Gonda district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Gonda, Uttar Pradesh.
Gonda district
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Gonda district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Gonda district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Devipatan
Headquarters Gonda, Uttar Pradesh
Tehsils 4
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Gonda, Kaiser ganj(partial)
Area
 • Total 3,404 km2 (1,314 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,431,386
 • Density 1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy

100

per cent
Website Official website

Gonda is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Gonda is the district headquarters, and also the administrative centre for the Devipatan Division.

With an area of 3,404 square kilometres (1,314 sq mi), Gonda is bound by Shrawasti district to the north, Balrampur and Siddharthnagar districts to the northeast, Basti district to the east, Faizabad district to the south, Bara Banki district to the southwest, and Bahraich district to the northwest.

History[edit]

Mulagandhakuti. The remains of Buddha's hut in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti in Gonda Division

The territory covered by the present district of Gonda formed part of the ancient Kosala Kingdom. After the death of Rama, the celebrated sovereign of the Solar line who ruled Kosala, the kingdom was divided into two portions defined by the Ghaghara river. The northern portion was then ruled by his son, Lava with the city of Sravasti as his capital.[1] Sravasti was prosperous and progressive during Buddhas time, and he made twenty one visits to the city during his Mahaparinirvana.[citation needed]

More recently, ancient Buddhist remains dating to the early days of Buddhism have been found throughout the region, including at Sravasti.[2]

During the medieval period, the first Muslim invasion of the region, to the north of the Ghaghara River, took place in the second quarter of 11th century under Syed Salar Masood. The rulers of Gonda and surrounding districts formed a league to offer united resistance to Masood. In the second half of the 13th century Gonda was included in the government of Bahraich by the early Muslim rulers, and hence has no independent history of its own. Further, there is no specific reference about the district until the reign of the Tughlaqs.

In 1394, the district came under the rule of Khwaja Jahan Malik Sarwar, the founder of the Sharqi dynasty of Jaunpur. From earliest days of Muslim domination till the advent of Akbar, the history of Gonda district is primarily the history of local clans. During the early phase of this period the whole of Gonda was ruled by aboriginal Dom, Tharu Tribe, Bhar, Pasi and the like. The district formed an integral part of the empire of Akbar (1556–1605).

With the annexation of the province of Awadh by the East India Company in February 1856, Gonda became a separate district in the Gonda-Bahraich Commissionership. Annexation passed off quietly, although the Gonda raja exhibited strong disapproval of the measure and was with difficulty persuaded to leave his fort at Gonda and meet the district officer.

In the Non Cooperation Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi people from this district actively participated. On October 9, 1929, Mahatma Gandhi visited the district along with Jawaharlal Nehru.

Gonda played a significant part in the Indian struggle for independence, with many people from the region actively involved: including Maharaja Devi Baksha Singh, who escaped to Nepal,[3] freedom fighters like Sh. Chandra Shekhar Azad took shelter in the district, and Rajendra Lahiri was incarcerated and hanged in the Gonda Jail. India's 5th president Hon'ble Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed was also educated at the Government High School in Gonda district.

Gonda came in media light when three cops were given capital punishment after their alleged involvement in an encounter and killing 13 people along with Deputy Superintendent of police in the Madhopur area.[4][5]

Geography[edit]

The district lies between 26° 47' and 27° 20' north latitude and 81° 30' and 82° 46' east longitude.

The holy rivers Saryu and Ghaghara pass through the district. The soils of the district are composed of the fluvial deposits of these two rivers, making it one of the most productive soils in the Tarai region.

Hydrology[edit]

Rivers have played a significant role in the development of Gonda. Ghaghara is the main river flowing through the district, formed from the united waters of the Kauriala, Saryu, and Chauka & other rivers which drain the submontane tract to the west. It enters the district in the extreme west and flows along the southern borders. Within its wide bed it rolls from one side to the other, changing its channel almost every year. The land along the river is always liable to be cut away during the rains and for this reason the area of the district is libel to annual verialims[clarification needed]. Saryu is the second most important river, rising in the Bahraich district, and joining the Ghaghara in Gonda. The Kuwano river flows along the northern border, with the Bisuha, a small stream of a similar character. The Manwar, Chandai and Terhi rivers are little more than streams.

There are several important lakes in the district, including the Banki, Kodar, Aranga, Parwati & Pathri.

Climate[edit]

The average summer temperature is nearly 34 °C. A hot wind named Loo blows in May and in early June.

During the rainy season, rains take place up to September.

Minimum winter temperature is -0.2;°C

Average Rainfall in the district is 1152mm.

