|Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada|
April 14, 2013
|Preceded by||Bob Rae (interim)|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament
October 14, 2008
|Preceded by||Vivian Barbot|
|Born||Justin Pierre James Trudeau
December 25, 1971
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
|Spouse(s)||Sophie Grégoire (m. 2005)|
|Relations||Alexandre Trudeau (Brother)
Michel Trudeau (Brother)
James Sinclair (Grandfather)
Charles Trudeau (Grandfather)
|Parents||Pierre Trudeau (Father)
Margaret Sinclair (Mother)
|Alma mater||McGill University
University of British Columbia
Justin Pierre James Trudeau MP (born December 25, 1971) is a Canadian politician and the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. Trudeau is the eldest son of Pierre Trudeau, long-serving Prime Minister, and Margaret Trudeau. He was elected as the Member of Parliament for the riding of Papineau in 2008, and re-elected in 2011. He has served as the Liberal Party's critic for Youth and Multiculturalism, Citizenship and Immigration, and Post Secondary Education, Youth and Amateur Sport. On April 14, 2013, Trudeau was elected leader of the Liberal Party of Canada.
Trudeau was born in Ottawa, Ontario, to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and Margaret Trudeau (née Sinclair). He is the second child in Canadian history to be born when one of his parents was prime minister; the first was John A. Macdonald's youngest daughter Margaret Mary Macdonald. Trudeau's younger brothers Alexandre (Sacha) (born December 25, 1973) and Michel (October 2, 1975 – November 13, 1998) were the third and fourth. Trudeau's maternal grandfather, Scottish-born James Sinclair, served as Minister of Fisheries in the cabinet of Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent.
Trudeau's parents separated in 1977, when Trudeau was six years old, and his father retired as prime minister in 1984. Of his mother and father's marriage, Trudeau said in 2009, "They loved each other incredibly, passionately, completely. But there was 30 years between them and my mom never was an equal partner in what encompassed my father's life, his duty, his country."
After leaving politics Pierre Trudeau raised his children in relative privacy in Montreal. Trudeau attended Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf, his father's alma mater. In 2008, Trudeau said that of all his early family outings he enjoyed camping with his father the most, because "that was where our father got to be just our father – a dad in the woods." Trudeau, then 28, emerged as a prominent figure in October 2000, after delivering a eulogy at his father's state funeral. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) received numerous calls to rebroadcast the speech after its initial transmission, and leading Quebec politician Claude Ryan described it as "perhaps [...] the first manifestation of a dynasty." A book issued by the CBC in 2003 included the speech in its list of significant Canadian events from the past fifty years.
Trudeau has a Bachelor of Arts degree in literature from McGill University and a Bachelor of Education degree from the University of British Columbia. After graduation, he worked as a French and math teacher at West Point Grey Academy and Sir Winston Churchill Secondary School in Vancouver, British Columbia. From 2002 to 2004, he studied engineering at the Université de Montréal. He also started a Master of Arts degree in Environmental Geography at McGill University before suspending his program to seek public office.
In 2007, Trudeau starred in the two-part CBC miniseries The Great War, which gave an account of Canada's participation in the First World War. He portrayed Talbot Mercer Papineau, who was killed on October 30, 1917, during the Battle of Passchendaele.
Trudeau is one of several children of former prime ministers who have become Canadian media personalities. The others are Ben Mulroney (son of Brian Mulroney), Catherine Clark (daughter of Joe Clark), and Trudeau's younger brother, Alexandre. Ben Mulroney was a guest at Trudeau's wedding.
Trudeau has used his public status to promote various causes. He and his family started the Kokanee Glacier Alpine Campaign for winter sports safety in 2000, two years after his brother Michel Trudeau died in an avalanche during a ski trip. In 2002, Trudeau criticized the British Columbia government's decision to stop its funding for a public avalanche warning system.
