Galil ACE

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Galil ACE
ACE32.JPG
Type
Place of origin  Israel
Service history
In service Present
Used by See Users
Wars Colombian armed conflict
Mexican drug war
Production history
Manufacturer

Israel Weapons Industries

Also produced under IWI license by:

Variants ACE 21, ACE 22, ACE 23
Specifications
Weight 2.80 kg (6.2 lb) (ACE 21)
3.30 kg (7.3 lb) (ACE 22)
3.44 kg (7.6 lb) (ACE 23)
Length 730 mm (29 in) / 650 mm (26 in) collapsed (ACE 21)
847 mm (33.3 in) / 767 mm (30.2 in) collapsed (ACE 22)
975 mm (38.4 in) / 895 mm (35.2 in) collapsed (ACE 23)
Barrel length 215 mm (8.5 in) (ACE 21[1])
332 mm (13.1 in) (ACE 22[1])
460 mm (18 in) (ACE 23[1])

Cartridge 5.56x45mm NATO (ACE 21, 22, 23)
7.62x51mm NATO (ACE 52, 53)
7.62x39 mm (ACE 31, 32)
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire 700 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity 710 m/s (2,300 ft/s) (ACE 21)
850 m/s (2,800 ft/s) (ACE 22)
915 m/s (3,000 ft/s) (ACE 23)
Effective firing range 300 to 500 m

The Galil ACE or IWI ACE is an Israeli assault rifle developed and manufactured by IWI and also produced under license by Indumil,[2] RPC Fort[3] and FAME S.A.C.[4] It is produced in three calibres: 5.56x45mm NATO, 7.62×39mm, and 7.62x51mm NATO.

The ACE family assault rifles are based upon the mechanism of the IMI Galil, but using a modernized design and materials to increase its accuracy and lower its weight, while maintaining the Galil's ergonomics, ease of maintenance and reliability under battle conditions.[5] Emphasis was placed in particular in increasing its reliability under adverse and extreme conditions.

It is the main assault rifle of the Colombian army and the Colombian police, for whom it is manufactured locally under license by Indumil. In addition, it has been selected as the future standard assault rifle of the Chilean Army and the Vietnamese army.

Design features[edit]

Weight reduction[edit]

The original IMI Galil had weighed up to 4.35 kg (9.6 lb) depending on its variant, and this weight was criticised by the Israel Defense Forces. The heavy weight was a result of IMI having built the Galil rifle from a machined all-solid steel billet action in order to increase the structural integrity and survivability of the weapon.

The Galil Ace has a significantly reduced weight. IWI redesigned the action to integrate the steel with polymer, which is much lighter than the fully steel receiver of the original Galil.[5] While the upper receiver is machined steel, polymer has been introduced to the lower receiver of the weapon to reduce the gun's weight.[6]

Last round bolt catch[edit]

Another addition by IWI to the original Galil is the last round bolt catch, for the versions of the ACE in 5.56mm. The bolt hold-open feature is a common request of military customers, to reduce reloading times during combat.[7]

Long-stroke piston system[edit]

The rifle uses the Galil's long-stroke piston system. The long-stroke system is found in the M1 Garand, AK 47 (upon which the Galil's internal mechanism design borrowed heavily) and more recently in the Tavor.

Gas tube[edit]

The gas tube, unlike the AK 47 system, is mounted on the rifle via a dovetail slide machined on the receiver upper-front block. This avoids any movement of the gas block that can influence barrel vibration and thus degrade rifle accuracy.[5]

Port sealing[edit]

IWI have sealed the internal mechanism of the gun, by the addition of a sliding vertical cover. As a result, the internal mechanism of the Galil is sealed and protected from the accumulation of dirt or sand.[8]

Trigger[edit]

The IWI Ace adopts the Galil Sniper trigger instead of the original Galil trigger, in order to improve accuracy compared to the standard Galil.[9] This is a two-stage trigger,[8] which IWI have modeled on the two-stage trigger of the M1 Garand.[10]

Barrel[edit]

The barrel is chrome-lined, cold hammer-forged, with a 1:7" twist.

