Hazel McCallion

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Her Worship
Hazel McCallion
CM
Hazel McCallion.jpg
Hazel McCallion in 2010.
4th Mayor of Mississauga
Incumbent
Assumed office
December 1, 1978
Preceded by Ron Searle
Personal details
Born Hazel Journeaux
(1921-02-14) February 14, 1921 (age 93)
Port Daniel, Quebec
Political party Independent
Spouse(s) Sam McCallion (m. 1951; died 1997)
Alma mater University of Toronto Mississauga (Hon.)
Profession Professional hockey player,
Businesswoman,
Politician
Religion Anglican
Signature

Hazel McCallion, née Journeaux, CM (born February 14, 1921) is the current mayor of Mississauga, Ontario.[1]

McCallion was first elected in November 1978, and is the longest serving mayor in the city's history. Early in her career, a psychic predicted that she would only last for one term of office.[2] Instead, she was a successful candidate in 12 municipal elections, having been acclaimed twice and re-elected 10 other times.[1] Her supporters gave her the nickname "Hurricane Hazel" because of her outspoken political style.[3][4]

Personal life[edit]

Journeaux was born at Port Daniel on the Gaspé Coast of Quebec. Her father, Herbert Armand Journeaux (1879–1944), owned a fishing and canning company. Her mother, Amanda Maude Travers (1876–1955),[5] was a homemaker and ran the family farm. The family also comprised two older sisters and two older brothers. After graduating from Quebec High School, she attended business secretarial school in Quebec City and Montreal. She has stated, especially while receiving university honours, that she would have wanted to attend university, but her family could not afford it. After beginning her career in Montreal with the Canadian Kellogg company, she was transferred to Toronto in 1942, where she helped set up the local office. McCallion left the business world in 1967 to devote her life to a career in politics.[1]

Downtown Streetsville

She met her future husband, Sam McCallion (1923–97),[6] at an Anglican Church congregation in Toronto in 1951; they married on September 29 of that year.[7] As a marriage present from McCallion’s in-laws, a piece of land was given to the newlyweds near the village of Streetsville, Ontario, to which they moved in December 1951.[8] McCallion has three children. In 1997, her husband died of Alzheimer's disease. She still resides in Streetsville.

Before entering politics, she and her husband founded The Streetsville Booster in 1964.[9][a]

Political career[edit]

Early years[edit]

McCallion began her political career in Streetsville. Her first campaign was in 1964 for the position of deputy reeve. It was unsuccessful, and she later considered herself to be a victim of dirty tricks.[9] Having later been appointed as the chairman of the Streetsville Planning Board, she was successully elected as deputy reeve in the 1967 election[10] and was appointed reeve in 1968.[11] She was elected as Streetsville's mayor in 1970,[12] serving until 1973. The Town of Streetsville was amalgamated with the Town of Mississauga and the Town of Port Credit to form the City of Mississauga at the beginning of 1974. McCallion advocated unsuccessfully to preserve Streetsville as a separate municipality.[13]

By the time she was elected mayor of Mississauga, she had sat on virtually every committee in Peel Region and the City of Mississauga. She has also served on the executive of many federal and provincial committees and associations.

Mayor of Mississauga[edit]

Mississauga City Hall

McCallion was first elected mayor in 1978, narrowly defeating the popular incumbent Ron A. Searle. She had been in office only a few months when the 1979 Mississauga train derailment occurred, where a Canadian Pacific train carrying toxic chemicals derailed in a heavily populated area near Mavis Road. A large explosion and fire ensued as hazardous chemicals spilled. McCallion, along with the Peel Regional Police and other governmental authorities, oversaw the evacuation of the city. Despite having sprained her ankle, she continued to hold press conferences and update briefings. There were no deaths or serious injuries during the weeklong emergency, and Mississauga gained renown for the peaceful evacuation of its then 200,000 residents.

During McCallion's terms in office, Mississauga has grown from a small collection of towns and villages to one of Canada’s largest cities, much of which occurred after the 1976 election of René Lévesque's Parti Québécois government sparked an exodus of Anglophones and corporations from Montreal to the Greater Toronto Area.[14][15][16]

Mississauga Central Library.

McCallion has been easily elected for the last 20 years, with no serious challengers coming close to unseating her as mayor of the city.[17] She has not campaigned during elections and refuses to accept political donations, instead asking her supporters to donate the money to charity. She is now in her 12th consecutive term as mayor, having won her most recent bid for reelection on October 25, 2010,[18] and has announced that she will not be running for re-election in the 2014 municipal elections [19]

In 2012 McCallion was the third highest paid mayor in Canada, with a salary of $187,057.[20]

In a first-person account for Canadian magazine Confidence Bound, McCallion credited her faith with giving her energy, and said she still does her own household chores. "Housework and gardening are great forms of exercise and keep one humble."[21]

On her 90th birthday, Dr. Barbara Clive, a geriatrician, stated that "At 90 her gait is perfect, her speech is totally sharp and she has the drive to still run this city. She’s the poster child for seniors".[22]

Conflict of interest allegations[edit]

