Gonda, Uttar Pradesh
|• Type||UP government|
|Area rank||---> 43|
|Elevation||120 m (390 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Gonda is a city and municipal board of Gonda district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is situated 125 km north east of the state capital Lucknow. Gonda is divided into four tahsils named Gonda, Colonelganj, Tarabganj and Mankapur.
Gonda is located at  It has an average elevation of 120 metres (393 feet). The holy rivers Sarayu and Ghaghara pass through the district. Other important rivers are Terhi and Kuawano. The Ghaghara River splits the entire district into two parts - the northern and southern part. The town of Gonda falls in the northern part with Ghaghara bordering the district's entire southern boundary. Temperature ranges from 0 degrees in January to more than 47 degrees celsius in May. Average Annual precipitation is very high as the district lies in the Terai region along the Himalayas. Rainfall varies from 1500 mm to 2000 mm. Annual devastating floods during monsoons is very common because of heavy precipitation and flowing currents from the Shivalik mountains. The highest temperature recorded in the Uttar Pradesh was 49.9°C on 8 May 1958 at Gonda..
The name of this district comes from the Sanskrit - Hindi word of Goshala, meaning cowshed. The cowsheds of the royal lineage of Ayodhya viz. Ikshavaku (Raghukul) of the Solar dynasty were located here. The territory covered by the present district of Gonda is a part of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. After the death of Rama, the celebrated sovereign of the Solar line who ruled Kosala, the kingdom was divided into two portions defined by the Ghaghara river. The northern portion was then ruled by his son, Lava with the city of Sravasti as his capital. Sravasti was prosperous and progressive during Buddhas time.
During the medieval period, the first Muslim invasion of the region, to the north of the Ghaghara River, took place in the second quarter of 11th century under Syed Salar Masood. The rulers of Gonda and surrounding districts formed a league to offer united resistance to Masood. Masood could not withstand of the league of more than 13 local kings and was surrounded by their armies all around and was defeated. In the second half of the 13th century Gonda was included in the government of Bahraich by the early Muslim rulers, and hence has no independent history of its own. Further, there is no specific reference about the district until the reign of the Tughlaqs.
In 1394, the district came under the rule of Khwaja Jahan Malik Sarwar, the founder of the Sharqi dynasty of Jaunpur. From earliest days of Muslim domination till the advent of Akbar, the history of Gonda district is primarily the history of local clans. During the early phase of this period the whole of Gonda and much of the surrounding region was ruled by Bhars, Pasi kings who come are categorized into lower social order(SC/ST). The district formed an integral part of the empire of Akbar (1556–1605).
With the annexation of the province of Awadh by the East India Company in February 1856, Gonda became a separate district of the Gonda-Bahraich Commissionership. Annexation passed off quietly, although the Gonda raja exhibited strong disapproval of the measure and was with difficulty persuaded to leave his fort at Gonda and meet the district officer.
Gonda played a significant role in the Indian struggle for independence. So many people from the region actively participated including Maharaja Devi Bakhsha Singh, who escaped later to Nepal. Revolutionaries like Chandra Shekhar Azad also took shelter here and one of his partymen Rajendra Lahiri was incarcerated and hanged in the Gonda Jail on 17 December 1927 in Kakori Conspiracy.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Gonda urban agglomeration had a population of 138,929, out of which males were 71,475 and females were 67,454. The literacy rate was 80.32 per cent.
