Harry A. Ironside
|Harry A. Ironside|
|Born||October 14, 1876
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||January 15, 1951
Cambridge, New Zealand
Cause of death
|Spouse(s)||Helen Scofield Ironside, Ann Hightower Ironside|
Henry Allen "Harry" Ironside (October 14, 1876 – January 15, 1951) was a Canadian-American Bible teacher, preacher, theologian, pastor, and author.
Ironside was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, to John and Sophia (Stafford) Ironside, who were both active in the Plymouth Brethren. At birth, Harry was thought to be dead, so the attending nurses focused their attention on Sophia, who was dangerously ill. Only when a pulse was detected in Harry, 40 minutes later, was an attempt made to resuscitate the infant. When Harry was two years old, his father, John, died of typhoid, at the age of 27. From a very early age, Ironside showed a strong interest in evangelical Christianity and was active in the Salvation Army as a teenager before later joining the "Grant" section of the Plymouth Brethren.
The family then moved to Los Angeles, California, on December 12, 1886, and finding no Sunday school there for him to attend, Harry started his own at age 11. Gathering old burlap bags, Harry and his childhood friends sewed them together, producing a burlap tent that could accommodate up to 100 people. Unable to find an adult teacher, Ironside himself did the teaching, with attendance averaging 60 children—and a few adults—each week.
In 1888, well-known evangelist Dwight L. Moody preached at a campaign in Los Angeles, with meetings held at Hazard's Pavilion, (later known as "Temple Pavilion") which could seat up to 4,000. This inspired Ironside, who hoped to also be able to preach to such crowds one day. In 1889, after a visit from evangelist Donald Munro, Ironside became convinced that he was not "born again," and so gave up preaching at his Sunday school, spending the next six months wrestling with this spiritual problem. After an evening of prayer, in February 1890, Ironside, at age 13, accepted Christ. As he is quoted as saying years later, "I rested on the Word of God and confessed Christ as my Savior." Ironside then returned to preaching, winning his first convert. Though he was taunted at school, he was undeterred from his mission to win souls. Later that year, his mother remarried, to William D. Watson. Ironside graduated from the eighth grade, began working as a part-time cobbler, and decided he had enough education (he never attended school again, which he later regretted).
During the days, young Ironside worked full-time at a photography studio, and at night he preached at Salvation Army meetings, becoming known as the "boy preacher." At age 16, he left the photography business and became a preacher full-time with the Salvation Army. Commissioned a Lieutenant in the Salvation Army, Ironside was soon preaching over 500 sermons a year around Southern California. At 18, the grueling schedule had taken its toll on his health, and Ironside resigned from the Salvation Army, entering the Beulah Rest Home to recuperate.
In 1896, at 20, he moved to San Francisco, becoming associated again with the Plymouth Brethren. While there, he began helping at British evangelist Henry Varley's meetings, and there met pianist Helen Schofield, daughter of a Presbyterian pastor in Oakland, California. The two soon married. In 1898, Ironside's mother died, and less than a year later, Harry and Helen's first son, Edmond Henry was born. The family moved across the bay to Oakland, where Harry resumed a nightly preaching schedule. They resided there until 1929.
In 1903, Ironside accepted his first East Coast preaching invitation, but on returning, the family only had enough funds to make it as far as Salt Lake City, Utah, where he spent the next ten days doing street preaching. Just as the last of their money for a hotel ran out, they received an anonymous envelope with $15, enough to return to Oakland. In 1905, a second son, John Schofield Ironside, was born.
During this time, Ironside also began his career as a writer, publishing several Bible commentary pamphlets. In 1914, he rented a storefront and established the Western Book and Tract Company, which operated successfully until the depression in the late 1920s. From 1916 to 1929, Ironside preached almost 7,000 sermons to over 1.25 million listeners. In 1918, he was associated with evangelist George McPherson; and in 1924, Ironside began preaching under the direction of the Moody Bible Institute. In 1926, he was invited to a full-time faculty position at the Dallas Theological Seminary, which he turned down, although he was frequently a visiting lecturer there from 1925 to 1943. After a series of sermons presented at the The Moody Church, in Chicago, he was invited to a one-year trial as head pastor there in 1929. Almost every Sunday that he preached there, the four thousand seat church was filled to capacity. While there, he continued traveling to other US cities during the week for preaching engagements. In 1932, he expanded his travels internationally. Ironside preached at the 1935 funeral of Billy Sunday, at Moody Church. In 1938, he toured England, Scotland and Ireland, preaching 142 times to crowds of upwards of two thousand. In 1942, he also became president of the missionary organization, Africa Inland Mission.
