Haflong

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Haflong
হাফলং
Town
Nickname(s): Switzerland of the East, Mini North-East
Haflong is located in Assam
Haflong
Haflong
Coordinates: 25°11′N 93°02′E / 25.18°N 93.03°E / 25.18; 93.03Coordinates: 25°11′N 93°02′E / 25.18°N 93.03°E / 25.18; 93.03
Country  India
State Assam
District Dima Hasao district
Government
 • Body Haflong Town Committee
Area
 • Total 12.79 km2 (4.94 sq mi)
Elevation 966.216 m (3,170.000 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 43,756
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Haflong Hindi language
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 03673

Haflong (Assamese: হাফলং) is a town and headquarters of Dima Hasao district in India in the state of Assam. It is the only hill station in Assam.[1]"Haflong" got its name from Dimasa word better known "Ha-floong" or "Hangkhlong" which means "Ant Hill". According to the Zeme Nagas( one of the earliest group to settle at Haflong areas) traditions the term 'Haflong' is derived from a person name Hamlong;the erstwhile landlord of Haflong areas.The term "Haflong" is even prominent in the clans of the Dimasas like "Haflongbar". According to some old people Haflong was given a name by the British, Half-Long to indicate half way from kamrup. Haflong hillstation is known for its beautiful landscapes, valleys, hills and mountains.

Geography[edit]

Haflong is located at Coord |25.18|N|9E. It has an average elevation of 966.216 metres (3170 feet).

Climate[edit]

Haflong has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), falling just short of a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Haflong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
25.2
(77.4)
28.4
(83.1)
29.0
(84.2)
20.0
(68)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
28.2
(82.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.3
(75.7)
26.0
(78.8)
18.1
(64.6)
29
(84.2)
Average high °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
25.7
(78.3)
24.9
(76.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
22.19
(71.97)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
22.7
(72.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.7
(71.1)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.8
(53.2)
17.76
(63.97)
Record low °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.1
(39.4)
6.3
(43.3)
12.0
(53.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.4
(59.7)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
15.7
(60.3)
10.6
(51.1)
8.3
(46.9)
5.0
(41)
3.7
(38.7)
Rainfall mm (inches) 11.9
(0.469)
18.3
(0.72)
55.8
(2.197)
147.9
(5.823)
244.2
(9.614)
316.4
(12.457)
345.4
(13.598)
264.3
(10.406)
185.9
(7.319)
91.2
(3.591)
18.7
(0.736)
7.1
(0.28)
0
(0)
Avg. rainy days 1.8 2.9 5.8 13.1 17.0 19.6 22.3 18.5 15.2 7.4 2.8 1.3 127.7
Average humidity (%) 69 55 47 48 55 51 53 52 53 52 52 52 53.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 106.3 174.7 180.1 181.0 152.2 102.0 104.0 121.2 98.0 104.6 131.0 132.5 1,587.6
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization.,[2] NOAA (extremes & humidity, 1971-1990)[3]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory.[4]

The lowest temperature ever recorded was 2.4°C on January 7, 1980.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2012 the India census, Haflong had a population of 43,756. Males constitute 45% of the population and females 55%. Haflong has an average literacy rate of 92%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 75%. In Haflong, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The population of the Town comprises various tribes & races who maintain their own dialect, culture, customs & usages. Apart from various tribes(Oriental Indians), non-tribals also account for a sizable amount of the population. They are mostly government employees, traders living in urban & semi-urban area. The small and serene Town shelter the lovely people – warm and fascinating – and as colourful as the land itself. It is also the home of various tribes: Dimasa, Nagas, Hmar, Kukis, Mizo, Bengali, Assamese, Gorkha, Biate and Hrangkhol.

Languages[edit]

Commonly spoken languages are Haflong Hindi, Hmar, Dimasa, Zeme Naga, kuki, Khasi, Biate, Bengali, Assamese, and Nepali .

Politics[edit]

Haflong is part of Autonomous District (Lok Sabha constituency). It is the headquarters of Dima Hasao Autonomous District.

Modes of communication[edit]

Though there is no direct Air connection to Haflong, one can fly to Guwahati or Silchar or Dimapur from where easy road or rail options are available. Haflong has a metre gauge train station which connects it with Lumding and Silchar.

Education[edit]

Some prominent educational institutions of Haflong are:

Schools
  • Haflong Government Boys Higher Secondary School
  • St. Agnes' Convent High School
  • Don Bosco High School, Haflong
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Haflong
  • Government Girls Higher Secondary School
  • CHT Synod High School
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir
  • PMS High School
  • Narzareth High School
  • Covenant High School
  • Vivekananda Vidyalaya
  • Sengya Sambudhan High School
Colleges
  • Haflong Government College

Tourism Attractions[edit]

Main attractions are

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haflong - Assam's Hill Station, India-north-east.com
  2. ^ World Weather Information Service-Guwahati, World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Haflong Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ Climatological Information for Haflong, India, Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 24 July 2013.

External links[edit]