Harvey W. Scott
|Harvey W. Scott|
February 1, 1838|
|Died||August 7, 1910
|Occupation||Newspaper editor, The Oregonian|
Scott was born in on a farm in Peoria, Illinois and migrated to Oregon with his family in 1852, settling in Yamhill County. He and his family moved near Olympia, Washington in 1853. At age 18, he fought in the American Indian Wars. Scott walked from the Puget Sound to Forest Grove, Oregon in 1857. He attended high school there for two years and then became the first alumnus of Pacific University in 1863. He worked for a short time as the librarian of the Library Association of Portland, and then was editor of The Oregonian newspaper from 1866–1872. His editorials strongly supported the Union and the newly emerging Republican party during the Civil War. Scott also edited the first history of Portland, Oregon, published in 1890, and compiled the six-volume History of the Oregon Country with his son, Leslie M. Scott, who published it after Harvey's death.
After leaving the paper in 1872, Scott was the collector of customs for the Port of Portland until 1877. He then bought a sizable amount of stock in The Oregonian and returned as its editor-in-chief. Around 1880, he vociferously opposed public high schools in Oregon, especially Portland, stating "the machinery of the schools has grown too cumbrous and expensive a system; that there are too many studies; that the high school is not a proper part of the system of public education;... that those who desire for their children an education beyond the common branches of the old-fashioned common school should pay for it."
Mount Scott, an extinct volcano in Happy Valley, was named after him, as was Harvey Scott Elementary School in Northeast Portland. Using $10,000 left in his widow's will for the purpose, Gutzon Borglum (notable for sculptures on Mount Rushmore) was commissioned to erect a statue of Harvey Scott. The city council chose the summit of Mount Tabor for the statue in 1928, and Borglum placed a model of the statue there in 1930. The bronze statue was dedicated on July 22, 1933, with approximately 3000 in attendance, 23 years after Scott died. Oregon governor Julius Meier was chairman of the event, and Chester Harvey Rowell gave a speech.
- Abigail Scott Duniway – Harvey's sister, started a rival newspaper The New Northwest in support of women's suffrage
- Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition – Scott was president from 1903 to 1905.
- Henry Pittock
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harvey W. Scott.|
- Note: Middle name also spelled "Whitfield".
- Holman, Alfred (1 Jun 1913). "Harvey W. Scott, Editor—Review of His Half-Century Career and Estimate of His Work". The Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society 14. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
- Snyder, Eugene E. (1991). Portland Potpourri. Portland, Oregon: Binford & Mort. pp. 73–79. ISBN 0-8323-0493-X.
- Polich, Edward L. (1950). A history of Portland's secondary school system with emphasis on the superintendents and the curriculum (Thesis/dissertation). University of Portland. pp. 35–36, 39. OCLC 232551057.
- Scott, Harvey (1890). History of Portland Oregon. D. Mason & Co., Syracuse.
- Scott, Harvey W.; Leslie M. Scott (1924). History of the Oregon Country. Cambridge: Riverside Press. p. 187.
- River View Cemetery