French cruiser Suffren
The Suffren in Toulon, 21 September 1945.
|Namesake:||Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez|
|Builder:||Arsenal de Brest|
|Laid down:||4 April 1926|
|Launched:||3 May 1927|
|Commissioned:||1 January 1930|
|Decommissioned:||1 October 1947|
|Renamed:||Océan on 1 January 1963|
|Reclassified:||School ship from 1963|
|Fate:||Scrapped in 1972|
|Class & type:||Suffren class cruiser|
|Displacement:||10,000 tonnes (standard)
12,780 tonnes (full load)
|Propulsion:||3-shaft Rateau-Bretagne SR geared turbines, 9 Guyot boilers, 100,000 shp|
|Range:||4500 at 15 knots|
|Armament:||8 203mm/50 Modèle 1924 guns (4 × 2)
8 90 mm (3.5 inch) 55-calibre anti-aircraft guns (8 × 1)
8 37 mm anti-aircraft guns (4 × 2)
12 13.2 mm AA (4 × 3)
6 550 mm (21.7 inch) torpedo tubes (2 × 3);
|Armour:||belt 60 millimetres;
deck 25 millimetres;
turrets and tower, 30 millimetres.
|Aircraft carried:||2 Loire-Nieuport 130, 2 catapults|
The Suffren was a heavy cruiser of the French Navy, the name ship of the four-ship Suffren class. Launched in 1927, she was named for the 18th-century French admiral Pierre André de Suffren de Saint Tropez, becoming the sixth vessel to bear the name Suffren.
World War II
In early June 1940, at the outset of World War II, the cruisers Suffren, Duquesne, Tourville and Duguay-Trouin, along with three destroyers, operated against the Italian-occupied Dodecanese Islands. Later in that same month, Suffren participated in a joint operation with the Royal Navy - the last such operation before the French surrender to Nazi Germany on 22 June 1940.
At the time of the French surrender, Suffren was stationed in Alexandria, Egypt, with other French warships. In contrast to the violent confrontation that took place at the same time at Mers-el-Kébir, Algeria, the Suffren surrendered peacefully after the British admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham and the French admiral René-Émile Godfroy reached an agreement. The ship was disarmed and interned by the British on 3 July 1940.
Suffren reentered service with the French Navy after World War II. She was alleged to have participated in the bombing of the Vietnamese port of Haiphong on 23 November 1946, an event that caused over two thousand casualties and contributed to the start of the First Indochina War.
On 1 October 1947, after almost twenty years of service, Suffren was decommissioned, and was used as a hulk in Toulon. She was renamed Océan in 1963, and was ultimately broken up in 1974.
- (French) Maurice Vaïsse, L'Armée française dans la guerre d'Indochine (1946-1954) : Adaptation ou inadaptation, 2000, p. 276
- Suffren on uboat.net