Finnish parliamentary election, 1991

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Parliamentary elections were held in Finland on 17 March 1991, the first time a Finnish parliamentary election had been held on a single day.[1] For the first time since 1962 the Social Democratic Party was displaced as the largest party in the Eduskunta, with the Centre Party winning 55 seats and forming the first centre-right government since 1964,[2] with Esko Aho as Prime Minister.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Centre Party 676,717 24.8 55 +15
Social Democratic Party 603,080 22.1 48 –8
National Coalition Party 526,487 19.3 40 –13
Left Alliance 274,639 10.1 19 –1
Green League 185,894 6.8 10 +6
Swedish People's Party 149,476 5.5 11 –1
Finnish Rural Party 132,133 4.8 7 –2
Finnish Christian League 83,151 3.1 8 +3
Liberal People's Party 21,210 0.8 1 +1
Women's Party 12,725 0.5 0 New
Pensioners' Party 10,762 0.4 0 0
Åland Coalition 9,344 0.3 1 0
Constitutional Right Party 7,599 0.3 0 0
Communist Workers' Party – For Peace and Socialism 6,201 0.2 0 New
Independent Non-aligned Pensioners 5,230 0.2 0 New
Greens 3,835 0.1 0
Humanity Party 2,831 0.1 0 New
Joint Responsibility Party of Pensioners and the Greens 2,807 0.1 0 New
Others 11,797 0.4 0
Invalid/blank votes 51,066
Total 2,776,984 100 200 0
Registered voters/turnout 4,060,778 68.4
Source: Tilastokeskus[3]

Aftermath[edit]

The new government would not have an easy time governing the country. The fall of the Soviet Union caused a collapse in trade with the east, which together with a worldwide recession, caused major economic problems including high unemployment and ballooning budget deficits. In response, the government adopted strict austerity measures, such as cuts in public spending, the unpopularity of which led to the government's defeat in the 1995 elections.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p606 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Paavo Väyrynen (1993) It Is Time for the Truth 2: Facts and Memories About Mauno Koivisto's Finland, WSOY
  3. ^ Eduskuntavaalit 1927–2003 Tilastokeskus 2004