Frederic Thesiger, 1st Baron Chelmsford

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For other people named Frederic Thesiger, see Frederic Thesiger (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
The Lord Chelmsford
PC, KC, FRS
1st Lord Chelmsford.jpg
Lord Chelmsford, stipple engraving by
D. J. Pound c. 1859
Lord Chancellor
In office
26 February 1858 – 11 June 1859
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Derby
Preceded by The Lord Cranworth
Succeeded by The Lord Campbell
In office
6 July 1866 – 29 February 1868
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Derby
Preceded by The Lord Cranworth
Succeeded by The Lord Cairns
Personal details
Born 25 April 1794 (1794-04-25)
London
Died 5 October 1878(1878-10-05) (aged 84)
London
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Anna Maria Tinling
(1799-1875)
Alma mater None

Frederic Thesiger, 1st Baron Chelmsford PC KC FRS (25 April 1794 – 5 October 1878) was a British jurist and Conservative politician. He was twice Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.

Early life[edit]

Born in London, Thesiger was the third son of Charles Thesiger, collector of customs at St Vincent, West Indies, by his wife Mary Anne, daughter of Theophilus Williams. His paternal grandfather, John Andrew Thesiger, was born in Saxony but migrated to England and became secretary to Lord Rockingham. Thesiger's uncle Sir Frederic Thesiger was naval Aide-de-Camp to Lord Nelson at the Battle of Copenhagen in 1801.

Career[edit]

Thesiger was originally destined for a naval career, and he served as a midshipman on HMS Cambrian in 1807 at the second bombardment of Copenhagen. His only surviving brother died about this time, however, and he became entitled to succeed to a valuable estate in the West Indies. It was decided that he should leave the navy and study law with a view to practising in the West Indies and eventually managing his property in person. He proceeded to enter at Gray's Inn in 1813, and was called on 18 November 1818. He joined the home circuit, and soon got into good practice at the Surrey sessions, while he also made a fortunate purchase in buying the right to appear in the old palace court (see Lord Steward). Another change of fortune, however, awaited him, for a volcano destroyed the family estate, and he was thrown back upon his prospect of a legal practice in the West Indies.

In 1824, he distinguished himself by his defence of Joseph Hunt when on his trial at Hertford with John Thurtell for the murder of William Weare; and eight years later at Chelmsford assizes he won a hard-fought action in an ejectment case after three trials, to which he attributed so much of his subsequent success that when he was raised to the peerage he elected to be created Baron Chelmsford, of Chelmsford in the County of Essex. In 1834, he was made King's Counsel, and in 1835 was briefed in the Dublin election inquiry which unseated Daniel O'Connell. In 1840, he was elected M.P. for Woodstock. In 1844, he became Solicitor General, but having ceased to enjoy the favor of the Duke of Marlborough, lost his seat for Woodstock and had to find another at Abingdon. In 1845, he became Attorney-General, holding the post until the fall of the Peel government on 3 July 1846. Thus by three days Thesiger missed being chief justice of the common pleas, for on 6 July Sir Nicholas Tindal died, and the seat on the bench, which would have been Thesiger's as of right, fell to the Liberal attorney-general, Sir Thomas Wilde.

Thesiger remained in parliament, changing his seat, however, again in 1852, and becoming member for Stamford. During this period he enjoyed a very large practice at the bar, being instructed in many causes célèbres including the Swynfen will case and Cardinal Newman's criminal prosecution for his libel of Giacinto Achilli. On Lord Derby coming into office for the second time in 1858, Thesiger was raised straight from the bar to the lord chancellorship (as were Brougham and Vaux, Selborne and Halsbury). He served as Lord Chancellor again in Derby's 1866–67 government. In 1868. Lord Derby retired, and his successor, Benjamin Disraeli, wanted Lord Cairns as lord chancellor. Lord Chelmsford was very sore at his supersession and the manner of it, but according to Malmesbury he retired under a compact made before he took office.

Family[edit]

Lord Chelmsford married Anna Maria Tinling, daughter of William Tinling and Frances Pierson,[1] in 1822. They had four sons and three daughters. His eldest son, Frederic, who succeeded in the title, earned distinction as a soldier. Chelmsford's second son the Hon. Charles Wemyss Thesiger (1831–1903), was a Lieutenant-General in the Army. Chelmford's third son, the Hon. Alfred Henry Thesiger, was a Lord Justice of Appeal, but died aged 42. Lady Chelmsford died in April 1875, aged 75. Lord Chelmsford survived her by three years and died in London on 5 October 1878, aged 84. He is buried in Brompton Cemetery in London.[2] His daughter, Julia (1833–1904) was married to Sir John Eardley Inglis[3] who commanded the British forces during the Siege of Lucknow in 1857. She later wrote of her experiences during the siege including extracts from her diary.[4]

References[edit]

Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London
  1. ^ "Anna Maria Tinling". thepeerage.com. 4 February 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  2. ^ www.brompton.org
  3. ^ "Hon. Julia Selina Thesiger". thepeerage.com. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Inglis, Julia Selina (1892). "The Siege of Lucknow: a Diary". A Celebration of Woman Writers. James R. Osgood, McIlvaine & Co.,. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Marquess of Blandford
Member of Parliament for Woodstock
1840 – 1844
Succeeded by
Marquess of Blandford
Preceded by
Thomas Duffield
Member of Parliament for Abingdon
1844 – 1852
Succeeded by
James Caulfeild
Preceded by
Marquess of Granby
John Charles Herries
Member of Parliament for Stamford
1852 – 1858
With: John Charles Herries to 1853
Lord Robert Cecil from 1853
Succeeded by
John Inglis
Lord Robert Cecil
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir William Webb Follett
Solicitor General
1844–1845
Succeeded by
Sir Fitzroy Kelly
Preceded by
Sir William Webb Follett
Attorney General
1845–1846
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Wilde
Preceded by
Sir Alexander Cockburn
Attorney General
1852
Succeeded by
Sir Alexander Cockburn, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Cranworth
Lord Chancellor
1858–1859
Succeeded by
The Lord Campbell
Preceded by
The Lord Cranworth
Lord Chancellor
1866–1868
Succeeded by
The Lord Cairns
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Chelmsford
1858–1878
Succeeded by
Frederic Thesiger