Trudeau chaired the Katimavik youth program, a project started by longtime family friend Jacques Hébert, from 2002 to 2006. In 2002–03, he was a panelist on CBC Radio's Canada Reads series, where he championed The Colony of Unrequited Dreams by Wayne Johnston. Trudeau and his brother Alexandre inaugurated the Trudeau Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies at the University of Toronto in April 2004; the centre later became a part of the Munk School of Global Affairs. In 2006, he hosted the Giller Prize for literature.
In 2005, Trudeau fought against a proposed $100-million zinc mine that he argued would poison the Nahanni River, a United Nations World Heritage Site located in the Northwest Territories. He was quoted as saying, "The river is an absolutely magnificent, magical place. I'm not saying mining is wrong [...] but that is not the place for it. It's just the wrong thing to be doing."
Trudeau supported the Liberal Party from a young age, offering his support to party leader John Turner in the 1988 federal election. Two years later, he defended Canadian federalism at a student event at the Collège Jean-de-Brébeuf, an elite Jesuit high school which he attended.
Following his father's death, Trudeau became more involved with the Liberal Party throughout the 2000s. Along with Olympian Charmaine Crooks, he co-hosted a tribute to outgoing prime minister Jean Chrétien at the party's 2003 leadership convention and was later appointed to chair a task force on youth renewal after the party's defeat in the 2006 federal election.
In October 2006, Trudeau criticized Quebec nationalism by describing political nationalism generally as an "old idea from the 19th century", "based on a smallness of thought" and not relevant to modern Quebec. This comment was seen as a criticism of Michael Ignatieff, then a candidate in the 2006 Liberal Party leadership election, who was promoting recognition of Quebec as a nation. Trudeau subsequently wrote a public letter on the subject, describing the idea of Quebec nationhood as "against everything my father ever believed."
Trudeau announced his support for leadership candidate Gerard Kennedy shortly before the 2006 convention and introduced Kennedy during the candidates' final speeches. When Kennedy dropped off after the second ballot, Trudeau went with him to support the ultimate winner, Stéphane Dion.
Rumours circulated in early 2007 that Trudeau would run in a by-election in the Montreal riding of Outremont, but he instead announced that he would seek the Liberal nomination in Papineau for the next general election. Trudeau faced off against Mary Deros, a Montreal city councillor and Basilio Giordano, the publisher of a local Italian-language newspaper for the Liberal nomination. On April 29, 2007, he easily won the party's nomination, picking up 690 votes to 350 for Deros and 220 for Giordano.
Prime Minister Stephen Harper called an election for October 14, 2008, by this time Trudeau had been campaigning for a year in Papineau. On election day Trudeau narrowly defeated Bloc Québécois incumbent Vivian Barbot. Following his election win, Edward Greenspon, editor-in-chief of The Globe and Mail, noted that Trudeau would "be viewed as few other rookie MPs are—as a potential future prime minister—and scrutinized through that lens."
The Conservative Party won a minority government in the 2008 election, and Trudeau entered parliament as a member of the Official Opposition. Trudeau was the first member of the 40th Parliament of Canada to introduce a private member's motion, in which he called for a "national voluntary service policy for young people". The proposal won support from parliamentarians across party lines. He later co-chaired the Liberal Party's April 2009 national convention in Vancouver, and in October of the same year he was appointed as the party's critic for multiculturalism and youth. In September 2010, he was reassigned as critic for youth, citizenship, and immigration. He was critical of the Harper government's legislation targeting human smuggling, which he argued would penalize the victims of smuggling.
He encouraged an increase of Canada's relief efforts after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, and sought more accessible immigration procedures for Haitians moving to Canada in the time of crisis. His own riding includes a significant Haitian community.
Trudeau was re-elected in Papineau in the 2011 Canadian federal election, as the Liberal Party fell to third-party standing in the House of Commons with only thirty-four seats. Ignatieff resigned as party leader immediately after the election, and rumours again circulated that Trudeau could run to become his successor. On this occasion, Trudeau said, "I don't feel I should be closing off any options," but added, "because of the history packaged into my name, a lot of people are turning to me in a way that [...] to be blunt, concerns me." Weeks after the election Toronto MP Bob Rae was selected to serve as the interim leader until the party's leadership convention, which was later decided to be held in April 2013. Rae appointed Trudeau as the party's critic for Post Secondary Education, Youth and Amateur Sport. Trudeau has been acknowledged as the "rock star" of the party, and since his re-election he has travelled the country hosting fundraisers for charities and the Liberal Party.