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Total production for the district[year missing]

  • Food Grain 1145 Thousand M.T.
  • Oil Seed 16 Thousand M.T.
  • Sugar Cane 1254 Thousand M.T
  • Potato 112 Thousand M.T

Agricultural produce also includes wheat, paddy (rice) and various pulses.

There is a Krishi Vigyan Kendra[6] (Agriculture Research Centre) situated at Gopalgram-DURGONWA Gonda

Industry[edit]

There are several sugar mills, rice mills and many other small industries and handicraft industry. One of the India's six Indian Telephone Industries is situated at Mankapur, and the largest sugar mill in India is situated at Kundarkhi.[7]

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gonda one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[8] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[8]

Divisions[edit]

There are 4 Tehsils in the District: Gonda, Colonelganj, Tarabganj and Mankapur.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census Gonda district has a population of 3,431,386,[9] roughly equal to the nation of Panama[10] or the US state of Connecticut.[11] This gives it a ranking of 95th in India (out of a total of 640).[9] The district has a population density of 857 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,220 /sq mi) .[9] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 24.07%.[9] Gonda has a sex ratio of 922 females for every 1000 males,[9] and a literacy rate of 61.16%.[9]

Gonda district has more percent decadal growth(2001-2012) of 24.07 than the average of UP(20.09). Sex ratio is improved(922) than the state average(908). Sex ratio of children population(0–6 years) is also much better(924)compared to total population sex ratio of the district(922) as well as compared to UP children sex ratio(899). The district is much behind(61.16%) the state average(69.72%) in literacy rate. The backwardness of the region and slow developmental rate is clearly reflected by literacy gap(male to female) of 23.10% in the district as compared to 19.98% gap for the state.[12]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken in the district include Awadhi, a tongue of Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region,[13] and Hindi.

Culture[edit]

Tourism[edit]

There are many religious places in the district, and the district headquarters itself is very close to the holy city of Ayodhya, the birthplace of Lord Rama.

Famous personalities[edit]

Flora and fauna[edit]

There are two remarkable areas of forest in Gonda:

  • the forest of Kuwano, which includes a variety of trees: including Sagon, Haldu, Sal, Shishaw, Tibau, Mahua, Bass, Neem, Jamun, and Mayo.
  • the forest of Mankapur which include Tibau, Sakhu and Sal.

Education[edit]

Gonda is categorised as one of the socially and educationally backward districts of Uttar Pradesh. The government of India has created a special scheme for such district through the backward region grant fund. Gonda is one of the recipients of this fund.[15]

The human development index of the Gonda district is very low.[16]

Schools & Intermediate colleges[edit]