In 1982, McCallion was found guilty of a conflict of interest on a planning decision by the Ontario High Court of Justice due to not absenting herself from a council meeting on a matter in which she had an interest. However, it was found to be a bona fide error of judgment and she was not required to vacate her seat.[23][24]

In 2009 McCallion was the focus of public opinion when it was alleged that she failed to disclose a conflict of interest when attending meetings that concerned her son's company, World Class Developments Ltd.[25][26] On October 3, 2011, Judge Douglas Cunningham found McCallion "acted in a 'real and apparent conflict of interest' while pushing hard for a real estate deal that could have put millions of dollars in her son’s pocket."[27] On June 14, 2013, charges under the Municipal Conflict of Interest Act were dismissed as WCD did not have a financial interest as defined under the Act, and the application was also statute-barred.[28] In a later ruling concerning costs, Sproat J said, "Out of seven major issues, Mayor McCallion was successful on only three. On two of the three issues Mayor McCallion was successful, not because of any prudence or diligence, but only because WCD’s project had not progressed at a faster pace."[29]

Political views[edit]

While party preferences are not usually expressed in Canadian municipal politics, McCallion supports the Liberal Party at the federal and provincial levels, and was asked in 1982 to consider running for the leadership of the Liberal Party of Ontario.[30] She endorsed Kathleen Wynne on the convention floor of the 2013 Ontario Liberal Party leadership election,[31] and later endorsed her and her party in the 2014 Ontario general election.[32] Otherwise, McCallion has been described as a "small-c" conservative.[33]

In 2007, McCallion responded to the federal government's refusal to give any of the GST to cities, a funding source long requested by many municipalities across Canada, by planning a 5 per cent surcharge on property taxes in the city. She was able to have the levy introduced and approved on the same day by Mississauga council. Most media coverage, as well as Miller, noted that McCallion was arguably one of the few mayors in the country with the political capital to implement such a strategy.[34]

Recognition[edit]

Honours[edit]

The following have been conferred on McCallion:

Achievements[edit]

  • McCallion established the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) Mayors' Committee in 1992. She brought together the 30 GTA Mayors, later adding the Chair of Metropolitan Toronto and the four Regional Chairs to work cooperatively for the economic promotion of the GTA. From 1992 to January 2000, the committee, chaired by McCallion, was a strong voice on key issues affecting the future of the GTA.[1]
  • She is a founder and honorary co-chair of the Greater Toronto Marketing Alliance.
  • In 1996, McCallion was appointed to the "Who Does What" panel. She was also appointed to two sub-panels: Assessment and Property Taxation Reform, and Emergency Services.
  • She represented the Association of Municipalities of Ontario on the Electricity Transition Committee for the Ministry of Electricity, Science and Technology.
  • McCallion is the first woman to hold such significant positions as president of the Streetsville and District Chamber of Commerce, president of the Anglican Young Peoples' Association of Canada, mayor of Streetsville, and mayor of Mississauga.
  • She is responsible for the formation of Hazel's Hope, a campaign to fund health care for children afflicted with AIDS and HIV in southern Africa.[42]
  • McCallion hosts an annual gala in Mississauga to raise money for arts and culture in the city.[43]

Hockey[edit]

McCallion played for a professional women's hockey team while attending school in Montreal. McCallion began playing hockey in the late 1920s in the town of Port Daniel, Quebec. She played with her two sisters and was a forward on their team. McCallion later played hockey for $5 a game in the city of Montreal. The team was sponsored by Kik Cola and was part of a three-team women’s league.[44]

At the 1987 World Women's Hockey Tournament (not recognized by the IIHF), the championship trophy was named the Hazel McCallion World Cup.[45] At one time, McCallion was a board member of the Ontario Women's Hockey League, and was instrumental in the construction of the Hershey Centre in Mississauga. McCallion provided assistance for Don Cherry’s group to bring an Ontario Hockey League franchise to the city in 1998, and she was instrumental in bringing the IIHF Women’s World Hockey Championships to the city in 2000.

International politics[edit]

McCallion was one of the first Canadian politicians to openly support the creation of a Palestinian state. Addressing the annual convention of the Canadian Arab Federation in 1983, she argued that Palestinian issues had been distorted by the national media and was quoted as saying, "The Palestinians need and require and deserve a country of their own. Why shouldn't they get it?"[46]

Other[edit]

  • In April 2006, a police standoff involving a distraught man threatening to kill himself ended after five hours when McCallion appeared on the scene and demanded he stand down so that police, paramedic, and fire personnel could attend to more important matters.[47]

