Government House, Perth
Government House in Perth, the state capital of Western Australia, Australia, is the official residence of the Governor of Western Australia and was built between 1859 and 1864. The buildings and gardens are listed on the Western Australian Register of Heritage Places and are open to the public from time to time.
The building is a two storey mansion in the early Stuart or Jacobean Revival style set on 32,000 square metres of English gardens in the centre of the Perth business district, between St. Georges Terrace and the Swan River. The unique architectural character of the building is characterised by the use of stonework and bonded brickwork, incorporating square mullioned windows, decorated gables and ogival capped turrets. The attenuated gothic arcading at ground floor level derives from another form of Victorian Revival expression Fonthill Gothic. The building has 16 rooms on the ground floor and 25 on the first floor.
Following the establishment of the Swan River Colony in 1829, the first governor Captain James Stirling and his family were initially housed in tents on a site near the corner of Barrack Street and St Georges Terrace, known today as Stirling Gardens and Supreme Court Gardens. In 1832 a temporary wooden building was constructed on the same site and used until the so-called original Government House was built a short distance away near the present-day site between 1834 and 1835. This building served successive governors until work began on the new present-day Government House, for which the foundation stone was laid on 17 March 1859.
Built at a cost of £15,000 largely by convicts, Governor John Hampton took up residence in 1863, prior to its completion in 1864. In the 1890s, a ballroom was added, designed by or under the direction of government architect, Hillson Beasley who designed a number of other public buildings in the city. 
- Government House (disambiguation)
- Government Houses of Australia
- Government Houses in the Commonwealth
- Governor of Western Australia
- Martens, Jeremy C (2011), Government House and Western Australian society : 1829-2010, UWA Publishing, ISBN 978-1-74258-340-2 - chapter 3 The design and construction of the current Government House 1855-1864 pp.68 - 95
- See page 163-164 of Martens (2011) - original design by Hillson Beasley, ...and chief architect John Grainger was involved.
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