  • AL-HUDA PUBLIC SCHOOL, FAIZABAD ROAD, GONDA
  • AL-HUDA CONVENT SCHOOL, (NEAR KARBALA ROAD), GONDA
  • AIMS INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, CIRCULAR ROAD OPPOSITE KARBALA, GONDA
  • KCIT Public School, Khaira New Basti Bargaon Gonda
  • Shiv Sharan Singh Balika Inter College
  • Krisak Balika Inter College, Intiyathok, Gonda.
  • Rashtriya Inter College, Fatehour, Balpur, Gonda
  • Rajiv City Montessory School, Jail road, Gonda.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Rail Parisar, Gonda.
  • Janta Higher Secondary School, Kauria, Gonda.
  • G.P.M.L. Inter College, Kauria, Gonda
  • Bhartiya Inter College, Katra, Gonda
  • Bal Vidya Mandir inter college, Itiyathok, Gonda.
  • Dr. J.D.Singh Adarsh Inter College, Salpur, Gonda.
  • MDBS Inter College Tarabganj Gonda
  • Blooming Buds Public School Balrampur, Gonda Road
  • Chambers Memorial School Near Bus Station, Gonda
  • City Montessory School, Gonda
  • DAV Inter College ITI Township, Mankapur
  • FAA Government Inter College Near Bus Station, Bargoan Road, Gonda
  • Fatima School Circular Road, Gonda
  • Gandhi Vidyalaya Intermediate College, Railway Colony, Gonda.
  • Gonda City Montessori School, Gonda
  • Government Girls Inter College, Gonda
  • Sarju Prasad Kanya Pathshala Inter College, Gonda
  • HMS Public School Itiyathok Bazar, Gonda.
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Mankapur, Gonda
  • janta inter college Intiyathok, Gonda
  • Golden Academy(GIIT) Gonda
  • Jigar Montessory School, Gonda.
  • Jigar Memorial Inter College.
  • K.L. Inter College Colonelganj. Gonda.
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya I.T.I. Township, Sanchar Mankapur, Gonda.
  • Maharaja Devi Baks Singh Inter College Belsar, Gonda - 271401.
  • Maharishi Vidya Mandir, Gonda
  • Nagar Palika Girls Inter College Nawabganj
  • Prakash Punj Vidyalaya Gayatri Puram,Civil Lines,Gonda
  • Rajendra Lahiri School Pant Nagar, Gonda
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir Malviya Nagar, Gonda
  • S.G.V. Inter College Nawabganj, Gonda.
  • SGVRC Badgoun, Railway Colony, Gonda
  • Shri G.V.M. Inter College Radhakund, Gonda.
  • Sri Raghukul Vidya Peeth ITI Road, Gonda
  • Sri Rajaram Tripathi S.S.U.M.Vidyalaya. Bhawakahwa(Dhanepur), Gonda
  • St. Michael's Convent School, Mankapur Township, Gonda
  • St. Xavier's Senior Secondary School Gonda
  • St. Thomas School, Ambedkar Chauraha, Lucknaw Road, Gonda
  • Shaheed-E-Aazam Sardar Bhagat Singh Inter College, Lucknow Road, Gonda
  • Tulsi Smarak Inter College, Paraspur, Gonda.
  • Navodaya Vidyalaya, Deoria Mankapur Gonda
  • Vikas Nilyam & Higher Secondary School, Circular road, Gonda
  • Star Public School Chhedipurva, Near Distt. Hospital, Gonda
  • Beni Madhav Inter College Paraspur, Gonda.
  • Tulsidas Mahavidyalaya Paraspur, Gonda
  • Krishna Academy, The Adroit, Near L.B.S. P.G. College, Gonda
  • A.P. Inter college Mankapur, Gonda
  • D.P. Inter College Mankapur, Gonda
  • RPAV Inter College, Mankapur, Gonda
  • Parushram Balika Inter College, Mankapur Gonda
  • Navkriti Balika Inter College Mankapur, Gonda
  • Swami Vivekanand Inter College, Mankapur, Gonda.
  • Shree Dutt Memorial Public School of Science and Commerce, Mankapur, Gonda.
  • Shakun Cologiate, Mankapur, Gonda.
  • Maharishi Vidya Mandir, Mankapur, Gonda.
  • RSS Inter College, Jhilahi, Mankapur, Gonda.
  • Krishna Girls Higher Secondary School Kasaila, Mankapur, Gonda.
  • Sharada Devi Memorial Public School, Jai Prabha Gram, Gonda.
  • C.G.V.M. Inter College, Jai Prabha Gram, Gonda.
  • Avinash Montessory School, Anandpuri Colony, Jail Road, Gonda
  • Rajendra Nath Lahiri Inter College, Dumariyadeeh, Gonda
  • Subhash Inter College, Umari Begam Ganj, Gonda
  • Saraswati Shishu Mandir Inter College, Near Karuwapara, Intiyathok, Gonda.
  • Bhaiya Haribhan Dutt Inter College (B.H.D), Dhaneypur, Gonda
  • Chedilal Rampher Girls Higher Secondary School Motiganj, Gonda.
  • D.A.V. Inter College, Nawabganj, Gonda
  • Rosewood Inter college, Gonda
  • Pt.Ram Sunder Mishra Vidya inter college, Pipra Bhitaura Gonda.
  • FAA Government Inter College Near Bus Station, Bargoan Road, Gonda
  • swami naryan inter college chhapiya gonda
  • janta inter college patswer nath patize buzurg gonda
  • JANTA INTER COLLEGE INTIYATHOK GONDA
  • Ram Lal Inter College, Chauhan Purwa Dubaha Bazar (Gonda)
  • Vidyanagar kisan inter college ,motiganj,gonda.
  • Govind Prasad Shukla Inter College Gaura Chowki , Gonda

Degree colleges[edit]

All colleges of Gonda are affiliated to Faizabad University.