During March 2012 Trudeau took part in a charity boxing match on behalf of "Fight for the Cure" with Conservative senator, Patrick Brazeau. Trudeau won the fight in the third round, and the result was considered an upset.
Liberal Party leadership
After Dion's resignation as Liberal leader in 2008, Trudeau's name was mentioned as a potential candidate to succeed him, with polls showing him as a favourite among Canadians for the position. However, he did not enter the race and Ignatieff was later acclaimed as leader in December 2008. After the party's poor showing in the 2011 election, Ignatieff resigned from the leadership and Trudeau was again seen as a potential candidate to lead the party. Following the election Trudeau said he was undecided about seeking the leadership and months later announced he would not seek the post because he had a young family. When interim leader Rae, who was also seen as a frontrunner, announced he would not be entering the race in June 2012, Trudeau was hit with a "tsunami" of calls from supporters to reconsider his earlier decision to not seek the leadership. Opinion polling conducted by several pollsters showed that if Trudeau were to become leader the Liberal Party would surge in support, from a distant third place to either being competitive with the Conservative Party or leading them. In July 2012, Trudeau stated that he would reconsider his earlier decision to not seek the leadership and would announce his final decision at the end of the summer.
2013 leadership election
On September 26, 2012, multiple media outlets started reporting that Trudeau would launch his leadership bid the following week. While Trudeau was seen as a frontrunner for the leadership of the Liberal Party, he was criticized for his perceived lack of substance. During his time as a Member of Parliament he spoke little on policy matters and it was not known where he stood on many issues such as the economy and foreign affairs. Some strategists and pundits believed the leadership is the time for Trudeau to be tested on these issues, however there was also fear within the party that his celebrity status and large lead may deter other strong candidates from entering the leadership race.
On October 2, 2012, Trudeau held a rally in Montreal to launch his bid for the leadership of the Liberal Party. The core people on his campaign team are considered longtime friends, and all in their 30s and 40s. His senior advisor is Gerald Butts, the former President of WWF-Canada who previously served as principal secretary to ex-Ontario premier Dalton McGuinty. Other senior aides include campaign manager Katie Telford, and policy advisors Mike McNeir and Robert Asselin, who have all worked for recent Liberal Party leaders. His brother Alexandre also took a break from his documentary work to be a senior advisor on Trudeau's campaign.
During the leadership campaign three by-elections were held on November 26, 2012. The riding Calgary Centre was expected to be a three-way race between the Conservatives, Liberals and Green Party. A week before by-election day Sun Media reported on comments Trudeau had made in a 2010 interview with Télé-Québec, in which he said "Canada isn't doing well right now because it's Albertans who control our community and socio-democratic agenda." Trudeau's campaign advisor said that the comments were being brought up now due to the close race in Calgary Centre. The following day, Trudeau apologized, saying he was wrong to use "Alberta" as "shorthand" in referring to Stephen Harper's government. The Conservatives held onto Calgary Centre in the by-election by less than 1,200 votes. Liberal candidate Harvey Locke said he lost the by-election on his own and that comments made by Trudeau did not influence the outcome.
Fellow leadership candidate Marc Garneau, seen as Trudeau's main challenger in the race, criticized Trudeau for not releasing enough substantial policy positions. Garneau called on him to release more detailed policies before members and supporters begin to vote. Garneau later challenged Trudeau to a one-on-one debate, and said that if Trudeau could not defend his ideas in a debate against him, he wouldn’t be able to do so against Prime Minister Harper. Trudeau also clashed in debates with challenger Joyce Murray, who was the only Liberal leadership candidate to speak out strongly in favour of electing the House of Commons with a system of proportional representation; Murray favours a system which supplements individual districts with list seats to make a party's seat share for a given region identical to vote share. She challenged Trudeau on the issue, especially over his assertion that voters wanted proportional representation because they didn't understand the consequences of adopting it.
