Governor of Western Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Governor of Western Australia
Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg
Badge of the Governor
Incumbent
position vacant
Wayne Martin as Administrator of the State
Kerry Sanderson as Governor-designate
Viceroy
Style Excellency
Residence Government House, Perth
Appointer Elizabeth II
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation 6 February 1832
First holder Captain James Stirling
Website Office of the Governor

The Governor of Western Australia is the representative in Western Australia of the Queen of Australia, Elizabeth II. As with the other governors of the Australian states, the Governor of Western Australia performs important constitutional, ceremonial and community functions, including:

Furthermore, all Bills passed by the Parliament of Western Australia require the Governor's signature before they become Acts and pass into law.

Malcolm McCusker's term as governor expired on 30 June 2014, and he will be succeeded by Kerry Sanderson on 20 October. Wayne Martin, the Chief Justice of Western Australia, is currently acting as Administrator of the State.[1] Until the appointment of Sir James Mitchell in 1948, all governors of Western Australia had been British officials. After Mitchell's appointment, a further three Britons served as governor: Mitchell's two immediate successors, and then, from 1980 to 1983, Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Trowbridge, who was the last British governor of any Australian state.[2] He was the last British governor of any Australian state.

List of Governors of Western Australia[edit]

This is a list of Governors and Lieutenant-Governors of Western Australia.

Lieutenant-Governors of Western Australia[edit]

Standard of the Governor of Western Australia
Standard of the Governor of Western Australia 1953-1988
Standard of the Governor of Western Australia 1870-1953

Stirling was in fact only commissioned as Governor of Western Australia from 4 March 1831, rectifying the absence of a legal instrument providing the authority detailed in Stirling's Instructions of 30 December 1828. Stirling had said of his own position:

I believe I am the first Governor who ever formed a settlement without Commission, Laws, Instructions and Salary.[3]

No. Image Lieutenant-Governor From To
1 Jamesstirling.jpg Captain Sir James Stirling RN 30 December 1828 5 February 1832

Governors[edit]

