Greyabbey

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Coordinates: 54°32′06″N 5°33′36″W / 54.535°N 5.560°W / 54.535; -5.560

Greyabbey
Scots: Greba[1][2][3]
Irish: Mainistir Liath
Grey Abbey (314914).jpg
The abbey after which the village was named
Greyabbey is located in Northern Ireland
Greyabbey
Greyabbey
 Greyabbey shown within Northern Ireland
Population 1,011 (2001 Census)
District Ards Borough
County County Down
Country Northern Ireland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Postcode district BT
Dialling code 028
EU Parliament Northern Ireland
List of places
UK
Northern Ireland
Down

Greyabbey or Grey Abbey is a small village, townland and civil parish located on the eastern shores of Strangford Lough, on the Ards Peninsula in County Down, Northern Ireland. It lies 7 miles (11 km) south of Newtownards. In the 2001 Census it had a population of 1,011 people. It is within the Borough of Ards.

Greyabbey is often associated with the antiques trade, there being several specialist antiques shops in the village, as well as some interesting Georgian and Victorian buildings. Of particular note is Mount Stewart Estate (National Trust) as well as a traditional coaching inn.

History[edit]

The village (and townland) derives its name from Grey Abbey, a Cistercian abbey-monastery located on the north side of the village, dating from 1193. Historically it was also called Monesterlee or Monesterlea, which are anglicisations of its Irish name Mainistir Liath ("grey abbey/monastery").[4] It was founded by Affreca, daughter of Godred Olafsson, King of the Isles, and wife of John de Courcy, Anglo-Norman conqueror of the province of Ulster. The site of the abbey was on the Ards Peninsula, 7 miles (11 km) from Newtownards, at the confluence of a small river and Strangford Lough.. Architecturally it is important as the first fully gothic style building in Ulster; it is the first fully stone church in which every window arch and door was pointed rather than round headed. The abbey is located in the parkland of Rosemount House, home of the Montgomery family, to the east side of the village.

Tradition says that Affreca founded the abbey in thanksgiving for a safe landing after a perilous journey at sea. The abbey was colonised with monks from Holmcultram in Cumberland, with which it maintained close ties in the early years. The construction of the stone church began almost immediately. In 1222 and again in 1237 abbots of Grey Abbey went on to become abbots of Holmcultram. The Latin name of the abbey is Iugum Dei, which means 'Yoke of God'. Little is known of the abbey's history, though it appears to have been almost completely destroyed during the invasion of Edward Bruce (1315–18). No reliable sources concerning the value of the abbey foundation survive, but it is not likely to have been prosperous. The abbey was dissolved in 1541. In the same year part of the monastic property was granted to Gerald, earl of Kildare. The monastery was physically destroyed during the military operations of the Elizabethan era. In 1572, Brian O'Neill burnt Grey Abbey in order to stop it being used as a refuge for English colonists trying to settle in the Ards Peninsula. In the seventeenth century the church nave was re-roofed and served as a parish church until 1778.

In the late nineteenth century repairs were executed by the Commissioner of Public Works. Unfortunately, an excessive amount of concrete was used, the crudity of which is still obvious today. The remains of the abbey include the abbey church and some of the conventual buildings, dating from c. 1193 – c. 1250. The original plan of the monastery can be followed with ease through foundations and earthworks. The abbot’s seat has been preserved. It is fitted inside a pointed arch and flanked by detached colonettes. Corbel tables are also a rarity in Ireland, but the Cistercians can boast two of them, one at Tintern and one at Grey. At Grey the corbels were inserted when the roof was raised, probably in the early fifteenth century. There are eight of them altogether, carved with oak leaves, human figures and animal heads. An outstanding effigy of a 'sword seizing' knight survives, thought to date from c. 1300 as well as an effigy of a woman carved in high relief and attired in thickly cut robes. Tradition relates that this is Affreca, who was buried in the abbey, but the style suggests that the effigy actually originated in the fourteenth century, a hundred years after her death. The ruins are now set in a private parkland, belonging to the eighteenth-century mansion, Rosemont House. The park is not accessible to the public.

Irish Rebellion of 1798 – On the morning of Pike Sunday, 10 June 1798 a force of United Irishmen, mainly from Bangor, Donaghadee, Greyabbey and Ballywalter attempted to occupy the town of Newtownards. They met with musket fire from the market house and were defeated. It is because of this association with the rebellion that the term "The Green Boys o' Greba" was given to the men of the village. GREBA is the name given to the village by the local residents, and also by those from the neighbouring areas. It is a localised "Ulster-Scots" terminology. The Rebellion of 1798 also affected the village in another form, with the death by hanging of the Rev. James Porter, Minister of Trinity Presbyterian Church, Greyabbey, which took place on 2 July 1798. The final resting place of Rev. Porter is in the Old Graveyard, Greyabbey, which itself lies adjacent to the ancient Abbey ruins.

  • On the Tullykevin Road in Greyabbey there is a brass plate on a field post in remembrance of a pilot who crashed and died there during the Second World War.

Churches[edit]

In the village are three places of worship, St. Saviours, Church of Ireland; Trinity Presbyterian Church; and First (Non-Subscribing) Presbyterian Church. Services in all three take place each Sunday, with various other associated meetings throughout the week. The local Roman Catholic place of worship is at St. Marys' Star of the Sea, Nunsquarter, Inishargy, with services each Saturday evening and Sunday morning, and also meetings throughout the week.