With Joyce Murray the last challenger receiving significant press time, more Liberal politicians and public figures declared themselves for Trudeau. Trudeau was declared the winner of the leadership election on April 14, 2013, garnering 80.1% of 30,800 votes. Joyce Murray finished in second place with 10.16% points, ahead of Martha Hall Findlay's 5.71% and behind winner Justin Trudeau's 80.09% points. Trudeau had lost only 5 ridings, all to Murray and all in BC.
Polls conducted during the leadership race showed that support for the Liberals would surge if they were led by Trudeau. Days after winning his party's leadership a poll showed that the Liberal Party was the choice of 43 per cent of respondents. This compared to 30 per cent for the governing Conservatives and 19 per cent for the Official Opposition New Democrats.
According to EKOS Politics, in October 2013 Trudeau's approval numbers improved to a 48-29 Approval-Disapproval; Thomas Mulcair's jumped to a slight lead at 50-25, while Stephen Harper's ratings sank to 24-69. A December 12–15 (2013) EKOS poll showed the Liberals preferred by 32.1% of voters, the Conservatives by 26.2%, the NDP 22.9%. Likely voters, estimated by removing those who didn't vote in 2011, moved the parties into a logjam: Liberals 29.1%, Conservatives 28.5%, NDP 27.2%.
In 2013, Justin Trudeau chose to give up his seat at the funeral of Nelson Mandela, in deference to Irwin Cotler as representative of the Liberal Party of Canada, due to Cotler's work for and with Nelson Mandela in fighting Apartheid.
Trudeau launched an internet video the week before the 2014 Liberal party convention entitled "An economy that benefits us all" in which he narrates his economic platform. He said that Canada’s debt to GDP ratios have come down in recent years and now it’s time for Ottawa to "step up".
Trudeau has stated that he wishes to form a party that is "resolutely pro-choice" and that potential Liberal candidates in the 2015 election who are anti-abortion would not be greenlighted for the nomination if they did not agree to vote pro-choice on abortion bills. This stance was in line with a resolution passed by a majority of Liberal party members at its 2012 policy convention. Trudeau's stance has received mixed reaction from politicians and Catholic officials alike, with former MP Jim Karygiannis saying it will "definitely hurt the party;" and Toronto Cardinal Thomas Collins writing to Trudeau urging him to reverse his ruling, only to have him defend his ruling and decline meeting with other Catholic clergy to discuss the matter.
After the legalization of marijuana in Colorado, Trudeau expressed his favour in the potential legalization in Canada, saying that Canadians would benefit from analyzing the experiences of both Colorado and Washington.
Trudeau has expressed opposition towards the proposed Quebec Charter of Values, saying it would make the people of Quebec "choose between their freedom of religion and freedom of expression, freedom of conscience and their economic well-being and their acceptance in the workplace. That for me is a real concern." As of 2014, the Charter was dismissed after the Quebec Liberal Party won in the 2014 provincial election.
Trudeau first met Sophie Grégoire when they were both children growing up in Montreal, as Grégoire was a classmate and childhood friend of Trudeau's youngest brother, Michel. They reconnected as adults in June 2003, when Grégoire, by then a Quebec television personality, was assigned as Trudeau's co-host for a charity ball; they began dating several months later. Trudeau and Grégoire became engaged in October 2004, and married on May 28, 2005 in a Catholic ceremony at Montreal's Sainte-Madeleine d'Outremont Church. They have three children: sons Xavier James (born October 2007) and Hadrien (born February 2014), and daughter Ella-Grace Margaret (born February 2009).