Bob Jones, Jr., wrote that although Ironside was considered a dignified man, when one got to know him, "he had a terrific sense of humor. Nothing was more fun than to have a good meal in a home somewhere when Dr. Ironside was present. After he was full—he could eat a lot, and he ate faster than any man I ever saw, and his plate would be empty before everyone else got served—he would sit back, push his chair back from the table, and begin to tell funny stories and personal experiences." Never one to ask money for himself, Ironside was skilled at raising money for other evangelical causes and was often asked to take the offering at Bible conferences. He joked that his tombstone would read, "And the beggar died also."
A few months after he and his wife celebrated their golden wedding anniversary, Helen died on May 1, 1948. Ironside resigned as pastor of Moody Church on May 30 and retired to Winona Lake, Indiana. On October 9, 1949, he married Annie Turner Hightower, of Thomaston, Georgia, who became his constant companion. He suffered from failing vision, and after surgery to restore it, he set out on November 2, 1950, for a preaching tour of New Zealand, once more among Brethren assemblies, but died in Cambridge, New Zealand, on Jan 15, 1951 and was buried there.
Along with others such as Cyrus Scofield, he was influential in popularizing dispensationalism among Protestants in North America. Despite his lack of formal education, his tremendous mental capacity, photographic memory and zeal for his beliefs caused him to be called, "the Archbishop of Fundamentalism."
Ironside was one of the most prolific Christian writers of the 20th Century and published more than eighty books and pamphlets, a number of which are still in print. He also wrote the popular hymn Overshadowed. One editorial reviewer wrote of a 2005 republication that, "Ironside's commentaries are a standard and have stood the test of time."
- Lectures on Daniel the Prophet (1920: Loizeaux Bros)
- Good News from a Far Country (1934: Eerdmans)
- Do We Wrongly Divide the Truth? (1935: Otis Q. Sellers)
- Wrongly Dividing the Word of Truth: Ultra-Dispensationalism Examined In The Light Of Holy Scripture — a critique of the teachings of E. W. Bullinger and hyperdispensationalism.
- Expository Notes on the Prophet Isaiah (1952: Loizeaux Bros.)
- Notes on the Prophecy and Lamentations of Jeremiah (1952: Loizeaux Bros.)
- The Four Hundred Silent Years (Loizeaux Bros)
- A Historical Sketch of the Brethren Movement (Loizeaux Bros)
- Not Wrath but Rapture (Loizeaux Bros)
- The Levitical Offerings (Loizeaux Bros)
- Letters to a Roman Catholic (Loizeaux Bros)
- Eternal Security of the Believer (Loizeaux Bros)
- The Crowning Day (1997: Emerald House Group)
- The Minor Prophets (2004: Kregel Publications)
- Revelation (2004: Kregel Publications)
- Daniel (2005: Kregel Academic and Professional)
- Expository Notes on the Epistles of James and Peter (1945: Loizeaux Bros)
A more complete list is available at sources such as The Brethren writers Hall of Fame
References and sources
- English, E. Schuyler, H.A. Ironside, Ordained of the Lord, Loizeaux Bros. (1976) ISBN 0-87213-143-2.
- Reese, Edward, The Life and Ministry of Harry Ironside, Fundamental Publishers (1976).
- Hoke, Donald E. Life Story of Harry Ironside. 1944: Christian Supply Center
- Short biography of Ironside from wholesomewords.org.
- Ironside, "Eternal Security of the Believer."
- Ironside reminiscences
- Short biography of Ironside from "Brethren Writers Hall of Fame."
- Ironside, Harry A., Holiness: The False And The True, Pickering & Inglis (1959). The first two parts of this book are autobiographical.
- Ironside, Harry A., Random Reminiscences from Fifty Years of Preaching (Fundamentalism in American Religion, 1880-1950), Garland Science, 1988, ISBN 0-8240-5038-X. A few selections from this are posted online at .
- Pugmire, Herbert J. 1955. Dr. Ironside's Bible: Notes and Quotes from the Margins. Neptune, NJ: Loizeaux Brothers.
- Exterior view of Hazard's Pavilion (later the site of the Temple Auditorium) at the intersection of Fifth Street and Olive Street, Los Angeles, ca.1895
- Cinema Treasures | Clune's Auditorium
- Faith Hall of Fame - Henry Allan Ironside. In 2011, Bob Jones University renamed a residence hall that formerly honored Bibb Graves after Ironside. BJU website, accessed June 4, 2011.
- Bob Jones, Cornbread and Caviar (Greenville: Bob Jones University Press, 1985), 65.
- English, 205.
- Michael Catt, amazon.com
- Salvation Army
- Plymouth Brethren
- Moody Bible Institute
- Dallas Theological Seminary
- Cyrus Scofield