Himawari (satellite)

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"Geostationary Meteorological Satellite" redirects here. For meteorological satellites in geostationary orbit, see weather satellite.
Geostationary Meteorological Satellite Himawari

Himawari or Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (GMS), was a series of Japanese weather satellites operated by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). The first GMS satellite, Himawari 1 (“himawari” or “ひまわり” meaning “sunflower”), was launched on 14 July 1977 from Cape Canaveral. The fifth and final satellite was launched 18 March 1995 from Tanegashima. The satellites were replaced by the Multi-Functional Transport Satellite (MTSAT) series.[1]


Name Launch date
Rocket Launch site Mass
Himawari 1 1977-07-14 Delta 2914 Cape Canaveral 325 kg
Himawari 2 1981-08-11 N-II (N8F) Tanegashima 296 kg
Himawari 3 1984-08-03 N-II (N13F) Tanegashima 303 kg
Himawari 4 1989-09-06 H-I (H20F) Tanegashima 325 kg
Himawari 5 1995-03-18 H-II (3F) Tanegashima 344 kg
MTSAT-1 (Launch failure) 1999-11-15 H-II Tanegashima
Himawari 6 (MTSAT-1R) 2005-02-26 H-IIA Tanegashima
Himawari 7 (MTSAT-2) 2006-02-18 H-IIA Tanegashima
Himawari 8 2014-10-07 H-IIA Tanegashima
Himawari 9 2016 (Planned) TBD TBD

See also[edit]