Gretna, Nebraska

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Gretna, Nebraska
City
Location of Gretna, Nebraska
Location of Gretna, Nebraska
Coordinates: 41°8′20″N 96°14′42″W / 41.13889°N 96.24500°W / 41.13889; -96.24500Coordinates: 41°8′20″N 96°14′42″W / 41.13889°N 96.24500°W / 41.13889; -96.24500
Country United States
State Nebraska
County Sarpy
Area[1]
 • Total 2.10 sq mi (5.44 km2)
 • Land 2.10 sq mi (5.44 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,270 ft (387 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,441
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 5,584
 • Density 2,114.8/sq mi (816.5/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 68028
Area code(s) 402
FIPS code 31-20260
GNIS feature ID 0829697[4]
Website http://www.gretnane.org/
Meat Market in Gretna, circa 1895

Gretna is a city in Sarpy County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 4,441 at the 2010 census. Gretna has the fastest rate of growth of any Nebraska city since 2000.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Gretna started shortly after the Burlington Railroad built a short line between Omaha and Ashland in the summer of 1886.[5] Advent of the village of Gretna on this new laid rail line was the cue for the exit of the nearby trading post of Forest City, which had existed since 1856. In its day, Forest City, located 2.5 miles southwest of where Gretna now stands, was a flourishing and busy place, but it was doomed by the rail road which passed it by. The only marker that exists today to show the site of old Forest City is the cemetery (Holy Sepulcher) which is located a little to the east of what was the center of activity in the settlement. Names that were prominent in the beginnings of Forest City were the families of William Langdon, John Thomas and John Conner.

The Lincoln Land Company, recognizing the potential of the site, surveyed and platted the town site of Gretna in 1887. The village was incorporated by July 10, 1889. The name suggests Scotland's Gretna Green,[6] the ancestral county of some of the earliest settlers.

Community and culture[edit]

The nearest hospitals are Lakeside Hospital (9.5 miles away), located in Omaha, or Midlands Hospital in Papillion (11.4 miles). Papillion is also the location of the county courthouse.

Religion[edit]

  • Acts II Church
  • Good Shepherd Lutheran Church
  • Grace Reformed Church (PCA)
  • Gretna Baptist Church
  • Gretna Community Church (Christian & Missionary Alliance)
  • Gretna United Methodist Church
  • Holy Family Shrine
  • Journey Church (Christian & Missionary Alliance)
  • Resurrection Evangelical Lutheran Church
  • St. Patrick's Catholic Church

Government[edit]

Gretna has a non-partisan election every four years, in years divisible by four, for town mayor. Two rounds are held, with the top two vote-getters in the primary advancing to the general election. The city is split into two wards, with two city council members elected from each ward; council members serve four-year terms. The mayor and council meet twice a month.

Geography[edit]

Gretna is located at 41°8′20″N 96°14′42″W / 41.13889°N 96.24500°W / 41.13889; -96.24500 (41.138898, -96.244947).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.10 square miles (5.44 km2), all of it land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 255
1900 466 82.7%
1910 484 3.9%
1920 491 1.4%
1930 477 −2.9%
1940 482 1.0%
1950 438 −9.1%
1960 745 70.1%
1970 1,557 109.0%
1980 1,609 3.3%
1990 2,249 39.8%
2000 2,355 4.7%
2010 4,441 88.6%
Est. 2013 5,584 25.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 4,441 people, 1,594 households, and 1,139 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,114.8 inhabitants per square mile (816.5/km2). There were 1,671 housing units at an average density of 795.7 per square mile (307.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.4% White, 0.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 1,594 households of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 28.5% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.29.

The median age in the city was 34.5 years. 31.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.7% were from 25 to 44; 21.4% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,355 people, 889 households, and 642 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,996.2 people per square mile (770.6/km²). There were 917 housing units at an average density of 777.3 per square mile (300.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.64% White, 0.04% African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.17% from other races, and 0.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 889 households out of which 38.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.7% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.

The median age in the cit was 36 years. 28.1% of the population was under the age of 18, 8.3% was aged from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 13.0% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $50,112, and the median income for a family was $56,410. Males had a median income of $37,868 versus $27,569 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,729. About 2.3% of families and 3.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Gretna, Sarpy County". Center for Advanced Land Management Information Technologies. University of Nebraska. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Exploring Nebraska Highways: Trip Trivia. Exploring America's Highway. 2007. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-9744358-7-9. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 19, 2013. 

External links[edit]