Sukar Kshetra in southern Gonda (Paraspur) is known as the birthplace of Saint Tulsidas, the greatest of Hindi littérateurs. He was a great Bhakt of Lord Rama. The Ashram of his guru, Narharidas is also nearby. Tulsidas composed his epic Ramcharitmanas in Ayodhya which is on the border of Gonda. The language of this epic poem is Awadhi which is the spoken dialect in much of Eastern and Central Uttar Pradesh. There are many religious places in the district and the district headquarters is itself very close (21 km) city Gonda. Gonda is also known for Ghagh, a legendary agriculture and weather specialist of folk culture. Mahakavi Ghagh, Adam Gondavi, Suresh Mokalpuri, Shiva Kant Mishra 'Vidrohi', Satish Arya - the poets of Hindi literature belong to this district. Urdu poet Niyaz Ahmed "Saher" (1939–2010)- the adopted son of Jigar Moradabadi, also belong to Gonda. The founder of the Swaminarayan Sampradaya, Swaminarayan was born as Ghanshyam Pandey in the village Chhapaiya of Gonda district. As a child, he also lived in Ayodhya and visited the town of Gonda on a pilgrimage with his parents. The Swaminarayan Akshardham temple in New Delhi is dedicated to him, as Akshardham is his divine abode. Acharya Patanjali born 200 years before the Christian Era, who is called as Father or founder of Yoga hailed from Gonda in Uttar Pradesh.
It has the most flourishing I.T.I. of India. Gonda has been the place of early education of one of the India's Presidents Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed. The school wherein he studied now has been named after him as F.A.A. Govt Inter College.
Sucheta Kriplani was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and 1957 from Gonda
Babu Bindeshwari Prasad establish Indian National Congress in 1908,before Gandhian arrival.
Bhola Nath Chaturvedi current Director General of Police, Tamil Nadu (Anti corruption) has been a U.P. Board topper of 1969 studied at S.S.B.S. Tomson College.
Atal Bihari Vajpayee has worked long time in Balram Pur (then in Gonda now new district) as an RSS activist.
Gandhi Park: in the city here is the first life-size statue of Mahatma Gandhi was established in 1950. It is made of white marble.
Paska (Sukar Khet):This place is situated at the river bank of Saryu about 45 km southwest from district headquarters. The site is ancient fame for "Sangam Asnan" and one month's "Paush Kalpwas" in the month of Paush. A large number of devotees take holy dips in Saryu river for Mukti of "Pashu Yoni". It is also believed that God Varaha had taken Avtar here. An old temple of Lord Varah was built here in the 9th century.
Swaminarayan Chhapaiyā: The village of Chhapaiya is situated at a distance of 50 km from the district headquarters. The chief interest of the place is Swaminarayan temple which marks the birthplace of Bhagwan Swaminarayan, or Sahajanand Swami, who was born here on April 2, 1781 as Ghanshyam Pande. Ghanshyam left Chhapaiya at the age of 11 to travel to the pilgrimage sites around India. He completed his pilgrimage in Western Gujarat, where he assumed the leadership of Swaminarayan Sampradaya. The very famous Akshardham temples in New Delhi and in Gandhinagar, Gujarat built by his spiritual successor, Pramukh Swami Maharaj, are both dedicated to him. His followers consider him to be a manifestation of the Supreme Godhead. There have been many movies about the Bhagwan Swaminarayan filmed in this temple in Chhapaiya and in nearby places in the district.
Varahi Devi: About 6 km in east from Paska another ancient place of Varahi Devi known as Uttar Bhawani. An old temple of Devi Bhagwati attract a large number of devotee's here. The image of Aadi Shakti Varahi is related with the shakti of Varaha in Paska.
Prash: This place in north of Saryu is situated in Tehsil Tarabganj. The place is related with ancient Saint Parashar, grandson of Bashishtha & son of Sakti. It is said his mother's name was Adrishyawanti. A temple in his memory is situated here.
Prithvi Nathan Mahadeo: At a short distance in the south of Khargupur, an old temple of lord Shiva is situated. Legend relates it with Mahabharata. This area was then known as Pancharanya. It is believed to be the worship place of Bhima himself while the Pandavas were here during their 14 years of Vanvaas. Bhima worshipped Lord Shiva, who blessed this worship place by a natural "Shiv Linga" which emerged on its own from the earth. It is the largest natural Shiv Linga in the whole world and draws a huge crowd during the days of Shivaratri or Mahashivaratri.