In June 2013, two months after Trudeau became the leader of the Liberal Party, he and his wife sold their home in the Côte-des-Neiges neighbourhood of Montreal. They began living in a rented home in Ottawa's Rockcliffe Park, the neighbourhood in which Trudeau resided as a child during his father's time as Prime Minister.
|Liberal Party of Canada leadership election, 2013|
|Martha Hall Findlay||1,760||5.7||6,585||6.37|
*Each federal electoral district had 100 points, which were determined by the voters in the district.
|Canadian federal election, 2011: Papineau|
|New Democratic Party||Marcos Radhames Tejada||12,102||28.29||+19.55|
|Bloc Québécois||Vivian Barbot||11,091||25.93||-12.76|
|N/A (Communist League)||Joseph Young||95||0.22|
|Total valid votes||42,772||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||558|
|Source: Official Results, Elections Canada.|
|Canadian federal election, 2008: Papineau|
|Bloc Québécois||Vivian Barbot||16,535||38.69||$70,872|
|New Democratic Party||Costa Zafiropoulos||3,734||8.74||$5,745|
|Independent||Mahmood Raza Baig||267||0.62||$980|
|Total valid votes||42,735||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||576|
|Electors on the lists||70,115|
|Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.|
- "Trudeau’s travels: from snowboarder to Liberal leadership front-runner". The Canadian Press. April 14, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- "Welcome, Justin Trudeau". St. Petersburg Times. December 31, 1971. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- John English (August 28, 2007). Citizen of the World: The Life of Pierre Elliott Trudeau Volume One: 1919–1968. Knopf Canada. pp. 205–. ISBN 978-0-676-97522-2. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- "SINCLAIR, The Hon. James, P.C.". Parliament of Canada. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Elin Woodger; David F. Burg (March 2006). The 1980s. Infobase Publishing. p. 414. ISBN 978-0-8160-5809-9. Retrieved 2011-05-27.
- Campion-Smith, Bruce (July 20, 2009). "Justin on growing up Trudeau". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Bryden, Joan (October 18, 2014). "Justin Trudeau Memoir Paints Frank Picture Of Privileged But Painful Childhood". The Huffington Post. Retrieved October 19, 2014.
- Solway, Diane. "The Son Also Rises". Wmagazine.com. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- : Justin Trudeau's eulogy, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation; "Text of the eulogy given by Justin Trudeau at his father's funeral Tuesday," Canadian Press, October 3, 2000, 14:52; Francine Dube, "Son's eulogy moves thousands to tears: 'It's all up to us': Dignitaries, citizens pay last respects to former PM," National Post, October 4, 2000, A01; Andre Picard and Mark Mickleburgh, "'Je t'aime, papa' THE SON: The very private Justin becomes a very public figure," Globe and Mail, October 4, 2000, A1; Graham Fraser, "Trudeau children lead our farewell --- Justin's eulogy a towering tribute at father's funeral," Toronto Star, October 4, 2000, p. 1.
- Tonda MacCharles, "Spotlight on Justin sparks talk of dynasty --- Trudeau's final resting place," Toronto Star, October 5, 2000, p. 1.
- Willa McLean, "This just in . . .; CBC broadcaster revisits momentous events of past 50 years," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, February 8, 2003, G3.
- Raj, Althia (March 5, 2013). "Contender: The Justin Trudeau Story". Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "Justin Trudeau described by friends as down-to-earth and sensitive," Canadian Press, October 4, 2000, 03:25; Tonda MacCharles, "Son 'most like Pierre' relishes his privacy; While Liberals talk about dynasty, Justin looks forward to returning to teaching job," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, October 5, 2000, A06; Justin Trudeau, "Something I'm passionate about," Globe and Mail, February 3, 2001, A11; Gloria Galloway, "Justin Trudeau delivers motivational speech to Ontario teachers," Canadian Press, April 27, 2001, 14:50; "Students should learn to be brave, Trudeau says," Globe and Mail, April 28, 2001, A9.
- "Justin Trudeau tells education conference he plans return to teaching," Canadian Press, February 28, 2004, 21:16.
- Canada Votes 2011: Ridings: Papineau, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, accessed 2011-07-04.
- "Justin Trudeau pleased to play war hero". Canwest News Service. April 6, 2007. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- Hopper, Tristin (October 5, 2012). "‘There’s so much attention on me’: Fathers’ legacies loom large for children of Canadian prime ministers". National Post. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Newman, Peter C. (September 18, 2012). "Trudeau’s big leap—like father, like son". MacLeans Magazine. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Stetski, Wayne (April 2001). "The Kokanee Glacier Alpine Campaign". Visions BC Parks Newsletter. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Carol Harrington, "Trudeau takes on B.C. --- Son of late PM decries cuts to public avalanche bulletins," Toronto Star, January 12, 2002, A24.
