Gaius Iulius Iullus

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Gaius Iulius Iullus was a name used by Roman men of the Iullus branch of the gens Iulia, which was older than the more famous Caesar branch to which Julius Caesar belonged.[1] Five were consuls and one was dictator.

Gaius Iulius Iullus (consul 489 BC)[edit]

Gaius Iulius L.f. Iullus, consul in 489 BC with Publius Pinarius Mamercinus Rufus, in whose consulship the Volscians under Coriolanus commenced war against Rome.[2] Livy omits the consuls of this year altogether.

Gaius Iulius Iullus (consul 482 BC)[edit]

Gaius Iulius Iullus or Gaius Iulius C.f. L.n. Iulus (fl. 5th century BC) was a Roman consul in 482 BC, son of Gaius Iulius Iullus (consul in 489 BC).

His colleague was Quintus Fabius Vibulanus (consul in 485 BC). He was elected to the office in consequence of an agreement between the two parties in the state, who, after the most violent opposition in the consular comitia, had at length consented that Iulius should be chosen as the popular and Fabius as the aristocratical candidate. Such is the account of Dionysius, but Livy merely says that the discord in the state was as violent this year as previously. The consuls marched against the Veientes, but as the enemy did not appear in the field, they returned to Rome, after only laying waste the Veientine territory.[3]

Later he was a member of the first decemvirate in 451 BC and it is recorded as an instance of the moderation of the first decemvirs, that, though there was no appeal from their sentence, Iulius, notwithstanding, accused before the people in the comitia centuriata P. Sestius, a man of patrician rank, in whose house the corpse of a murdered person had been found, when he might have himself passed sentence upon the criminal.[4] Iulius is again mentioned in 449 BC, as one of the three consular who were sent by senate to the plebeians when they had risen in arms against the second decemvirate and were encamped upon the Aventine.[5]

Preceded by
Marcus Fabius Vibulanus and Lucius Valerius Potitus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Fabius Vibulanus
482 BC
Succeeded by
Kaeso Fabius Vibulanus and Spurius Furius Medullinus Fusus

Gaius Iulius Iullus (consul 447 BC)[edit]

Gaius Iulius C.f. C.n. Iullus, son of consul 482 BC, was consul in 447 BC, with Manius Geganius Macerinus, and again in 435 BC, with Lucius Verginius Tricostus. In the latter year Rome was visited with such grievous pestilence, that not only were the Romans unable to march out of their own territory to devastate the enemy's, but even offered no opposition to the Fidenates and Veientes, who advanced almost up to the Colline gate. While Iulius manned the walls, his colleague consulted the senate and eventually named a dictator.[6] According to Licinius Macer, Iulius was elected consul for the third time in the following year, with his colleague of the preceding. Other accounts mentioned other persons as the consuls; and others again gave consular tribunes this year.[7]

Gaius Iulius Iullus (consular tribune 408 BC)[edit]

Gaius Iulius L.f. Vop.n. Iullus, grandson of consul 482 BC, was consular tribune in 408 BC with two colleagues and again in 405 BC with five colleagues. In the former year he and his colleague Cornelius Cossus vehemently opposed the nomination of a dictator; and in the latter year he took part with his colleagues in the commencement of the siege of Veii.[8] He was censor in 393 BC and died in his year of office.[9]

Gaius Iulius Iullus (dictator 352 BC)[edit]

Gaius Iulius Iullus was nominated dictator in 352 BC, under pretense of an apprehended war with the Etruscans, but in reality to carry the election of two patricians in the consular comitia in violation of the Licinian law.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ernst Badian, "From the Iulii to Caesar," in A Companion to Julius Caesar (Blackwell, 2009), pp. 13–14.
  2. ^ Dionys. viii. 1.
  3. ^ Dionys. viii. 90, 91; Liv. ii. 43
  4. ^ Liv. iii. 33; Cic. de Rep. ii. 36; Dionys. x. 56; Diod. xii. 23)
  5. ^ Liv. iii. 50; Ascon. in Cic. Cornel. p. 77, ed. Baiter.)
  6. ^ Liv. iii. 65, iv. 21; Diod. xii. 29,49.
  7. ^ Liv. iv. 23
  8. ^ Liv. iv. 56, 61; Diod. xiii. 104, xiv. 17.
  9. ^ Liv. v. 31, ix. 34; Plut. Camill. 14.
  10. ^ Liv. vii. 21.
Preceded by
Marcus Fabius Vibulanus and Lucius Valerius Potitus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Fabius Vibulanus
482 BC
Succeeded by
Kaeso Fabius Vibulanus and Spurius Furius Medullinus Fusus

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.