No. Image Governor From To
1 Jamesstirling.jpg Captain Sir James Stirling RN 4 March 1832 2 January 1839
2 John Hutt.jpg John Hutt 3 January 1839 26 January 1846
3 Andrew Clarke.jpg Lieutenant Colonel Sir Andrew Clarke KCH 27 January 1846 11 February 1847
- Frederick Irwin (1788-1860).jpg Lieutenant Colonel Frederick Irwin (acting Governor) 12 February 1847 11 August 1848
4 Charles Fitzgerald.jpg Captain Charles Fitzgerald 12 August 1848 22 July 1855
5 ArthurEdwardKennedy.jpg Sir Arthur Kennedy GCMG CB 23 July 1855 27 February 1862
6 John Hampton.jpg Dr John Hampton 28 February 1862 1 November 1868
7 Benjamin Pine.jpg Sir Benjamin Pine[4] 2 November 1868 29 September 1869
8 Frederick Weld.jpg The Hon. Sir Frederick Weld GCMG 30 September 1869 10 January 1875
9 Williamrobinson.jpg Sir William Robinson GCMG 11 January 1875 11 November 1877
10 HarryStGeorgeOrd-1877-1880.jpg Major General The Hon. Sir Harry Ord GCMG CB RE[5] 12 November 1877 9 April 1880
- Williamrobinson.jpg Sir William Robinson GCMG (2nd time) 10 Apr 1880 1 June 1883
11 Broome and Barker.jpg Sir Frederick Broome KCMG 2 June 1883 19 October 1890
- Williamrobinson.jpg Sir William Robinson GCMG (3rd time) 20 October 1890 22 December 1895
12 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg Lieutenant Colonel Sir Gerard Smith KCMG 23 December 1895 30 April 1901
13 Arthur Lawley, 6th Baron Wenlock.png The Rt Hon. Baron Wenlock GCIE KCMG 1 May 1901 23 March 1903
14 Frederick Bedford Vanity Fair 3 December 1903.jpg Admiral Sir Frederick Bedford KCB 24 March 1903 30 May 1909
15 Gerald Strickland 1930s.jpg Sir Gerald Strickland KCMG 31 May 1909 16 March 1913
16 HarryBarron.jpg Major General Sir Harry Barron KCMG CVO 17 March 1913 8 April 1917
17 WGEllison-Macartney.jpg The Rt Hon. Sir William Ellison-Macartney KCMG 9 April 1917 8 April 1920
18 Francis Newdegate.jpg Sir Francis Newdegate GCMG 9 April 1920 27 October 1924
19 William Campion and son.jpg Colonel Sir William Campion KCMG DSO TD 28 October 1924 8 June 1931
Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg N/A[6] 1931 1948
20 Sir James Mitchell.jpg Sir James Mitchell GCMG 5 October 1948 30 June 1951
21 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg General Sir Charles Gairdner GBE KCMG KCVO CB 6 November 1951 25 October 1963
22 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg Major General Sir Douglas Kendrew KCMG CB CBE DSO 25 October 1963 6 January 1974
23 HughieEdwards.jpg Air Commodore Sir Hughie Edwards VC KCMG CB DSO OBE DFC 7 January 1974 23 November 1975
24 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg Air Chief Marshal Sir Wallace Hart Kyle GCB KCVO CBE DSO DFC RAF 24 November 1975 24 November 1980
25 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg Rear Admiral Sir Richard Trowbridge KCVO 25 November 1980 24 November 1983
26 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg Professor Gordon Reid AC 2 July 1984 September 1989
27 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg The Hon. Sir Francis Burt AC KCMG QC 29 March 1990 31 October 1993
28 Jeffery Michael 030238DI-002.jpg Major General Michael Jeffery AC CVO MC KStJ 1 November 1993 17 August 2000
29 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg Lieutenant General John Sanderson AC 18 August 2000 31 October 2005
30 Crest of the Governor of Western Australia.svg Dr Ken Michael AC 18 January 2006 2 May 2011
31 11 Nov gnangarra-10.jpg Malcolm McCusker AC CVO QC 1 July 2011 30 June 2014
Government House, the residence of the Governor of Western Australia.

Living former governors[edit]

Four former governors are alive, the oldest being Michael Jeffery. The most recent governor to die was Sir Francis Burt, on 8 September 2004.

Name Term as governor Date of birth
Michael Jeffery 1993–2000 (1937-12-12) 12 December 1937 (age 76)
John Sanderson 2000–2006 (1940-11-04) 4 November 1940 (age 73)
Ken Michael 2006–2011 (1938-04-12) 12 April 1938 (age 76)
Malcolm McCusker 2011–2014 (1938-08-06) 6 August 1938 (age 76)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Honourable Wayne Martin AC, Chief Justice of Western Australia, is Administrator of the State until such time as the 32nd Governor of Western Australia is appointed." Government House, Western Australia. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  2. ^ "13 May 2003, part 1". Dr Geoff Gallop, Premier. Parliamentary Debates (Hansard) (Western Australia: Western Australian Legislative Assembly): pages 7514–7514. 
  3. ^ "Commission appointing Stirling Governor and Commander-in-Chief 4 March 1831 (UK)". Documenting a Democracy. National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 2008-03-05.  - see also Scan of 1st page of parchment original and Bathurst (1831). "Transcription of Commission appointing Stirling Governor and Commander-in-Chief 4 March 1831 (UK)" (pdf (5 pages)). Founding documents: 110 key documents that are the foundation of our nation. National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 2008-03-05. 
  4. ^ Although formally appointed Governor, Pine never actually came to Western Australia to take up his post; the role was filled by an administrator, Lieutenant Colonel John Bruce.
  5. ^ Ord was Lieutenant-Governor from 12 November 1877 to 29 January 1878.
  6. ^ The post of Governor was not filled between 1931 and 1948. Sir John Northmore was administrator until 29 June 1932. He was Lieutenant-Governor until 10 July 1933, and was succeeded as Lieutenant-Governor by Sir James Mitchell until 4 October 1948. Mitchell was appointed Governor from 5 October 1948.

External links[edit]