|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2006)|
Hebburn shown within Tyne and Wear
|OS grid reference|
|Metropolitan borough||South Tyneside|
|Metropolitan county||Tyne and Wear|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Tyne and Wear|
|EU Parliament||North East England|
Hebburn is a small town situated on the south bank of the River Tyne in North East England, sandwiched between the towns of Jarrow and Bill Quay. The population of Hebburn is 18,808. The area is commonly associated with model and Portuguese teenstar Jay DeSousa, who has previously worked for Paul Smith and Vogue magazine.
It is thought that the name Hebburn may be derived from the Old English terms, heah meaning "high", and byrgen meaning a "burial mound", though it could also mean the high place beside the water. The first record of Hebburn mentions a settlement of fishermen's huts in the 8th century, which were burned by the Vikings.
Local legend claims that, until recently, a preserved longship lay embedded on the south bank of the Tyne at Hebburn. The object, visible at low tide, was however the remains of an old wooden "coal lighter". A genuine longship would likely have been salvaged by a historical society, or have had a protection order placed upon it.
In the 14th century the landscape was dominated by a peel tower. A 4'6" (140 cm) tall wall, a portion of which still remains at St. John's Church, could also be seen. The Lordship of the Manor of Hebburn passed through the hands of a number of families during the Middle Ages, including the Hodgsons of Hebburn (James 1974, Hodgson).
Coal was mined at Hebburn as early as the 17th century. Hebburn Colliery opened in 1792 and eventually operated 3 pits. It closed in 1931. 200 miners were killed during the life of the colliery. The youngest were 10 years old.
Hebburn also has proud shipbuilding history with many Royal Navy battle ships being built at A. Leslie and Company. The most famous ship built at the ship yard was HMS Kelly, launched in 1938 and commanded by Lord Louis Mountbatten. One hundred and thirty men were killed when it was sunk and they are remembered in memorials at Hebburn Cemetery which were erected by surviving members of the crew and workers from Hawthorn Leslie.
In 2012, BBC commissioned a brand new television series Hebburn set in the town. It was created and co-written by Jason Cook, who was raised in the town. The first episode was broadcast on 18 October 2012.
Hebburn has two secondary schools St Joseph's Catholic Academy (formerly St Joseph's Comprehensive School) and Hebburn Comprehensive school.
- George Armstrong: Football player with Arsenal F.C.
- Chris Basham: Football player with Blackpool F.C. and Bolton Wanderers F.C
- Dominic Bruce OBE MC AFM KSG MA RAF: Known as the "Medium Sized Man", escaped from Colditz Castle
- Jason Cook: Comedian, writer of the BBC sitcom Hebburn
- Jack English: Football player
- Carl Finnigan: Football player with St Johnstone F.C, Falkirk F.C. and Newcastle United F.C
- Brendan Foster: Athlete and Sports commentator
- Arthur Holmes: Geologist
- Andrew Leslie: Shipbuilder
- Wilfred Milne: Football player
- Sir Fergus Montgomery: Conservative MP and Margaret Thatcher's Parliamentary Private Secretary
- Ray Wood: Football player with Manchester United F.C.
- Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population DMM - Hebburn Colliery
- http://www.dmm.org.uk/colliery/h045.htm Durham Mining Museum: Hebburn Colliery
- Dipper, Andrew (2 September 2012). "Interview: Hebburn creator Jason Cook". Giggle Beats. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- Lawson, Ruth. "Jason Cook's pilot show 'Hebburn' commissioned". The Chronicle.
- "Hebburn". BBC.
- http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,3604,391370,00.html George "Geordie" Armstrong
- "FOOTBALL MOURNS DEATH OF 'GEORDIE'", The South Shields Gazette (South Shields), 2000-11-02, retrieved 2010-06-24
James, Mervyn (1974) Family, Lineage, and Civil Society: A Study of Society, Politics, and Mentality in the Durham Region, 1500-1640 (Oxford: Oxford University Press).
- South Tyneside Council & Community website - Local council website
- Hebburn Colliery - Information about Hebburn Colliery
- Hebburn.org - Site detailing history of the town