Junior Curling Championships.

Geography[edit]

Lech Falls in 1857.

Füssen is located on the banks of the Lech River, which flows into the Forggensee. The Forggensee is a man-made lake which was built to prevent flooding.[citation needed] It is the catchment area for all the melting snow in the spring, and is drained after the middle of October.

Füssen is the highest town in Bavaria,[citation needed] 808 meters (2,651 ft) above sea level). The castles of Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau are located near the town.

St. Mang Basilica

.

St Mang's Basilica and former monastery viewed from the bridge over the River Lech
The Forggensee with Füssen in the distance,
Füssen and the Lech River.
Lech Falls.

Attractions[edit]

The High Castle houses a branch gallery of the Bavarian State Collections of Paintings, which focuses on late Gothic and Renaissance works of art.[citation needed]

The oldest fresco in Germany can be found in the crypt of St Mang's Basilica.[citation needed] It dates back to about the year 980.

St Mang's Feast Day (6 September) is commemorated with a Holy Mass followed by a procession by torchlight through the old part of the city. During the week of the Saint's Feast a special 'Magnus Wine' is sold, with only 500 bottles produced.[citation needed]

Known beyond Füssen is the success of EV Füssen, the local Oberliga ice hockey club.

Local media[edit]

The local newspaper for Füssen is the Allgäuer Zeitung, printed daily except Sundays and on Holy Days of Obligation. It contains a special section with news from Füssen and the surrounding towns and villages called the Füssener Blatt.

Mass media appearances[edit]

Scenes from the 1963 movie The Great Escape, including Steve McQueen's motorcycle stunts, were filmed in and around the town.[citation needed]

A farm in Füssen was a leg in The Amazing Race 3.

Notable residents[edit]

Twinned towns[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). 31 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "List of subcamps of Dachau". Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Chronologie" (in German). likatien.de. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Feistle: Materialien zur Geschichte der Stadt Füssen, Füssen, 1861.
  • Wüst, Wolfgang: "Füssen", in: Werner Paravicini, ed.: Höfe und Residenzen im spätmittelalterlichen Reich: ein dynastisch-topographisches Handbuch, 2 Teilbde (1: Dynastien und Höfe, 2: Residenzen) (Residenzenforschung 15 I/ 1,2) Ostfildern 2003, Bd. 1, pp. 204–205

External links[edit]

Media related to Füssen at Wikimedia Commons