|Country of origin||Italy|
|Source of milk||Cows|
|Certification||EU: PDO 1996|
Fontina (French: Fontine) is an Italian cow's milk cheese. Although made throughout the year, the best cheese is obtained during the summer when the cows are moved to an altitude of 1,800 to 2,300 meters and fed only with rich grass to give it a distinctive aromatic aroma. Fontina has PDO status under European law.
Fontina cheese has been made in the Aosta Valley, in the Alps since the 12th century. It has a milk fat content of around 45%. It can be identified by a Consorzio (Consortium) stamp of the Matterhorn including the script "FONTINA".
As with many original varieties, the name "Fontina" has been imposed upon by such derivatives as "Fontinella", "Fontal", and "Fontella". Although the version from Aosta is the original and the most famous, Fontina production occurs in other parts of Italy, as well as Denmark, Sweden, Quebec, France and the United States.
The original Fontina cheese from Italy is fairly pungent and has quite an intense flavor, although cheeses labeled Fontina that are produced in other countries can be much milder. The Swedish and Danish versions are often found in US grocery stores, and can be distinguished from Italian Fontina by their red wax rind. Italian Fontina has a natural rind due to aging, which is usually tan to orange-brown.
Young Fontina has a softer texture (and can be suitable for fondue). Fonduta alla valdostana (Italian) or Fondue à la valdôtaine is a traditional dish of Fontina whipped with milk, eggs and truffles. Mature Fontina is a hard cheese. Fontina has a mild, somewhat nutty flavor, while rich, herbaceous and fruity. It melts well.
Fontina produced in the Aosta Valley must be made from unpasteurized milk from a single milking, with two batches being made per day. It is noted for its earthy, mushroomy, and woody taste, and pairs exceedingly well with roast meats and truffles.
- Dicitonnaire Larousse
- Ehlers, Steve; Hurt, Jeanette (1 April 2008). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Cheeses of the World. DK Publishing. p. 66. ISBN 978-1-4406-3618-9.
- Heimowitz, Colette (13 March 2012). The New Atkins for a New You Breakfast and Brunch Dishes. Simon and Schuster. p. 180. ISBN 978-1-4516-8972-3.
- 'The history', Cooperativa Produttori Latte e Fontina (2006).
- Fontina on Cheese.com
- See 1 and 2.
- Rubino, R.; Sardo, P.; Surrusca, A. (eds.). Italian Cheese: 293 Traditional Types. ISBN 88-8499-111-0
- Artisanal Premium Cheese
- The Milk and Fontina Producers Co-Operative (Italian) (French) (English)