Hamm–Minden railway

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Hamm–Minden
Cologne-Minden trunk line in dark red
Route number: 400 (Hamm–Bielefeld)
370 (Bielefeld–Minden)
Line length: 112
Track gauge: 1435
Maximum speed: 200 or 120
Trunk line from Hanover
63.0 Minden (Westf) freight station
64.4 Minden (Westf)terminus of S 1
67.6 Porta Po junction
68.5 Porta Westfalica(freight station)
69.1 Porta Westfalica crossover
69.9 Porta Westfalica
73.9 Vennebeck
Weser
78.2 Bad Oeynhausen freight station
79.5 Bad Oeynhausen
82.1 Gohfeld
Weser line from Hameln
85.3 Löhne (Westf)
86.8 Löhne (Westf) Gbf
Hanoverian Western Railway to Bünde
Line from Bünde
91.6 Hiddenhausen-Schweicheln
95.6 Herford
Line to Detmold
98.0 Diebrock siding
102.6 Brake (b Bielefeld)
Schildescher Viaduct
108.1 Bielefeld Hbf Vbf
Line from Lemgo
109.5 Bielefeld Hbf
112.7 Brackwede goods station
113.8 Brackwede
Line to Osnabrück
Senne Railway to Paderborn
118.9 Ummeln
121.7 Isselhorst-Avenwedde siding
121.8 Isselhorst-Avenwedde
(Avenwedde flying junction)
Teutoburg Forest Railway (TWE)
former connecting curve to TWE
126.9 Gütersloh Hbf
former Rheda Railway from Lippstadt
135.8 Rheda-Wiedenbrück
Warendorf Railway to Münster
146.2 Oelde
Line from Ennigerloh
155.1 Neubeckum
Line to Münster
Line to Beckum
155.9 Neubeckum goods station
159.4 Vorhelm
162.5 Ahlen (Westf) freight yard
165.1 Ahlen (Westf)
(Ahlen flying junction)
172.3 Heessen
173.9 Heessen(former station)
Line from Münster
Line from Feldmark junction
Lippe and Datteln-Hamm Canal
176.4 Hamm (Westf)
176.8 Hamm port marshalling yard(junction)
Line to Warburg
Line to Hagen
Freight line from Hamm Gallberg
Hamm marshalling yard
Line to Oberhausen-Osterfeld
Selmig(junction)
Freight line to Bönen Autobahn junction
Trunk line to Dortmund

The Hamm–Minden Railway is an important and historically significant railway in Germany. It is completely quadruple track. It is a major axis for long distance passenger and freight trains between the Ruhr and the north and east of Germany. It is the part of the trunk line built by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (German, old spelling: Cöln-Mindener Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft, CME) from Köln Deutz to Minden. It was opened in 1847 and has been modernized and developed several times since then.

History[edit]

Trunk line in Bielefeld
Line in Porta Westfalica in 1967 prior to the electrification

The route was opened on 15 October 1847 by the Cologne-Minden Railway Company (CME) as the last part of its trunk line, extending the line previously completed from Deutz (near Cologne) to Düsseldorf, Duisburg, Dortmund and Hamm. It connected with the Royal Hanoverian State RailwaysHanover–Minden line, which was opened the same day. The CME's line was originally laid with two tracks, although some sections were put into operation before the second track was finished. Because of its importance for Prussia’s east-west transport and for international transport at the beginning of the 20th Century, the line was made a four-track line. Many crossings were replaced with underpasses and railway stations were rebuilt in order to provide space for the route.

Operationally, the line is run as two separate two track routes, the one having the VzG number 1700, being built and maintained for passenger services and allowing speeds up to 200 km/h, whilst the route with the VzG number of 2990 is used mainly for freight and has a maximum speed of 120 km/h. Between Ahlen until shortly east of Gütersloh route 2990 uses the two southernmost tracks, whilst 1700 comprise the northernmost pair; west of Ahlen and east of Gütersloh route 1700 uses the southernmost pair of tracks. The lines were electrified in the mid-1960s.

