Gmunden

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gmunden
Lakeside
Lakeside
Coat of arms of Gmunden
Coat of arms
Gmunden is located in Austria
Gmunden
Gmunden
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 47°55′05″N 13°47′58″E / 47.91806°N 13.79944°E / 47.91806; 13.79944Coordinates: 47°55′05″N 13°47′58″E / 47.91806°N 13.79944°E / 47.91806; 13.79944
Country Austria
State Upper Austria
District Gmunden
Government
 • Mayor Heinz Josef Köppl (ÖVP)
Area
 • Total 63.49 km2 (24.51 sq mi)
Elevation 425 m (1,394 ft)
Population (1 January 2013)[1]
 • Total 13,015
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 4810
Area code 07612
Vehicle registration GM
Website www.gmunden.ooe.gv.at

Gmunden (About this sound Pronunciation ) is a town in Upper Austria, Austria in the district of Gmunden. It has 13,202 inhabitants (estimates 2004). It is much frequented as a health and summer resort, and has a variety of goat, lake, brine, vegetable and pine-cone baths, a hydropathic establishment, inhalation chambers, whey cure, etc. It is also an important centre of the salt industry in Salzkammergut.

Geography[edit]

Gmunden covers an area of 63.49 km² and has a median height of 425 m. It is situated next to the lake Traunsee on the Traun River and is surrounded by high mountains, as the Traunstein (mountain) (5446 ft.), the Erlakogel (5150 ft.), the Wilder Kogel (6860 ft.) and the Höllengebirge.

Municipal arrangement[edit]

Gmunden is divided into the following boroughs: Gmunden, Gmunden-Ort, Schlagen, Traundorf, Unterm Stein.

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Ohlsdorf Gschwandt
Pinsdorf CompassRose16 N.png Sankt Konrad
Altmünster Ebensee

Population[edit]

Gmunden's population
1869 to 2001[2]
Year Population Year Population
1869 6.857 1939 10.792
1880 6.857 1951 12.894
1890 7.521 1961 12.518
1900 8.451 1971 12.331
1910 8.451 1981 12.653
1923 9.633 1991 13.133
1934 9.838 2001 13.336

As of 2001, Gmunden has a population of 13,336. Of that, 88.4% are Austrian in nationality, 1.5% are from other European Union states, and 10.2% are other foreigners. Citizens of Bosnia-Herzegovina (3.6%) and the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (2.7%) placed the strongest foreigner portion, followed by Turks (1.2%) and Germans (1.1%).

The majority (69.3%) confess themselves to the Roman Catholic Church. Evangelicals are next, which 7.3% of the population associate with. 5.9% are Muslims and 3.3% are Orthodox. 10.3% are nonreligious.

History[edit]

A settlement was in existence already in the fifth century AC. By 1186 Gmunden was a fortified town surrounded by walls, although it did not receive a church until about 1300. On November 14, 1626 an army of rebellious peasants was completely defeated at Gmunden by General Pappenheim, who had been ordered by Maximilian I to suppress the peasant rebellion in Upper Austria.[3] The dead peasant insurgents were buried in nearby Pinsdorf, where an obelisk styled memorial known as the Bauernhügel in their honour can still be seen.

Gmunden supplied battleships to Austria during the 17th century and helped wounded soldiers in hospitals in World War I. During World War II, an SS maternity home was located here, "to insure racial purity" in accordance with Nazi racial theories.[4]

Politics[edit]

The local council consists of 37 members. Since 2003 the members are from the following political parties:

Since 1997 the mayor has been Heinz Köppl of the ÖVP.

Main sights[edit]

Schloss Ort
Town hall of Gmunden
Altar of parish church

There are a great number of excursions and points of interest round Gmunden, specially worth mentioning being the Traun Fall, 10 miles (16 km) north of Gmunden, a castle called Schloss Ort, and a ceramic factory producing Gmundner Keramik branded pottery. The town hall is also a popular tourist destination.

Education[edit]

In Gmunden there are four kindergartens, four elementary schools and three hauptschulen. The three high schools are BG/BRG Gmunden, BRG Schloss Traunsee, and Gymnasium Ort.

People[edit]

Famous residents[edit]

See also[edit]

The Gmunden public transport network

Gmunden Straßenbahn, the town tramway.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Gmunden at Wikimedia Commons