Further reading[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ since merged with the Mississauga News, part of the Metroland group of community newspapers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "About the Mayor". City of Mississauga. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  2. ^ Urbaniak 2009, p. 94.
  3. ^ Dalton McGuinty (April 2, 2004). "Remarks In Tribute To Hazel McCallion". Government of Ontario. Retrieved 2014-10-05. 
  4. ^ "From hay fields to metropolis: Hazel McCallion reflects on her career as mayor of Mississauga, Ont.". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Urbaniak 2009, p. 13.
  6. ^ Elik, Kristy (February 21, 2008). "Nominate a caring volunteer for the 2008 Sam McCallion Award". The Booster. 
  7. ^ "McCallion, Hazel". Heritage Mississauga. 
  8. ^ Urbaniak 2009, p. 30.
  9. ^ a b Urbaniak 2009, p. 33.
  10. ^ Urbaniak 2009, p. 34.
  11. ^ Urbaniak 2009, p. 35.
  12. ^ Urbaniak 2009, p. 38.
  13. ^ Urbaniak 2009, pp. 42–51.
  14. ^ Carroll, William K (2002). "Westward ho? The shifting geography of corporate power in Canada". Journal of Canadian Studies. 
  15. ^ Linteau, Paul-Andre. "Montreal: Economy and Labour". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  16. ^ Couture, Patrick. "René Lévesque: La loi 101". Republique Libre. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  17. ^ Ted Woloshyn (September 17, 2010). "Pretenders testing contender Hazel". Toronto Sun. 
  18. ^ "McCallion wins 12th term as Mississauga mayor". Canada: CBC News. October 25, 2010. [dead link]
  19. ^ "Former MP Steve Mahoney enters Mississauga mayoral race". 17 March 2014. 
  20. ^ "The 9 highest paid mayors in Canada". 2012. 
  21. ^ Archie D'Cruz (2007). "Hazel: I don't believe in regrets". Confidence Bound. 
  22. ^ San Grewal, "Hazel McCallion at 90: ‘the poster child for seniors’", 14 February 2011.
  23. ^ Graham v. McCallion 1982 CanLII 2014, 39 OR (2d) 740 (30 September 1982), Superior Court of Justice (Ontario, Canada)
  24. ^ Patrick, Kelly (April 8, 2006). "Hazel McCallion". Canada: National Post. 
  25. ^ Toronto Star September 30, 2009
  26. ^ O'Toole, Megan (August 18, 2010). "Mississauga inquiry: World Class enlisted Mayor Hazel McCallion’s help". National Post. 
  27. ^ "McCallion: a ‘real and apparent’ conflict of interest". Toronto Star. 3 October 2011. 
  28. ^ "Hazel McCallion cleared on conflict of interest charges". CBC News. June 14, 2013. 
  29. ^ Hazineh v. McCallion 2013 ONSC 6619, par. 20 (24 October 2013)
  30. ^ Bascaramurty, Dakshana (June 27, 2014). "For Hazel McCallion, the campaign never stops". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). 
  31. ^ Hoskins Discussed Health Ministry, Sousa Finance, With Pupatello Prior To Supporting Wynne: Senior Sources. Ontario News Watch. 2013-02-07.
  32. ^ Mississauga Mayor Hazel McCallion endorses Kathleen Wynne. CBC News. 2014-05-14.
  33. ^ Grant, Kelly (November 9, 2007). "McCallion shows Miller how it's done". Canada: National Post. 
  34. ^ Hertz, Barry (November 8, 2007). "We do things quickly here: Hazel McCallion". National Post. 
  35. ^ "World Mayor Results 2005". World Mayor. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  36. ^ a b Trillium Giving, "Mayor Hazel McCallion, A health care champion close to all our hearts", 2009.
  37. ^ "Portrait of mayor unveiled". The Mississauga News. March 19, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Mayor Hazel McCallion Awarded the Order of the Rising Sun". City of Mississauga. 10 June 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  39. ^ "UTM Academic Learning Centre Honours Mississauga Mayor Hazel McCallion". The PAC Express (University of Toronto at Mississauga) 6 (1): 1. February 2005. 
  40. ^ "Trillium Gala honours Mayor Hazel McCallion and issues Cardiac Challenge to the community", April 25, 2008.
  41. ^ "Sheridan College's 90th Birthday Gift to Mayor Hazel McCallion Will Honour Her Legacy". Sheridan College. February 13, 2011. 
  42. ^ "Hazel's Hope - A Vision of World Citizenship". Empire Club of Canada. June 22, 2006. 
  43. ^ Miller, Jason (November 9, 2008). "Mississauga parties with Regis and Hazel". Toronto Star. 
  44. ^ "Profiles of Notable Women in Hockey". Hockey Hall of Fame. 
  45. ^ On the Edge: Women Making Hockey History, p. 80, by Elizabeth Etue and Megan K. Williams, Second Story Press, Toronto, Ontario, 1996, ISBN 0-929005-79-1
  46. ^ "Palestinians get support from Mississauga mayor", Globe and Mail, 23 May 1983, 5.
  47. ^ "Mississauga Mayor Hurricane Hazel McCallion turns 90". CP24. February 14, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ron Searle
Mayor of Mississauga
1978-Present
Incumbent
New title Ward 9 Councillor, Mississauga
1974-1977
Succeeded by
Ken Dear
Preceded by
Jack Graham
Mayor of Streetsville
1970-1973
Amalgamation with Mississauga
Preceded by
D.E. Hewson
Reeve of Streetsville
1968-1969
Succeeded by
Wm. Appleton
Preceded by
G. Parker
Deputy Reeve of Streetsville
1968
Succeeded by
Wm. C. Arch