High-speed test track[edit]

The first Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan (1973) identified the Dortmund–Hannover–Brunswick line as one of eight railway development projects.[1] Already in the same year a 28 km long section of track between Gütersloh and Neubeckum was made available for high-speed trials for speeds up to 250 km/h. Locomotive 103 118 with special gear ratios achieved a maximum speed of 252.9 km/h in September 1973.[2] Vehicles were also built to test catenary for high-speed operations. The minimum curve radius was 3,300 metres and maximum cant was 120 mm. Experiments were carried out on different types of track (including slab track), catenary and turnouts.[3]

Upgrading for high-speed[edit]

In 1980, it became one of the first lines in Germany upgraded for high speeds lines when a 58.0 kilometre long section between Hamm and Brackwede (near Bielefeld) was upgraded for scheduled services at 200 km/h.[4]

In mid-1985 a test train hauled by locomotive103 003 with special gear ratios between Brackwede and Neubeckum reached a speed of 283 km/h, a rail speed record in Germany.[5] On 26 November 1985, at 11:29, an InterCityExperimental train fully occupied with passengers on the line between Gutersloh and Hamm reached a speed of 317 km/h. This was a new German record for rail vehicles and a world record for rail vehicles using three-phase power.[6][7]

Bridges[edit]

Schildesche viaduct[edit]

Schildesche Viaduct

A remarkable bridge on the trunk line is the viaduct in the Bielefeld suburb of Schildesche. The original viaduct was completed in 1847 was double track with 28 spans and in 1917 a largely identical viaduct was built next to it. During World War II it was badly damaged on 14 March 1945 by a Grand Slam bomb dropped by a No. 617 Squadron RAF Avro Lancaster.[8] After the war one line was reopened with a temporary steel strut for freight traffic, while passenger trains used a winding bypass built as a diversionary route prior to the bombing, known as the "rubber railway”. In 1965 the viaduct was reopened, the two-track viaduct for the “passenger route” having been repaired with concrete spans replacing the destroyed masonry spans, and the other using a provisional steel-frame construction built from old Wehrmacht pioneer materials. In 1983 the “freight route” viaduct was fully repaired, featuring the same concrete architecture used for the passenger route’s bridge.

Weser bridge[edit]

The Weser bridge in Rehme (Bad Oeynhausen) a suburb was destroyed by an air raid on 23 March 1945.[9] The bridge was rebuilt after the war with only two tracks, creating a two-track bottleneck between Bad Oeynhausen station and the Neesen yard (in Porta Westfalica). This situation ended only with the construction of a new Weser bridge in December 1984.

Services[edit]

There is an hourly Intercity-Express trains service on line 10 from Berlin, via Hannover to Hamm, where trains are split (or are combined, in the reverse direction). Services continue to Dortmund, Essen, Duisburg, Köln Messe/Deutz and Cologne/Bonn Airport or Hagen, Wuppertal and Cologne (some continue to Koblenz and Trier). Other InterCity and ICE trains also run. Regional-Express trains run on line RE6 (Westfalen-Express, Minden–Düsseldorf) every hour and other services operate on sections of the route.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Block, Rüdiger (1991). "Auf neuen Wegen. Die Neubaustrecken der Deutschen Bundesbahn (The new lines of the German Federal Railways)". Eisenbahn-Kurier (in German) (21): 30–35. 
  2. ^ Ellwanger, Guntherlast (1987). "Neubaustrecken und Schnellverkehr der Deutschen Bundesbahn. Chronologie (New DB lines and express trains. Chronology)". In Reimers, Knut; Linkerhägner, Wilhelm. Wege in die Zukunft. Neubau- und Ausbaustrecken der DB. (Pathways to the future. New and upgraded lines of the DB) (in German). Darmstadt: Hestra Verlag. pp. 245–250. ISBN 3-7771-0200-8. 
  3. ^ "Versuche mit hohen Geschwindigkeiten bei der Deutschen Bundesbah (Experiments with high speeds by the German Federal Railways)". Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German): 215. May 1974. 
  4. ^ Block, Rüdiger (1991). "ICE-Rennbahn: Die Neubaustrecken (ICE Racetrack: The new lines)". Eisenbahn-Kurier (in German) (21): 36–45. 
  5. ^ "Deutscher Rekord auf der Schienen-Strecke Bielefeld–Hamm (German record on Bielefeld-Hamm line)". Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German) 34 (7/8): 511. May 1985. 
  6. ^ "ICE erreicht 317 km/h (ICE reaches 317 km/h)". Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German) 34 (12): 846. May 1985. 
  7. ^ "ICE ZUG DER ZUKUNFT (ICE train of the future)". Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German) 34 (12): 908. May 1985. 
  8. ^ "Ten Tonner - video of a Grand Slam being dropped on the Bielefeld Viaduct". Movietone News/youtube.com. Retrieved 21 March 2010. 
  9. ^ Kleinebenne, Hermann (1999). Die Weserlinie, Kriegsende 1945 (The Weser line, war's end 1945 (in German). Stolzenau.