- Kate Jaimet, "Trudeau retains '60s ideals: Lauds Katimavik's promotion of social causes," Calgary Herald, November 3, 2002, A6; Jen Gerson, "Captain Katimavik; Justin Trudeau comes to town to promote youth volunteer program, look cool," Toronto Star, March 21, 2006, C04.
- "CBC Radio picks five books for second round of Canada Reads series," Canadian Press, November 19, 2002, 16:53; "Bookmark your calendar: Canada Book Week turns the page on Canada Book Day," Calgary Herald, April 22, 2003, B13.
- "Peace and Conflict Studies Centre Named for Trudeau". University of Toronto Magazine. 2004. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- "Justin Trudeau to host glitzy Giller prize gala". Kitchener-Waterloo Record. October 27, 2006. p. D12.
- Beltrame, Julian (April 24, 2013). "Justin Trudeau says lofty expectations have always followed him". CTV News. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- Bueckert, Dennis (May 16, 2005). "Justin Trudeau denounces mine near park his father created: Vancouver company wants to build massive mine with access through Nahanni watershed". Vancouver Sun. p. D10.
- Trudeau, Justin. "We hold the Nahanni in trust for the world. Let's protect it". Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- "Dallaire wants to mobilize young Canadians to support Darfur intervention". Canadian PRess. September 13, 2006.
- "Trudeau, Dallaire to lead Darfur rally". Toronto Star. September 17, 2006. p. A06.
- Javed, Noor. "Dallaire says Canada should take leadership role in Darfur". CNews. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- Patricia Poirier, "Trudeau's son offers his support to Turner," Globe and Mail, September 16, 1988, A8.
- Jane Taber, "A teacher of drama, a riveting moment," National Post, October 4, 2000, A03.
- "Chrétien bids adieu to a lifetime in politics". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. November 14, 2003. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- Juliet O'Neill, "Justin Trudeau to spearhead youth renewal of Liberal party: Task force," National Post, April 7, 2006, A1;
- Gordon, Sean (October 27, 2006). "Sounding like his father, Justin Trudeau takes aim at Michael Ignatieff's idea of Quebec as a 'nation'". Toronto Star. p. A01.
- Perreaux, Les (October 27, 2006). "Eldest Trudeau son takes poke at Ignatieff stand, nationalism: 'Unfortunately, some people these days are wrapped up in this idea of nation for Quebec'". Montreal Gazette. p. A12.
- Macpherson, Son (November 2, 2006). "Pass the peanut butter, it looks like Ignatieff is toast: His 'nationhood' proposal has stirred political heavies to line up against him". Montreal Gazette. p. A23.
- Thompson, Elizabeth (November 15, 2006). "Ignatieff lacks 'wisdom' to lead: Justin Trudeau: Says Gerard Kennedy deserves closer look". Montreal Gazette. p. A14.
- Coyne, Andrew (December 2, 2006). "Kennedy's message is bold, but risky". National Post. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
- Robert Benzie, "All the right moves for Kennedy; 'Kingmaker' becomes Dion's heir apparent," Toronto Star, December 3, 2006, A07.
- Corrigan, Ed. "Liberals Elect Stephan Dion". The Canadian. Retrieved 2012-09-29.
- "Quebec Liberal MP Jean Lapierre to resign". CTV News. January 11, 2007. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Sean Gordon; Susan Delacourt (January 10, 2007). "Will Justin Trudeau run for Parliament MP?". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- Taber, Jane (February 23, 2007). "Liberals welcome Trudeau, bid adieu to Graham". Globe and Mail. p. A1.
- Woods, Allan (April 30, 2007). "Trudeau wins nomination". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2013-04-19.
- "Trudeau pledges loyalty to constituents after Papineau win". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 15, 2008. Retrieved 2013-04-18.
