French cruiser Suffren

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Suffren.
Suffren
Croiseur Suffren.jpg
The Suffren in Toulon, 21 September 1945.
Career (France)
Namesake: Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez
Builder: Arsenal de Brest
Laid down: 4 April 1926
Launched: 3 May 1927
Commissioned: 1 January 1930
Decommissioned: 1 October 1947
Renamed: Océan on 1 January 1963
Reclassified: School ship from 1963
Fate: Scrapped in 1972
General characteristics
Class & type: Suffren class cruiser
Displacement: 10,000 tonnes (standard)
12,780 tonnes (full load)
Length: 196 m (643 ft)
Beam: 20 m (66 ft)
Draught: 7.3 m (24 ft)
Propulsion: 3-shaft Rateau-Bretagne SR geared turbines, 9 Guyot boilers, 100,000 shp
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range: 4500 at 15 knots
Complement: 773
Armament: 8 203mm/50 Modèle 1924 guns (4 × 2)
8 90 mm (3.5 inch) 55-calibre anti-aircraft guns (8 × 1)
8 37 mm anti-aircraft guns (4 × 2)
12 13.2 mm AA (4 × 3)
6 550 mm (21.7 inch) torpedo tubes (2 × 3);
Armour: belt 60 millimetres;
deck 25 millimetres;
turrets and tower, 30 millimetres.
Aircraft carried: 2 Loire-Nieuport 130, 2 catapults

The Suffren was a heavy cruiser of the French Navy, the name ship of the four-ship Suffren class. Launched in 1927, she was named for the 18th-century French admiral Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez, becoming the sixth vessel to bear the name Suffren.

World War II[edit]

In early June 1940, at the outset of World War II, the cruisers Suffren, Duquesne, Tourville and Duguay-Trouin, along with three destroyers, operated against the Italian-occupied Dodecanese Islands. Later in that same month, Suffren participated in a joint operation with the Royal Navy - the last such operation before the French surrender to Nazi Germany on 22 June 1940.

Surrender[edit]

At the time of the French surrender, Suffren was stationed in Alexandria, Egypt, with other French warships. In contrast to the violent confrontation that took place at the same time at Mers-el-Kébir, Algeria, the Suffren surrendered peacefully after the British admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham and the French admiral René-Émile Godfroy reached an agreement. The ship was disarmed and interned by the British on 3 July 1940.

Allied career[edit]

Suffren rejoined the Allied cause and was rearmed on 30 May 1943. On 17 July 1943, Suffren rescued survivors of the vessel City of Canton, which was torpedoed off Beira, Mozambique.

Postwar service[edit]

Suffren reentered service with the French Navy after World War II. She was alleged to have participated in the bombing of the Vietnamese port of Haiphong on 23 November 1946, an event that caused over two thousand casualties and contributed to the start of the First Indochina War.[1]

On 1 October 1947, after almost twenty years of service, Suffren was decommissioned, and was used as a hulk in Toulon. She was renamed Océan in 1963, and was ultimately broken up in 1974.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (French) Maurice Vaïsse, L'Armée française dans la guerre d'Indochine (1946-1954) : Adaptation ou inadaptation, 2000, p. 276

External links[edit]