  • BABA CHAIN SINGH SIKSHA SANSTHAN MADHYA NAGAR INTIYATHOK GONDA
  • Baba Gayadeen Vaidya Babu Ram Mahavidyalaya[17]
  • Baikunth Nath Mahavidyalaya[18]
  • Bhagirathi Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya, Sahibapur, Gonda[19]
  • Chandra Shekhar Shyamraji Mahavidyalaya[20]
  • Dashrath Singh Memorial Mahavidyalay[21]
  • Dr. Bheem Rao Ambedkar Mahavidyalaya[22]
  • Hakikullah Chaudhary Mahavidyalaya[23]
  • Jagdamba Sharan Singh Educational Institute[24]
  • Kamta Prasad Mathura Prasad Janta Mahavidyalaya[25]
  • Kisan Degree College[26]
  • L.B.S. Mahavidyalaya[27] (in Gonda town)
  • Lakhan Lal Sharan Singh Mahavidyalaya[28]
  • Maa Gayatri Ram Sukh Pandey Mahavidyalaya[29]
  • Meena Shah Institute of Techhnology & Management(MSITM) Affiliated to Jamia Hamdard, Hamdard University, New Delhi Mahakavi Tulsidas Mahavidyalaya[30]
  • Nandini Nagar Mahavidyalaya[31] Nawabgang
  • Nandini Nagar Vidhi Mahavidyalaya[32] Nawabgang
  • Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gramoday Mahavidyalaya[33]
  • Pt. Jag Narain Shukla Gramoday Mahavidyalaya[34]
  • Pt. Ram Dutt Shukla Mahavidyalaya[35]
  • Raghoram Diwakar Dutt Gyanoday Mahavidyalaya[36]
  • Raja Raghuraj Singh Mahavidyalaya[37] Mankapur
  • Ram Nath Memorial Mahavidyalaya[38]
  • Ravindra Singh Memorial Mahavidyalaya[39]
  • Saraswati Devi Nari Gyansthali Mahavidyalaya[40] (in Gonda town)
  • Sardar Mohar Singh Memorial Mahila Mahavidyalaya[41] Mankapur
  • Saryu Degree College[42] situated in tehshil Colonelganj of Gonda district.
  • Smt. J. Devi Mahila Mahavidyalaya[43]
  • Sri Raghukul Mahila Vidyapeeth[44] (in gonda town)
  • Subhash Chandra Bose Memorial Mahavidyalaya[45]
  • Guru Vashishta Mahavidyalaya, Mankapur

Institutes[edit]

  • Excellent Career Academy,Computer Institute(ECA),Malviya Nagar
  • Meena Shah Institute of Techhnology & Management(MSITM)
  • Kamlesh Computer Institute of Technology (KCIT) Training Institute
  • ICIT Institute
  • INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER & NETWORKING TECHNOLOGY (I.C.N.T.) MANKAPUR
  • ICS institute(computer and English training)
  • Golden Institute of Information Technology(GIIT) Computer Training
  • Partibha Institute of Information Technology (PIIT) Itiyathok
  • National Institute of Computer & Information Technology, Dubaha Bazar
  • Manas Institute of Information Technology(MIIT)
  • INFOTECH COMPUTER CENTRE ,Near Mankapur Bus Stand, Gonda

Public Health[edit]

Gonda has 15 Allopathic hospitals, 27 Ayurvedic hospitals, 11 Homeopathic hospitals and 2 Unani hospitals, in addition to 66 Government Primary Health Centres.

Gonda is one of the most backward districts of the India in public health parameters. Gonda is one of the districts in the list of top 100 districts in order of Infant Mortality Rate in 2011 census data. It also comes in top 57 districts with highest Maternal Mortality Rate[46]

Others[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gonda District at The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1908, v. 12, p. 312.
  2. ^ India Divine
  3. ^ 1857:The Oral Tradition, Pankaj Rag, Rupa Publication,2010
  4. ^ http://www.dailypioneer.com/nation/3-cops-get-death-5-life-term-for-gonda-fake-encounter.html
  5. ^ http://www.apnnews.com/2013/04/05/3-cops-gets-death-5-get-life-in-gonda-fake-encounter-case/
  6. ^ ICAR site
  7. ^ Official Site
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  10. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est." 
  11. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Connecticut 3,574,097" 
  12. ^ Provisional Population Totals Paper 2 of 2011 - Uttar Pradesh
  13. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  14. ^ His Holiness Sri Swami Sivananda Saraswati Maharaj
  15. ^ Press information release
  16. ^ Planning commission release
  17. ^ [1]
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ [3]
  20. ^ [4]
  21. ^ [5]
  22. ^ [6]
  23. ^ [7]
  24. ^ [8]
  25. ^ [9]
  26. ^ [10]
  27. ^ [11]
  28. ^ [12]
  29. ^ [13]
  30. ^ [14]
  31. ^ [15]
  32. ^ [16]
  33. ^ [17]
  34. ^ [18]
  35. ^ [19]
  36. ^ [20]
  37. ^ [21]
  38. ^ [22]
  39. ^ [23]
  40. ^ [24]
  41. ^ [25]
  42. ^ [26]
  43. ^ [27]
  44. ^ [28]
  45. ^ [29]
  46. ^ List of 57 common districts featuring in top 100 districts in order of Infant Mortality Rate and top 25 administrative divisions

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°15′N 82°00′E / 27.250°N 82.000°E / 27.250; 82.000