'Dukhran nath mandir' this is one of the most important temple of "SHIV" in railway road.
'Kali Bhawani mandir'this is the temple of "Maa Kali" in railway road..
''(MATA PATMESHVARI DEVI MANDIR)'' It Is the famous Temple Of Gonda. it is situated at north side from ( Ishwar nand kutti) that is on intiyathok and babaganj road. it is the temple of (SHRI PATMESHWARI MATA).Every day near about 500 people come at this temple for worship.
Tulsi janam bhumi sukarkhet rajapur in the nearby paraspur block.
'Sankat Mochan Mehndipur Sri Bala Ji Mandir Purelalak Bahraich Road Gonda Is Mandir Marked By Sankat Mochan Mehndipur Sri Bala Ji Sewa Samiti (Reg.) Gonda
Manav Utthan Sewa Samiti Ashram This is located near the Swami Viveka Nand Inter College at Utraula Road.It is called "Manav Dhram Ashram". 'Shri Satpal Maharaj Ji' is the founder of the organization Manav Utthan Sewa Samiti, which aspires to manifest Knowledge in Action.
Baba Barati Shah Mazar: This is located in Dubaha Bazar. It is a sacred Mazar of BABA BARATI SHAH.
THAKUR DWARA TEMPLE: This is located in Dubaha Bazar. It is a famous temple of LORD RAM. It is a very old temple.
The economy of Gonda city constituates out of the following factors:
- The main occupation of the people in the district is farming. Agricultural produce include wheat, paddy, different pulses, oil seeds and sugar cane. Mango and guava orchards can also be found in abundance.
- One of the India's six Indian Telephone Industries is situated at Mankapur, about 30 K.M. from District headquarters of Gonda.
- Biggest Sugar mill of India is situated at Motiganj in Gonda. It is run by Bajaj Hindustan Ltd.
- Other sugar mills are located at Bhabhnan, Kundarkhi, Tarabganj, Maizapur and Mankapur.
- There is a Krishi Vigyan Kendra (en. Agriculture Research Centre) which is situated at Jai-Prabha Gram.
- Khargupur is very popular for its pot industry
- Trigut Dainik: & Dainik Mother It is the first local newspaper which is printed daily for the last 15–20 years.
== Education == Gonda has so many intermediate and degree colleges. Meena Shah Institute of Techhnology & Management(MSITM), K.C.I.T. institute. Gonda Lal Bahadur Shastri Post Graduate College, Nanadini Nagar Mahavidyalaya, Acharya Narendra Dev Kisan College, Acharya Narendra Dev College of Pharmacy, City Montessori School is also home to the well regarded Fatima High School.
Schools & Intermediate colleges
- AL-HUDA PUBLIC SCHOOL, FAIZABAD ROAD, GONDA
- AL-HUDA CONVENT SCHOOL, (NEAR KARBALA ROAD), GONDA
- AIMS INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, CIRCULAR ROAD OPPOSITE KARBALA, GONDA
- KCIT Public School, Khaira New Basti Bargaon Gonda
- Shiv Sharan Singh Balika Inter College
- Krisak Balika Inter College, Intiyathok, Gonda.
- Rashtriya Inter College, Fatehour, Balpur, Gonda
- Rajiv City Montessory School, Jail road, Gonda.
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, Rail Parisar, Gonda.
- Janta Higher Secondary School, Kauria, Gonda.
- G.P.M.L. Inter College, Kauria, Gonda
- Bhartiya Inter College, Katra, Gonda
- Bal Vidya Mandir inter college, Itiyathok, Gonda.
- Dr. J.D.Singh Adarsh Inter College, Salpur, Gonda.
- MDBS Inter College Tarabganj Gonda
- Blooming Buds Public School Balrampur, Gonda Road
- Chambers Memorial School Near Bus Station, Gonda
- City Montessory School, Gonda
- DAV Inter College ITI Township, Mankapur
- FAA Government Inter College Near Bus Station, Bargoan Road, Gonda
- Fatima School Circular Road, Gonda
- Gandhi Vidyalaya Intermediate College, Railway Colony, Gonda.
