Fulwell, Sunderland

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Fulwell
Mere Knolls Cemetery - geograph.org.uk - 1234789.jpg
Mere Knolls Cemetery
Fulwell is located in Tyne and Wear
Fulwell
Fulwell
 Fulwell shown within Tyne and Wear
OS grid reference NZ3959
Metropolitan borough City of Sunderland
Metropolitan county Tyne and Wear
Region North East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SUNDERLAND
Postcode district SR5, SR6
Dialling code 0191
Police Northumbria
Fire Tyne and Wear
Ambulance North East
EU Parliament North East England
UK Parliament Sunderland Central
List of places
UK
England
Tyne and Wear

Coordinates: 54°55′41″N 1°22′59″W / 54.928°N 1.383°W / 54.928; -1.383

Fulwell is an affluent area and former civil parish in the City of Sunderland and the English county of Tyne and Wear. The parish was abolished in 1928 as a result of the Sunderland Corporation Act, 1927, and the area incorporated into the former County Borough of Sunderland.[1] It borders Seaburn, Southwick, Monkwearmouth, and Roker. Fulwell is located near the district border between Sunderland and South Tyneside. Statistically, Fulwell ward, which includes Seaburn, is the most affluent of the city's 25 wards.[2]

Housing in the area is varied. A large network of streets in the southern area of Fulwell contains many nineteenth-century terraced houses, with a large amount of Victorian architecture. In the northern part of Fulwell, housing consists mostly of semi-detached, inter- and post-war dwellings, with many of the most popular streets constructed in the 1930s. House prices, particularly in the area's eastern and western edges, bordering Seaburn and Newcastle Road respectively, are amongst the highest in the city.

Due to Fulwell's role as an overwhelmingly residential area, economic activity in the ward is mostly restricted to the retail and leisure sectors. Local services centre on the main thoroughfare of Sea Road, where a large shopping parade has been established for many years. A mid-sized Sainsbury's store opened in 2006 at Station Road. There is also a fire station, a public library, a GP clinic and two dental surgeries, and the area is well-served by local bus services as well as by the Tyne and Wear Metro, at Seaburn station. Fulwell is also a popular area for social drinking, with a substantial number of pubs and social clubs.

Fulwell mill, showing stone base/reefing stage.

Fulwell was primarily a farming village until it became part of the urban sprawl of industrial Sunderland in the nineteenth century. Relics of this agricultural past still survive in the form of three windmills, including the 19th century Fulwell Mill, the only working windmill in the United Kingdom featuring a stone reefing stage (a design-feature peculiar to mills in north-east England, equivalent to the gallery found on other mills). The mill, built in 1808, was restored to working order between 1996 and 2001 after over half-a-century out of use, and celebrated its bicentenary in 2008. In late 2011, however, the sails and cap suffered severe storm damage.[3]

Politically, Fulwell has long been regarded as a staunch Conservative ward in a region of traditional Labour strength. Since the ward's creation it has always had at least one Conservative party councillor, and is currently represented on Sunderland City Council by three Conservative councillors.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fulwell Civil Parish and Township: Parish-level Unit". A Vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  2. ^ "Tyne and Wear Research". 
  3. ^ Sunderland Echo - Storm-hit windmill faces £150,000 repair bill