Ferrari 250 GT SWB Breadvan

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Ferrari 250 GT SWB Breadvan (2819GT)
1961 Ferrari 250GT SWB 'Breadvan'.jpg
Category GT coupe
Designer(s) Giotto Bizzarrini and Giovanni Volpi
Technical specifications[1][2]
Chassis Ferrari type 539 (250 GT SWB 1961) chassis
Wheelbase 2,400 mm (94.5 in)
Engine Ferrari 250 Tipo 168 Comp./61 3 litre V12 NA Front-mounted
Transmission 250 SWB four-speed
Weight 935 kg (2,061.3 lb) (at 1962 24 Hours of Le Mans)
Tyres Dunlop Racing 600 L 15 & 650 L 15
Competition history
Notable entrants Italy Scuderia Serenissima
Notable drivers Belgium Olivier Gendebien
Belgium Lucien Bianchi
France Maurice Trintignant
Italy Nino Vaccarella
Italy Carlo Maria Abate
United Kingdom Colin Davis
Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti
Edgardo Mungo
Debut 1961 Tour de France Automobile with original berlinetta body
Races Wins Poles Fastest laps
6 2 GT Class N/A N/A
Ferrari 250 GT SWB Breadvan at Goodwood Festival of Speed 2009

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The Ferrari 250 GT SWB Breadvan, also known as La Camionette, is a one-off Ferrari made in 1962 from a 1961 Ferrari 250 GT SWB, chassis number 2819 GT. It was built to compete against the new 1962 Ferrari 250 GTO at the 24 Hours of Le Mans and other FIA World Sportscar Championship races.

Development[edit]

In 1962, the engineer Giotto Bizzarrini was hired by Count Giovanni Volpi, owner of the Scuderia Serenissima racing team, to upgrade a Ferrari 250 GT SWB so it would be competitive with the then-new Ferrari 250 GTO. Enzo Ferrari had refused to sell any GTOs to Count Volpi, due to Volpi's hiring of former Ferrari employees at ATS.[3][1]

The donor car for this project was a 250 GT SWB Competition, serial number 2819 GT. This car had previously competed in the 1961 Tour de France, where it took 2nd place overall driven by Olivier Gendebien and Lucien Bianchi.[4] The car was sold by Gendebien to Volpi shortly afterward for use with Scuderia Serenissima. As with other competition-spec SWBs, this car had a lightweight body and chassis, minimal trim, and a more powerful 286 bhp Tipo 168 engine with Testarossa-type heads.[2][1]

Bizzarrini applied all the ideas he had developed working on the GTO and together with the car body specialist Piero Drogo developed an aerodynamically advanced body, even lower than GTO, with the roof line dramatically extended to the rear end following Kamm aerodynamic theory. The resulting shooting-brake appearance led to the French press nicknaming it "La Camionette" (little truck), while the English-speaking journalists called it the "Breadvan."[3][1]

Bizzarrini moved the engine and radiator further back to the center of the chassis than the GTO, and lowered it by fitting a dry sump system. The original three 46 DCN Weber carburetors were replaced with six twin choke 38 DCN Webers. The original 4-speed gearbox was retained. Giorgio Neri and Lucciano Bonacini of Modena were contracted to perform all the mechanical modifications and race preparation. The resulting car was significantly lighter than the GTO, at 935 kg compared to the typical GTO weight of 1,000 kg.[1]

The car was completed in 14 days.[citation needed]

Competition history[edit]

The rebodied Breadvan made its competition debut at the 1962 24 Hours of Le Mans. It quickly passed all Ferrari GTOs and was 7th overall during the 4th hour when a driveshaft failure caused its retirement. Results at other races proved the design's effectiveness, as the car won the GT class in two races during the 1962 season. The car's last race in period was at the Coppa Gallenga Hillclimb in 1965, however since 1973 it has appeared regularly at historic races worldwide, including events such as the Monterey Historic Automobile Races, the Goodwood Festival of Speed and the Tour Auto.[1][5]