- Gonda City Montessori School, Gonda
- Government Girls Inter College, Gonda
- Sarju Prasad Kanya Pathshala Inter College, Gonda
- HMS Public School Itiyathok Bazar, Gonda.
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Mankapur, Gonda
- janta inter college Intiyathok, Gonda
- Golden Academy(GIIT) Gonda
- Jigar Montessory School, Gonda.
- Jigar Memorial Inter College.
- K.L. Inter College Colonelganj. Gonda.
- Kendriya Vidyalaya I.T.I. Township, Sanchar Mankapur, Gonda.
- Maharaja Devi Baks Singh Inter College Belsar, Gonda - 271401.
- Maharishi Vidya Mandir, Gonda
- Nagar Palika Girls Inter College Nawabganj
- Prakash Punj Vidyalaya Gayatri Puram,Gonda
- Rajendra Lahiri School Pant Nagar, Gonda
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir Malviya Nagar, Gonda
- S.G.V. Inter College Nawabganj, Gonda.
- SGVRC Badgoun, Railway Colony, Gonda
- Shri G.V.M. Inter College Radhakund, Gonda.
- Sri Raghukul Vidya Peeth ITI Road, Gonda
- Sri Rajaram Tripathi S.S.U.M.Vidyalaya. Bhawakahwa(Dhanepur), Gonda
- St. Michael's Convent School, Mankapur Township, Gonda
- St. Xavier's Senior Secondary School Gonda
- St. Thomas School, Ambedkar Chauraha, Lucknaw Road, Gonda
- Shaheed-E-Aazam Sardar Bhagat Singh Inter College, Lucknow Road, Gonda
- Tulsi Smarak Inter College, Paraspur, Gonda.
- Navodaya Vidyalaya, Deoria Mankapur Gonda
- Vikas Nilyam & Higher Secondary School, Circular road, Gonda
- Star Public School Chhedipurva, Near Distt. Hospital, Gonda
- Beni Madhav Inter College Paraspur, Gonda.
- Tulsidas Mahavidyalaya Paraspur, Gonda
- Krishna Academy, The Adroit, Near L.B.S. P.G. College, Gonda
- A.P. Inter college Mankapur, Gonda
- D.P. Inter College Mankapur, Gonda
- RPAV Inter College, Mankapur, Gonda
- Parushram Balika Inter College, Mankapur Gonda
- Navkriti Balika Inter College Mankapur, Gonda
- Swami Vivekanand Inter College, Mankapur, Gonda.
- Shree Dutt Memorial Public School of Science and Commerce, Mankapur, Gonda.
- Shakun Cologiate, Mankapur, Gonda.
- Maharishi Vidya Mandir, Mankapur, Gonda.
- RSS Inter College, Jhilahi, Mankapur, Gonda.
- Krishna Girls Higher Secondary School Kasaila, Mankapur, Gonda.
- Sharada Devi Memorial Public School, Jai Prabha Gram, Gonda.
- C.G.V.M. Inter College, Jai Prabha Gram, Gonda.
- Avinash Montessory School, Anandpuri Colony, Jail Road, Gonda
- Rajendra Nath Lahiri Inter College, Dumariyadeeh, Gonda
- Subhash Inter College, Umari Begam Ganj, Gonda
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir Inter College, Near Karuwapara, Intiyathok, Gonda.
- Bhaiya Haribhan Dutt Inter College (B.H.D), Dhaneypur, Gonda
- Chedilal Rampher Girls Higher Secondary School Motiganj, Gonda.
- D.A.V. Inter College, Nawabganj, Gonda
- Rosewood Inter college, Gonda
- Pt.Ram Sunder Mishra Vidya inter college, Pipra Bhitaura Gonda.
