Higham, Kent

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Coordinates: 51°24′54″N 0°27′47″E / 51.415°N 0.463°E / 51.415; 0.463

Higham
Higham is located in Kent
Higham
Higham
 Higham shown within Kent
Population 3,938 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference TQ715715
District Gravesham
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ROCHESTER
Postcode district ME3
Dialling code 01474
01634
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Higham /ˈh.əm/[1] is a large village bordering the Hoo Peninsula, in Kent, between Gravesend and Rochester. The civil parish[2] of Higham is in Gravesham district and as at the 2001 UK Census, had a population of 3,938.

History[edit]

The priory dedicated to St. Mary was built on land granted to Mary, daughter of King Stephen. In 1148, the nuns of St Sulphice-la-Foret, Brittany, moved to Higham. Higham priory was also known as Lillechurch.[3] On 6 July 1227, King Henry III confirmed the royal grant to the abbey of St. Mary and St. Sulpice of Lillechurch.

The original parish church, the Church of St Mary, stands to the north of the present village. Now redundant, it is in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust, and is open to visitors on a daily basis. It contains much medieval woodwork and its pulpit is one of the oldest in Kent, dating from the 14th century.[4]

The Higham Village History Group, founded in 1997, is devoted to assembling the history of the village[5]

Parts of Higham[edit]

Higham has developed as two parts, the original Saxon village of Higham to the north, and a more recent settlement to the south around the main road linking Gravesend to Rochester, which grew in size and importance during the 1800s.

The two parts of Higham are often referred to as Lower Higham (referring to the original village) and Higham (referring to the newer village).

Village facilities[edit]

Services within the village are centred around the two parts of Higham.

Higham (upper) is the larger and is the site of the main parish church of St John's, a Post Office, a GP's surgery, several pubs, convenience shops, a greengrocer, a fish and chip shop, a Chinese takeway, a library and an Indian takeaway.

Higham (lower) is smaller. It is the location of the original and now redundant St Mary's Church, one pub (the other now closed), a garage and Higham Railway Station. Until recently there was a Post Office and shop serving this area of the village.

The village primary school (Higham County Primary), village hall (Higham Memorial Hall), park (Higham Recreation Ground), tennis courts and the Knowle Restaurant are approximately half way between the two parts of the village on School Lane. Until the 1990s the GP surgery serving the village was also based in this area.

Points of interest[edit]

The Larkin Memorial[edit]

The Larkin Memorial is a needle raised in 1835 to the memory of Charles Larkin (1775–1833), an auctioneer from Rochester who promoted the Parliamentary reforms of 1832 that gave the vote to every householder whose property rental value was more than £10. It is at the highest spot at Higham, but stands almost hidden from sight. By 1860 this unusual concrete monument was in danger of collapse, but was repaired in 1869 after local newspaper reports about its condition. It was renovated again in 1974.

Gad's Hill[edit]

Gad's Hill was once notorious as a haunt of robbers. As far back as 1558 there was a ballad entitled The Robbers of Gad's Hill. In William Shakespeare's play Henry IV, Part 1 Falstaff and his cronies organise a highway robbery at Gad's Hill, but Prince Hal and Poins divest them of their ill-gotten gains.

Gad's Hill Place[6] was once the home of Charles Dickens, who bought it in 1856 for £1,790 and died there in 1870. In its garden once stood a Swiss chalet in which Dickens would compose his works.[7] The chalet is now in the gardens of Eastgate House, a Tudor building of great character in Rochester, while the house itself is a private school, originally for girls, but now mixed.

Higham Marshes[edit]

The marshes are an important wetland habitat for many species of wildfowl. There are waymarked walking trails across the marshes.[8]

Communications[edit]

  • Canal: The Thames and Medway Canal now terminates at Higham. Opened 1824, the canal used to connect the Thames at Gravesend to the Medway at Strood. It lost the second half of its route c. 1847 when the railway took over the Higham and Strood canal tunnel, but continued to operate from Gravesend to Higham until 1934.[9] It is now disused but as of 2006 there are plans to restore it for leisure use.

Canal Road which runs beside it is used by National Cycle Route 1 (between Gravesend and Medway).

  • Railways: Higham railway station is located in Higham (lower), near the entrance to the former canal tunnel. It is served by the North Kent Line. This section of the line was closed throughout 2004, to allow the chalk tunnel to be completely relined after a series of roof falls.[10]
  • Roads: The main A226 road between Gravesend and Rochester runs to the south of Higham village.

Other transport issues relating to Higham centre around a proposed new Lower Thames Crossing through Shorne Wood Country Park being reconsidered in 2013 and a new Thames Estuary Airport nearby on the Isle of Grain.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2001 UK census, the parish of Higham had 3,471 residents and 1,580 households.[11]

For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. The age distribution was 5% aged 0–4 years, 13% aged 5–15 years, 8% aged 16–24 years, 24% aged 25–44 years, 31% aged 45–64 years and 19% aged 65 years and over.[11]

Economy[edit]

As at the 2001 UK census, 62.3% of Higham residents aged 16–74 were in employment, 2.2% were unemployed and 34.1% were economically inactive. Unemployment was low compared to the national rate of 3.4%. 21% of residents aged 16–74 had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared to 20% nationally.[11]

See also[edit]

  • One track on the towpath, the other over the canal, by Stephen Rayner, Memories page. Medway News, October 2004
  • A Mosaic History of Higham by Andrew Rootes, 1974

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jones, Daniel (2003) [1917]. Collins, Beverley; Mees, Inger M., eds. An English Pronouncing Dictionary. Daniel Jones: Selected Works. Volume 3. Routledge. p. 183. ISBN 9780415233392. 
  2. ^ Higham Parish Council website
  3. ^ (Medieval Religious Houses, p. 259).
  4. ^ photographs of St Mary's church
  5. ^ Higham Village History Group's website
  6. ^ Gad's Hill Place
  7. ^ [1] Rochester Dickens Fellowship. Accessed 2006-07-31
  8. ^ Higham Parish Council
  9. ^ One leg in the water. Accessed 2006-08-31. Description of Higham and Strood tunnel in 1847.
  10. ^ Commuting cut as tunnels reopened BBC News 2005-01-17. Accessed 2006-07-31.
  11. ^ a b c "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2007-05-06. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Higham, Kent at Wikimedia Commons