German Type UB II submarine

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SM UB 45.jpg
SM UB-45
Class overview
Builders: AG Weser, Bremen
Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Operators:  Kaiserliche Marine
 French Navy
Preceded by: UB I
Succeeded by: UB III
Built: 1915–1916
In commission: 1915–1931
Completed: 30
Lost: 20[1]
General characteristics
Displacement: 263–279 t (259–275 long tons) surfaced
292–305 t (287–300 long tons) submerged[2]
Length: 36.13–36.9 m (118.5–121.1 ft) o/a [2]
Beam: 4.36 m (14.3 ft)[2]
Draught: 3.66–3.75 m (12.0–12.3 ft)[2]
Propulsion: 2 shafts
Körting, Daimler or Benz diesel engines, 270–284 ihp (201–212 kW)
Siemens-Schuckert electric motor, 280 ihp (209 kW)[2]
Speed: 8.82–9.15 knots (16.33–16.95 km/h; 10.15–10.53 mph) surfaced
5.71–6.22 knots (10.57–11.52 km/h; 6.57–7.16 mph) submerged[2]
Range: 6,450–7,200 nmi (11,950–13,330 km; 7,420–8,290 mi) at 5 kn (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) surfaced
45 nmi (83 km; 52 mi) at 4 kn (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged[2]
Test depth: 50 m (160 ft)[2]
Complement: 2 officers, 21 men[2]
Armament: 2 × 50 cm (19.69 in) bow torpedo tubes
(2 external stern tubes fitted in some boats)
1 × 5 cm (1.97 in) or 8.8 cm (3.46 in) deck gun[2]

The UB II type submarine was a class of U-boat built during World War I by the German Imperial Navy. They were enlarged from the preceding type UB I and were more effective vessels. The boats were a single hull design with a 50 metre maximum diving depth and a 30-45 second diving time. In 1915 and 1916, 30 were built at two different shipyards.[3]

The design of type UB II addressed many of the problems apparent in the preceding type UB I class. The UB II boats featured a two-shaft drive with a much larger battery capacity and larger engines. Storage batteries were placed forward of the central diving tanks to compensate for the much heavier engine installation.[4]

The armament of the type UB II consisted of 50 cm G torpedoes launched from two bow tubes. The torpedo tubes were installed one above the other to allow for a bow design that would create optimal surface efficiency. A 5 cm gun was provided on the deck for surface use.[4]

The weight of the boat was increased to 270 tons of surface displacement to accommodate these improvements. Saddle tanks were fitted to the sides of the pressure hull to allow greater fuel storage area.[4]

List of Type UB II submarines[edit]

There were 30 Type UB II submarines commissioned into the German Imperial Navy.

Notes[edit]

Footnotes
Citations


References[edit]

  • Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1906–1922
  • Gröner, Erich (1985). "U-Boote, Hilfskreuzer, Minenschiffe, Netzleger, Sperrbrecher". Die deutschen Kriegsschiffe, 1815-1945 III (Koblenz: Bernard & Graefe). ISBN 3-7637-4802-4. 
  • Bendert, Harald (2000). Die UB-Boote der Kaiserlichen Marine, 1914-1918. Einsätze, Erfolge, Schicksal. Hamburg: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn GmbH. ISBN 3-8132-0713-7. 
  • Rossler, Eberhard (1975). The U-boat: The evolution and technical history of German Submarines. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. p. 50. ISBN 0-87021-966-9.