Variants[edit]

The Galil ACE is available in three calibers with multiple barrel lengths for each type:[11][12]

Model Caliber Barrel length Length (extended) Length (retracted) Weight (unloaded) Feed system Muzzle velocity Range Rate of fire
ACE 21 5.56x45mm NATO 215 mm (8.5 in) 730 mm (29 in) 650 mm (26 in) 2.80 kg (6.2 lb) 35 round Galil magazine 710 m/s (2,300 ft/s) 300 meters 700 rpm
ACE 22 5.56x45mm NATO 332 mm (13.1 in) 847 mm (33.3 in) 767 mm (30.2 in) 3.30 kg (7.3 lb) 35 round Galil magazine 850 m/s (2,800 ft/s) _ 700 rpm
ACE 23 5.56x45mm NATO 460 mm (18 in) 975 mm (38.4 in) 895 mm (35.2 in) 3.44 kg (7.6 lb) 35 round Galil magazine 915 m/s (3,000 ft/s) 500 meters 700 rpm
ACE 31 7.62x39 mm 215 mm (8.5 in) 650 mm (26 in) 650 mm (26 in) 3.05 kg (6.7 lb) 30 round Kalashnikov magazine 600 m/s (2,000 ft/s) _ 650 rpm
ACE 32 7.62x39 mm 406 mm (16.0 in) 815 mm (32.1 in) 815 mm (32.1 in) 3.40 kg (7.5 lb) 30 round Kalashnikov magazine 680 m/s (2,200 ft/s) _ 650 rpm
ACE 52 7.62x51mm NATO 400 mm (16 in) 935 mm (36.8 in) 855 mm (33.7 in) 3.685 kg (8.12 lb) 25 round magazine 800 m/s (2,600 ft/s) _ 650 rpm
ACE 53 7.62x51mm NATO 508 mm (20.0 in) 1,043 mm (41.1 in) 963 mm (37.9 in) 3.845 kg (8.48 lb) 25 round magazine 860 m/s (2,800 ft/s) _ 650 rpm

Users[edit]

Potential users[edit]

  •  India - Going through final trials as a possible replacement for the INSAS rifle (it has reached the final 2 from an original shortlist that trialed rifles from 34 vendors).[25][26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c http://www.israel-weapon.com/default.asp?catid={9B8A7951-8AC7-4C19-B409-8C7C6946FEBF}
  2. ^ http://www.israel-weapon.com/default.asp?catid=%7B0DF81339-8435-4D0E-8ED8-AAE59459CA45%7D
  3. ^ a b Штурмовая винтовка «Форт-227» / официальный сайт НПО "Форт"
  4. ^ Chile quita poderosa arma al Perú Viernes 27 Junio 2014
  5. ^ a b c GALIL ACE 5.56 29 May 2013, Small Arms Defense Journal
  6. ^ GALIL ACE 5.56 29 May 2013, Small Arms Defense Journal
  7. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II , By Russell C. Tilstra, Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014), page 98
  8. ^ a b GALIL ACE 5.56 29 May 2013, Small Arms Defense Journal (Volume 5)
  9. ^ Galil Ace Rifle August 24, 2010 in Rifles by Steve Johnson
  10. ^ Kokalis, Peter (2001). Weapons Tests And Evaluations: The Best Of Soldier Of Fortune. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. p. 253. ISBN 1-58160-122-0. 
  11. ^ Galil ACE 31, 32
  12. ^ Galil ACE 52,53
  13. ^ "IWI Galil ACE 5.56 mm assault rifle (Israel), Rifles". Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2010. 
  14. ^ FIDAE: Chilean Army Selects Galil ACE as New Standard Rifle - Defensenews.com, 26 March 2014
  15. ^ The Chilean Army begins to deploy the new Galil ACE WEDNESDAY SEPTEMBER 24, 2014
  16. ^ "Haitian Police Spotted with Galil ACE, T65 Rifles - The Firearm Blog". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "IWI Galil ACE Spotted In South Sudan and Mexico - The Firearm Blog". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Peru licenses the new Galil ACE rifle - The Firearm Blog". The Firearm Blog. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  19. ^ http://www.ejercito.mil.pe/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4926&catid=4926&Itemid=9
  20. ^ IWI Galil ACE rifle adopted by Guatemala National Civil Police - Thefirearmblog.com
  21. ^ El Salvador also to buy Galil Ace - Thefirearmblog
  22. ^ "Israeli IWI Galil ACE 31 ACE 32 assault rifles to replace Russian AK-47 in Vietnamese Army 0202146-Army Recognition". Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  23. ^ "Israel Weapon Industries to begin assault rifle production in Vietnam". Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  24. ^ Штурмовая винтовка «Форт-228» / официальный сайт НПО "Форт"
  25. ^ India to put assault rifle contenders through winter trials - Janes.com, 4 August 2013
  26. ^ Five cos left in race to supply multi-calibre rifles to Army Press Trust of India | New Delhi November 28, 2012

External links[edit]