Sarpy County, Nebraska

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Sarpy County, Nebraska
Sarpy County courthouse and jail 2.JPG
Sarpy County Courthouse in Papillion
Map of Nebraska highlighting Sarpy County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded February 7, 1857
Named for Peter A. Sarpy
Seat Papillion
Largest city Bellevue
Area
 • Total 247 sq mi (640 km2)
 • Land 241 sq mi (624 km2)
 • Water 7 sq mi (18 km2), 2.73%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 165,853
 • Density 640/sq mi (247/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.sarpy.com

Sarpy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 158,840,[1] making it the third most populous county in Nebraska. Its county seat is Papillion.[2]

Sarpy County is included in the Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA Metropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Sarpy County was represented by the prefix "59" (it had the fifty-ninth largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922). Many license plates issued in Sarpy County featured the stacked format of the 59 code. The county, just south of Omaha, had grown significantly in population in the decades following 1922 and therefore required five characters rather than the four allowed by a standard double-digit county code. In 2002, the state discontinued the 1922 system in Sarpy, Douglas and Lancaster counties.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 247 square miles (640 km2), of which 241 square miles (620 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) (2.73%) is water.[4] Sarpy County has the smallest area of any county in Nebraska.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,201
1870 2,913 142.5%
1880 4,481 53.8%
1890 6,875 53.4%
1900 9,080 32.1%
1910 9,274 2.1%
1920 9,370 1.0%
1930 10,402 11.0%
1940 10,835 4.2%
1950 15,693 44.8%
1960 31,281 99.3%
1970 63,696 103.6%
1980 86,015 35.0%
1990 102,583 19.3%
2000 122,595 19.5%
2010 158,840 29.6%
Est. 2012 165,853 4.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 122,595 people, 43,426 households, and 33,220 families residing in the county. The population density was 510 people per square mile (197/km²). There were 44,981 housing units at an average density of 187 per square mile (72/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.18% White, 4.36% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.90% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.86% from other races, and 2.20% from two or more races. 4.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 43,426 households out of which 43.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 9.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.50% were non-families. 18.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county the population was spread out with 30.50% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 33.80% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 6.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 98.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $53,804, and the median income for a family was $59,723. Males had a median income of $37,230 versus $26,816 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,985. About 3.10% of families and 4.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.30% of those under age 18 and 3.30% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Explored in 1805 by Lewis and Clark and settled by fur traders, adventurers, farmers, and finally entrepreneurs, Sarpy County has served as the springboard for Nebraska's settlement and expansion.

Sarpy County is named after Colonel Peter Sarpy,[6] an early fur trader at Fontenelle's Post located in the Bellevue area in the 1840s. Sarpy died in Plattsmouth, Nebraska Territory in 1865.

Despite the fact that Sarpy County contained the oldest settlement in the state, it was one of the last lands along the river to be recognized by law. Finally, on February 1, 1857, the land "where the cities meet the country" was officially created.

Law enforcement and emergency services[edit]

The Sarpy County Sheriff's Department is responsible for enforcing the law within the unincorporated areas of the county.[7] By contract, the department is also responsible for enforcing the law within the city limits of Gretna and Springfield. The cities of Bellevue, La Vista, and Papillion have their own City Police Departments which are primarily responsible for law enforcement within their respective city limits. The Sheriff's Department has secondary responsibility for law enforcement within these three cities, providing essentials such as backup support.

The Sarpy County Law Enforcement Center, built in 1989, is located within the campus of the Sarpy County Courthouse in Papillion. It functions as a Sheriff's office and a jail facility. The Bellevue and LaVista City Police Departments also have their own holding cells. The county jail can hold 148 people, but is currently holding its capacity. To solve for this, the county is planning on expanding the jail to provide room for an additional 125 inmates. The Law Enforcement Center does not provide for detoxification services. Instead, detoxification detainees are transferred to St. Gabriel's Alcohol and Drug Treatment Center in Douglas County.

Fire protection and emergency medical services are provided by a mix of seven full-career, part-time paid, military, and all-volunteer fire departments, representing various municipalities within the county, plus Offut Air Force Base.

Communities[edit]

2012 estimate population[8]

Census Divisions[edit]

Sarpy County is divided into the following divisions, called precincts, except for the City of Bellevue.

  • City of Bellevue
  • Bellevue Second I
  • Bellevue Second II
  • Bellevue Second III
  • Bellevue Second IV
  • Fairview
  • Forest City No. 1
  • Forest City No. 2
  • Gilmore I
  • Gilmore II
  • Highland I
  • Highland II
  • LaPlatte I
  • LaPlatte II
  • La Vista
  • Melia-Forest City
  • Papillion
  • Papillion Second I
  • Papillion Second II
  • Platford-Springfield I
  • Platford-Springfield II
  • Richland I
  • Richland II
  • Richland III
  • Richland IV
  • Richland V
  • Richland VI
  • Richland VII
  • Richland VIII
  • Springfield

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ United States Office of Management and Budget. "Update of Statistical Area Definitions and Guidance on Their Uses" (PDF). pp. 5, 36. Archived from the original on May 14, 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-21. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 22, 2013. 
  6. ^ Burr, George L. (1921). History of Hamilton and Clay Counties, Nebraska, Volume 1. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 136. 
  7. ^ [1][dead link]
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". United States Census Bureau. 2013-06-14. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°07′N 96°07′W / 41.11°N 96.11°W / 41.11; -96.11