- Hebert, Chantal (February 27, 2007). "Trudeau looking lonely on left". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- Jane Taber, "Vancouver to host a Liberal love-in; the knives are to be left at home," Globe and Mail, April 25, 2009, A4; Terry Pedwell, "Liberals won't change strategy, despite polls, say MPs," October 6, 2009, 12:06.
- "MICHAEL IGNATIEFF ANNOUNCES LIBERAL CRITIC TEAM FOR RETURN OF PARLIAMENT," States News Service, September 7, 2010.
- Douglas Quan and Norma Greenway, "Feds target human smugglers in legislation," Windsor Star, October 22, 2010, C1.
- "LIBERALS RALLY FOR IMMEDIATE ACTION IN HAITI," State News Service, January 13, 2010; "Liberal MP wants immigration rules relaxed for Haitians," Canada AM, January 22, 2010.
- "Trudeau won't rule out bid for party leadership," Ottawa Citizen, May 5, 2011, A3; Susan Delacourt, "Is the party over? Canada's 'natural governing party' faces difficult questions after Monday's shellacking," Toronto Star, May 7, 2011, IN1.
- "Trudeau – again?". Hamilton Spectator. July 17, 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Justin Trudeau pumps up St. John's Liberal fundraiser". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 3, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Trudeau to speak at local scholarship fundraiser". Northern Life. April 17, 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Lawrence MacAulay Fundraising Dinner with Justin Trudeau". Liberal Party of Canada. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "By-election fundraiser with Justin Trudeau". Liberal Calgary. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- Robert Hiltz and Michael den Tandt (April 1, 2012). "Justin Trudeau scores major upset in Fight for the Cure boxing match over Conservative Senator Patrick Brazeau". National Post. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
- John Size (April 2, 2012). "Trudeau declines Brazeau boxing rematch as debt paid". CTV News. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
- "Canadians want Trudeau as next Liberal leader". Calgary Herald. October 29, 2008. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Canadians prefer Trudeau: Poll shows young heir is top pick to replace Dion". canada.com. October 28, 2008. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Ignatieff secures Liberal leadership as Rae bows out". The Canadian Press. December 9, 2008. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Liberals field questions about future leaders". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. May 4, 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Trudeau undecided on Liberal leadership bid". IFpress. May 4, 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- Bryden, Joan (June 15, 2012). "Justin Trudeau hit with ‘tsunami’ of calls to run for Liberals since Bob Rae’s withdrawal". National Post. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- Goldstein, Lorrie (June 27, 2012). "We’re Justin love". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "New Democrats Edge Slumping Conservatives in Canada". Angus Reid. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- Cryderman, Kelly (July 8, 2012). "Trudeau on leadership: wait till summer's end". Calgary Herald. Retrieved 2012-07-09.
- "Justin Trudeau to run for Liberal leadership". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. September 26, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- "Justin Trudeau to seek Liberal leadership". Globe and Mail (Toronto). September 26, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-28.
- Radia, Andy (September 26, 2012). "Justin Trudeau to run for Liberal leadership but is he all splash and no substance?". Yahoo News. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- Caplan, Gerald (September 28, 2012). "Is Justin Trudeau really taken seriously by his own party?". Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- Berthiaume, Lee (September 28, 2012). "Justin Trudeau’s good looks expected to cover up other weaknesses". Canada.com. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- Coyne, Andrew (September 28, 2012). "The son is not the father and the future is not buried in the past". National Post. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- Bryden, Joan (September 26, 2012). "Justin Trudeau to announce Liberal leadership run: Reports". Canadian Press. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- Berthiaume, Lee (September 28, 2012). "Trudeau leadership bid stirs talk of Liberal 'coronation'". Postmedia News. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- MacKinnon, Leslie (October 1, 2012). "Trudeau seen by senior Liberals as a risk worth taking". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2012-10-01.
