Gonabad

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For the administrative subdivision, see Gonabad County. For the village in Mashhad County, see Gonabad, Mashhad. For the place in Afghanistan, see Gonabad, Afghanistan.
Not to be confused with Gonbad-e Qabus.
Gonabad
گناباد
city
Gonabad is located in Iran
Gonabad
Gonabad
Coordinates: 34°21′10″N 58°41′01″E / 34.35278°N 58.68361°E / 34.35278; 58.68361Coordinates: 34°21′10″N 58°41′01″E / 34.35278°N 58.68361°E / 34.35278; 58.68361
Country  Iran
Province Razavi Khorasan
County Gonabad
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 34,563
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Gonabad at GEOnet Names Server

Gonabad (Persian: گناباد‎, also Romanized as Gonābād; also known as Gūnābād; formerly Janābaz)[1] is a city in and the capital of Gonabad County, in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 34,563, in 9,789 families.[2] Jūymand is an affluent northern district/suburb of Gonabad.

It is mostly well-known because of the Gonabadi Dervishes and for its qanats, also known as kareez. It is one of the most important producers of saffron in Iran. Other agricultural products include: Grape, Pistachio and pomegranate.

The famous ancient war of 12 rokh had happened between Iran and Turan (Central Asia) in this city on the castle of Zeebad.

The city contains the cemetery for the Nematollahi Gonabadi dervish order located in Beydokht.[3]

Qanats[edit]

Some of the longest and oldest Qanats of the world are located in Gonabad. Qanats of Uroune, Moun, Chahak and Shirin as registered in world heritage site (administered by UNESCO) are among these Qanats.

They contain 427 water wells with a length of 33113 meters and have been constructed based on different sciences like physics, geology and hydraulics and made it possible for the inhabitants to live in such a dry land with low rainfall.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gonabad can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3064774" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ Esfandiari, Golnaz (12 October 2006) "Iran: Local Authorities Try To Evict Sufi Leader" Radio Free Europe
  4. ^ Qanats of Gonabad-World Heritage

5.Amirali Davoodi

External links[edit]