Haflong

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Haflong
হাফলং
Town
Nickname(s): Switzerland of the East, Mini North-East
Haflong is located in Assam
Haflong
Haflong
Coordinates: 25°11′N 93°02′E / 25.18°N 93.03°E / 25.18; 93.03Coordinates: 25°11′N 93°02′E / 25.18°N 93.03°E / 25.18; 93.03
Country  India
State Assam
District Dima Hasao district
Government
 • Body Haflong Town Committee
Area
 • Total 12.79 km2 (4.94 sq mi)
Elevation 966.216 m (3,170.000 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 43,756
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Dimasa language, Haflong Hindi language
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 03673

Haflong (Assamese: হাফলং) is a town and headquarters of Dima Hasao district in India in the state of Assam. It is the only hill station in Assam.[1]"Haflong" got its name from Dimasa word better known "Ha-floong" or "Hangkhlong" which means "Ant Hill".The term "Haflong" is prominent in use among the Dimasas, in folklores and songs of the bygone eras."Haflongbar" is one of the 40 paternal clans of the Dimasas. According to the Zeme Nagas traditions the term 'Haflong' is derived from a person name Hamlong;the erstwhile landlord of Haflong areas.". According to some old people Haflong was given a name by the British, Half-Long to indicate half way from kamrup. Haflong hillstation is known for its beautiful landscapes, valleys, hills and mountains.

Geography[edit]

Haflong is located at Coord |25.18|N|9E. It has an average elevation of 966.216 metres (3170 feet).

Climate[edit]

Haflong has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa), falling just short of a tropical savanna climate (Köppen climate classification Aw).

Climate data for Haflong
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.8
(83.8)
25.2
(77.4)
28.4
(83.1)
29.0
(84.2)
20.0
(68)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
28.2
(82.8)
25.8
(78.4)
24.3
(75.7)
26.0
(78.8)
18.1
(64.6)
29
(84.2)
Average high °C (°F) 19.6
(67.3)
20.2
(68.4)
21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72)
22.2
(72)
25.7
(78.3)
24.9
(76.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.7
(72.9)
22.3
(72.1)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
22.19
(71.97)
Average low °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
20.0
(68)
22.7
(72.9)
20.9
(69.6)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
21.7
(71.1)
21.9
(71.4)
16.7
(62.1)
11.8
(53.2)
17.76
(63.97)
Record low °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
4.1
(39.4)
6.3
(43.3)
12.0
(53.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.4
(59.7)
18.4
(65.1)
18.1
(64.6)
15.7
(60.3)
10.6
(51.1)
8.3
(46.9)
5.0
(41)
3.7
(38.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 11.9
(0.469)
18.3
(0.72)
55.8
(2.197)
147.9
(5.823)
244.2
(9.614)
316.4
(12.457)
345.4
(13.598)
264.3
(10.406)
185.9
(7.319)
91.2
(3.591)
18.7
(0.736)
7.1
(0.28)
0
(0)
Avg. rainy days 1.8 2.9 5.8 13.1 17.0 19.6 22.3 18.5 15.2 7.4 2.8 1.3 127.7
Average relative humidity (%) 69 55 47 48 55 51 53 52 53 52 52 52 53.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 106.3 174.7 180.1 181.0 152.2 102.0 104.0 121.2 98.0 104.6 131.0 132.5 1,587.6
Source #1: World Meteorological Organization.,[2] NOAA (extremes & humidity, 1971-1990)[3]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory.[4]

The lowest temperature ever recorded was 2.4°C on January 7, 1980.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2012 the India census, Haflong had a population of 43,756. Males constitute 45% of the population and females 55%. Haflong has an average literacy rate of 92%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 75%. In Haflong, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. The population of the Town comprises various tribes & races who maintain their own dialect, culture, customs & usages. Apart from various tribes(Oriental Indians), non-tribals also account for a sizable amount of the population. They are mostly government employees, traders living in urban & semi-urban area. The small and serene Town shelter the lovely people – warm and fascinating – and as colourful as the land itself. It is also the home of various tribes: Dimasa, Nagas, Hmar, Kukis, Mizo, Bengali, Assamese, Gorkha, Biate and Hrangkhol.

Languages[edit]

Commonly spoken languages are Haflong Hindi, Dimasa, Hmar, Zeme Naga, kuki, Khasi, Biate, Bengali, Assamese, and Nepali .

Politics[edit]

Haflong is part of Autonomous District (Lok Sabha constituency). It is the headquarters of Dima Hasao Autonomous District.

Modes of communication[edit]

Though there is no direct Air connection to Haflong, one can fly to Guwahati or Silchar or Dimapur from where easy road or rail options are available. Haflong has a metre gauge train station which connects it with Lumding and Silchar.

Education[edit]

Some prominent educational institutions of Haflong are:

Schools
  • Haflong Government Boys Higher Secondary School
  • St. Agnes' Convent High School
  • Don Bosco High School, Haflong
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Haflong
  • Government Girls Higher Secondary School
  • CHT Synod Higher Secondary School
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir
  • PMS High School
  • Narzareth High School
  • Covenant High School
  • Vivekananda Vidyalaya
  • Sengya Sambudhan High School
Colleges
  • Haflong Government College

Tourism Attractions[edit]

Main attractions are

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haflong - Assam's Hill Station, India-north-east.com
  2. ^ World Weather Information Service-Guwahati, World Meteorological Organization. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Haflong Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  4. ^ Climatological Information for Haflong, India, Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 24 July 2013.

External links[edit]