- Vieira, Paul. "The Wall Street Journal – Justin Trudeau Poised to Step into Liberal Race in Canada". The Wall Street Journal (The Wall Street Journal). Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- LeBlanc, Daniel (March 1, 2013). "Inside Justin Trudeau's war room". Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "The other brother: Sacha, the ‘apolitical’ one, joins Justin Trudeau’s campaign team". National Post. October 22, 2012. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- 22 Nov 2012 7:02 PM ET (November 22, 2012). "Sun commentary on Télé-Québec interview". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Ian Bailey (November 23, 2012). "Globe reports on Trudeau apology". Toronto: Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2013-01-02.
- Walton, Dawn (November 27, 2012). "Tories retain Calgary Centre as Liberals, Greens split vote". Globe and Mail (Toronto). Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- McPharland, Kelly (February 14, 2013). "Kelly McParland: Marc Garneau challenges Justin Trudeau to take a stand. Any stand.". National Post. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Visser, Josh (February 25, 2013). "Marc Garneau challenges ‘untested’ Liberal frontrunner Justin Trudeau to one-on-one debate". National Post. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- "Marc Garneau quits Liberal race, backs Trudeau". cbc. March 13, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-13.[dead link]
- Hebert, Chanatal (March 13, 2013). "Marc Garneau’s withdrawal from Liberal leadership race saves himself humiliation: Hébert". The Toronto Star. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- Berthiaume, Lee (March 13, 2013). "‘The game is long’: Liberals still in leadership fight for votes after Marc Garneau bows out". National Post. Retrieved 2013-03-15.
- Lee, Berthiaume (April 14, 2013). "Justin Trudeau elected Liberal leader in landslide victory". National Post. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- "Justin Trudeau elected Liberal leader in a landslide". The Globe and Mail (Toronto). April 15, 2013.
- Jump up ^ http://canadianelectionatlas.blogspot.ca/2013/04/liberal-leadership-race-results-map.html
- "Poll shows Justin Trudeau Liberals far ahead 38". Toronto Sun. April 16, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
- CTV News Network, "Memorial of Nelson Mandela", airdate 10 December 2013 circa 4:30am EST
- thestar.ca: "Parliament: Speaking a language all its own" 7 Feb 2014
- nationalpost.com: "John Ivison: Why Justin Trudeau’s new guiding light could have a dramatic impact on Canadian public policy" 21 Feb 2014
- "Justin Trudeau says anti-abortion candidates can't run as Liberals". National Post. National Post. Canadian Press. May 7, 2014. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
- "Justin Trudeau's abortion policy will "definitely" hurt Liberals, former MP says". CBC. May 20, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- "Cardinal Collins urges Justin Trudeau to reverse pro-choice rule". CBC. May 14, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- "Trudeau defends abortion stance amid sharp Catholic criticism". CBC. May 21, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Graveland, Bill (January 23, 2014). "Justin Trudeau says Canada should ‘draw on best practices’ from marijuana legalization in Colorado, Washington". National Post. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- Fitzpatrick, Meagan (August 29, 2013). "Trudeau says he will defend Quebec's open society". CBC. Retrieved June 11, 2014.
- George, Lianne (May 31, 2005). "When Justin met Sophie". Macleans. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Justin Trudeau weds". CBC News. May 30, 2005. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- Gordon, Sean (October 19, 2007). "Trudeau clan adds baby Xavier to its ranks". Toronto Star. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Justin Trudeau announces birth of third child, Hadrien". Montreal Gazette. February 28, 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-28.
- "That’s Hadrien Trudeau: new baby, new spelling". Toronto Star. March 13, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-15.
- "Justin and Sophie Trudeau Welcome Daughter Ella-Grace". People. February 7, 2009. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- "Justin Trudeau, Sophie Gregoire welcome baby girl". CTV News. February 5, 2009. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- McGregor, Glen (August 10, 2013). "Trudeau rents Ottawa home in Rockcliffe, returning to his childhood stomping grounds". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 2013-09-09.
Find more about
at Wikipedia's sister projects
|Media from Commons|
|News stories from Wikinews|
|Database entry Q3099714 on Wikidata|
- Official website
- Liberal Party of Canada Profile
- Parliament of Canada Profile
- House of Commons Profile