- FAA Government Inter College Near Bus Station, Bargoan Road, Gonda
- swami naryan inter college chhapiya gonda
- janta inter college patswer nath patize buzurg gonda
- JANTA INTER COLLEGE INTIYATHOK GONDA
- Ram Lal Inter College, Chauhan Purwa Dubaha Bazar (Gonda)
- Vidyanagar kisan inter college ,motiganj,gonda.
- Govind Prasad Shukla Inter College Gaura Chowki , Gonda
All colleges of Gonda are affiliated to Faizabad University.
- BABA CHAIN SINGH SIKSHA SANSTHAN MADHYA NAGAR INTIYATHOK GONDA
- Baba Gayadeen Vaidya Babu Ram Mahavidyalaya
- Baikunth Nath Mahavidyalaya
- Bhagirathi Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya, Sahibapur, Gonda
- Chandra Shekhar Shyamraji Mahavidyalaya
- Dashrath Singh Memorial Mahavidyalay
- Dr. Bheem Rao Ambedkar Mahavidyalaya
- Hakikullah Chaudhary Mahavidyalaya
- Jagdamba Sharan Singh Educational Institute
- Kamta Prasad Mathura Prasad Janta Mahavidyalaya
- Kisan Degree College
- L.B.S. Mahavidyalaya (in Gonda town)
- Lakhan Lal Sharan Singh Mahavidyalaya
- Maa Gayatri Ram Sukh Pandey Mahavidyalaya
- Meena Shah Institute of Techhnology & Management(MSITM) Affiliated to Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard University, New Delhi Mahakavi Tulsidas Mahavidyalaya
- Nandini Nagar Mahavidyalaya Nawabgang
- Nandini Nagar Vidhi Mahavidyalaya Nawabgang
- Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramoday Mahavidyalaya
- Pt. Jag Narain Shukla Gramoday Mahavidyalaya
- Pt. Ram Dutt Shukla Mahavidyalaya
- Raghoram Diwakar Dutt Gyanoday Mahavidyalaya
- Raja Raghuraj Singh Mahavidyalaya Mankapur
- Ram Nath Memorial Mahavidyalaya
- Ravindra Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya
- Saraswati Devi Nari Gyansthali Mahavidyalaya (in Gonda town)
- Sardar Mohar Singh Memorial Mahila Mahavidyalaya Mankapur
- Saryu Degree College situated in tehshil Colonelganj of Gonda district.
- Smt. J. Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya
- Sri Raghukul Mahila Vidyapeeth (in gonda town)
- Subhash Chandra Bose Memorial Mahavidyalaya
- Guru Vashishta Mahavidyalaya, Mankapur
- Excellent Career Academy,Computer Institute(ECA),Malviya Nagar Gonda
- 'Meena Shah Institute of Techhnology & Management(MSITM)
- Kamlesh Computer Institute of Technology (KCIT) Training Institute Gonda
- ICIT Institute
- INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER & NETWORKING TECHNOLOGY (I.C.N.T.) MANKAPUR
- ICS institute(computer and English training)
- Golden Institute of Information Technology(GIIT) Computer Training
- Partibha Institute of Information Technology (PIIT) Itiyathok Gonda
- National Institute of Computer & Information Technology, Dubaha Bazar (Gonda)
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gonda
- Gonda District at The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 12, p. 312.
- India Divine
- 1857:The Oral Tradition, Pankaj Rag, Rupa Publication,2010
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
- Dave, Ramesh (2010). Ghanshyam Charitra (7th ed.). Amdavad: Swaminarayan Aksharpith. p. 43. ISBN 81-7526-338-5.
- Williams, Raymond (2001). An Introduction to Swaminarayan Hinduism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 226. ISBN 978-0-521-65422-7.
- shri mahadev siksha sansthan ram nagar tarhar gonda
- Official Web Site Of the District Gonda
- www.gondvi.com * Other Web Site Of the District Gonda