Complete race results 1961-1965[1][4][6]
Date Race Circuit Team Driver(s) Result Notes
September
14-23
1961
Tour de France Tour de France BelgiumEcurie Francorchamps BelgiumOlivier Gendebien
ItalyLucien Bianchi
2nd GT
2nd OA
with original 250 GT SWB body
October 22
1961
1000 km de Paris Montlhéry ItalyScuderia Serenissima FranceMaurice Trintignant
ItalyNino Vaccarella
3rd GT
3rd OA
with original 250 GT SWB body
June 23–24
1962
24 Hours of Le Mans Circuit de la Sarthe ItalyScuderia Serenissima ItalyCarlo Maria Abate
United KingdomColin Davis
DNF First race as Breadvan, was running 7th overall when drive shaft failed in 4th hour
August 6
1962
Guards Trophy Brands Hatch ItalyScuderia Serenissima ItalyCarlo Maria Abate
United KingdomColin Davis
1st GT
4th OA
August 26
1962
Ollon-Villars Hillclimb Ollon-Villars ItalyScuderia Serenissima ItalyCarlo Maria Abate 1st GT
4th OA
Set new GT course record of 4m 47.3s at 100.243 km/h
October 21
1962
1000 km de Paris Montlhéry ItalyScuderia Serenissima United KingdomColin Davis
ItalyLudovico Scarfiotti
3rd GT
3rd OA
November 11
1962
Puerto Rican GP Caguas, Puerto Rico ItalyScuderia Serenissima ArgentinaJuan Manuel Bordeu DNS Entry withdrawn after death of Ricardo Rodríguez at the Mexican GP
March 28
1965
Coppa Gallenga Hillclimb Castel Gandolfo Unknown Edgardo Mungo 9th OA Car painted silver

Influence[edit]

The 250 GT SWB Breadvan's unusual but effective aerodynamics proved the Kamm tail design that would be used on many other racing cars, including the Ford J-car and the Alfa Romeo Giulia TZ.

Following the success of the Breadvan, two additional 250 GT SWB cars (S/N 2053 GT and 2735 GT) were modified for privateer drivers by Bizzarrini, Drogo, Neri and Bonacini, distinctively bodied with similar shapes. A third modified Ferrari was planned but not completed.[7][8][9] An Iso Rivolta, chassis number IR460368, was also rebodied by Drogo in a similar style to 2819 GT.[10]

Similar shooting brake designs were used on later Ferrari concept cars and production cars such as the 456 GT Venice and the Ferrari FF.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Boe, Alan; Sonnery, Marc; Volpi Di Misurata, Count Giovanni; Merritt, Richard (June–July 2003), "Breadvan", Cavallino (135): 40–58 
  2. ^ a b Goodfellow, Winston (Feb 2007), "Flour Power", Forza (75): 50–55 
  3. ^ a b "Nachtschicht im Schloss: A report on a concours d'elegance at Schloss Bensberg". Auto Motor u. Sport (in German). Heft 25 2010: Seite 39. 18 November 2010. 
  4. ^ a b 250 GT SWB Breadvan s/n 2819GT, Barchetta.cc, retrieved 3 May 2014 
  5. ^ Legendary Breadvan Revisits Legendary Race, Cavallino, 28 April 2014, retrieved 4 May 2014 
  6. ^ All Results of Chassis 2819GT [250GT], retrieved 4 May 2014 
  7. ^ Pourret, Jess G. (1987), Ferrari 250 GT Competition Cars, Sparkford: Haynes, pp. 182–194, ISBN 0-85429-556-9 
  8. ^ 250 GT SWB s/n 2735GT, Barchetta.cc, retrieved 3 May 2014 
  9. ^ 250 GT s/n 2053GT, Barchetta.cc, retrieved 3 May 2014 
  10. ^ 1965 Iso Rivolta Breadvan, Silverstone Auctions, retrieved 3 May 2014 

Further reading[edit]

  • Sonnery, Marc; Bluemel, Keith (2009), Rebel Rebel: Breadvan: The Most Recognizable Ferrari in the World, Parker House Publishing Inc., ISBN 978-0981727073 

External links[edit]