Loyal Orange Lodge[edit]

A Loyal Orange Lodge, working under the authority of the Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland sits in the Orange Hall, Main Street, Greyabbey. It takes the title of Greyabbey Loyal Orange Lodge, number 1592, and is itself part of the Upper Ards District LOL No 11, in the County Down Grand Orange Lodge. It was first formed in the village in 1863 and has had continued membership to the present day. A Junior Orange Lodge also meets in the village and takes the title of Greyabbey Junior Loyal Orange Lodge, number 253, and works under the authority of the Junior Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland. The Junior Lodge was formed in 1977.

Bands[edit]

Greyabbey has had many musicians who have learned their skills through membership of the local bands. These bands, also known as 'marching bands' have ranged from Part-music Flute, Accordion, and the present-day First-Flute. They provide 'entertainment' for those who have membership of the band as well as those resident in the village as they take part in street parades, such as Remembrance Day, village Festivals, Somme Anniversary, and Orange Lodge Sunday Service parades and Boyne Anniversary parades. The village also has had the traditional Ulster Lambeg Drums as part of the music scene of the area. The history of these large percussion instruments goes back to the Williamite Wars in Ireland, circa 1690.

People[edit]

The nickname of the local residents of the village is the 'Greba Cras', deriving from the name of the village, 'Greyabbey', and from the abundance of 'Crows' who make their homes in the trees that grow on the outskirts of the village. A mythical story regarding this nickname tells the reader that in times gone by, when the Abbey was inhabited by the monks and they wanted to share the company of a female they would wrap their habit (cloak) around themselves, turn themselves into a crow, fly over the Abbey wall, lift an unsuspecting female, bring her back into the Abbey, and turning back into human form have some fun with her, before turning back into a crow and fly her back over the wall. A story, or yarn, to be surely taken with a large pinch of salt.

  • Actress Flora Montgomery, who featured in film and theatre, is the daughter of William Montgomery of Rosemount House and was born and raised in Greyabbey, their ancestral house
  • Botanist Rev. Coslett Herbert Waddell lived in the village

Townlands[edit]

Like most villages in Northern Ireland Greyabbey is surrounded by an array of townlands, mostly farmland with some dwelling houses dotted throughout them.

These townlands, with the localised meaning in brackets, include:

  • Ballyblack (Black's townland)
  • Ballyboley (townland of the summer pasturage)
  • Ballyboghilbo (the townland of the cowherd)
  • Blackabbey (the Black Abbey)
  • Ballybryan (Brian's townland)
  • Ballycastle (townland of the castle)
  • Ballyewry (townland of the place of yew trees)
  • Ballygrangee (townland of the grange)
  • Ballymurphy (Murphy's townland)
  • Ballynester (the townland of the doorkeeper)
  • Ballyurnanellan (the townland of the yew of the island)
  • Bootown (Booth's townland)
  • Cardy (the forge)
  • Gordonall (Gordon's lands)
  • Killyvolgan (central wood)
  • Kilnatierny (the Lord's little wood)
  • Mount Stewart (the mount of the Stewarts)
  • Rosemount (the manor house)
  • Tullycavey (Kevin's hillock)

Islands[edit]

Islands dotted around Strangford Lough and set within the Greyabbey Parish area include :- Boretree Island; Boretree Rock; Chanderies; Chapel Island; Gabbock Island; Hare Island; Mid Island; Pattersons Hill; Peggys Island; Pig Island; South Island; Turley Rock; and Whaup Rock.

Sport[edit]

The village has boasted many good football teams, through the local Rosemount Football Club. Organised football in Greyabbey celebrates 100 years in 2012. The present youth football tournament falls under the management of the ABBEY STAR JUNIORS, itself founded in 1984. Greyabbey is proud to boast the top scorer in an Irish Cup Final was from the village. Bill McAvoy hit four goals in the Irish Cup Final replay in 1969 when Ards, from the County Down town of Newtownards, defeated Distillery 4-1 in extra-time to take the cup away from their Belfast opponents.

Environment[edit]

There is a DRD Water Service wastewater treatment works at Greyabbey, which employs sophisticated membrane technology. This facility and a similar Works at Kircubbin, were completed under the same £3.5 million contract. The original Greyabbey Wastewater Treatment Works was designed to treat wastewater for a population of 1,000. Since being upgraded, it is capable of treatment for a population of 2,500. The Works at Greyabbey helps to protect the marine environment in Strangford Lough. Two sea defences are located at Greyabbey on the eastern side of the Lough.

2001 Census[edit]

Greyabbey is classified as a village by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with a population between 1,000 and 2,250 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 1,011 people living in Greyabbey. Of these:

  • 18.9% were aged under 16 years and 22.9% were aged 60 and over
  • 50.5% were female and 49.5% of the population were male
  • 86.4% were from a Protestant background and 6.6% were from a Roman Catholic background
  • 1.9% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Scottish Connection North Down Tourism.
  2. ^ Drumming Recital at Greyabbey Primary School Ulster-Scots Agency.
  3. ^ Ulster-Scots Steid-Names: Gie Greba's Heid A Bit O Peace The News Letter.
  4. ^ Placenames NI

External links[edit]