Gravesham

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Gravesham
Borough of Gravesham
Borough & Non-metropolitan district
Gravesham shown within Kent
Gravesham shown within Kent
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Non-metropolitan county Kent
Status Non-metropolitan district, Borough
Admin HQ Gravesend
Incorporated 1 April 1974
Government
 • Type Non-metropolitan district council
 • Body Gravesham Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)
 • MPs Adam Holloway
Area
 • Total 38.23 sq mi (99.02 km2)
Area rank 221st (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 101,800
 • Rank 225th (of 326)
 • Density 2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
 • Ethnicity 87.8% White
8.5% S.Asian
1.4% Black
1.3% Mixed Race
1.0% Chinese or Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
ONS code 29UG (ONS)
E07000109 (GSS)
OS grid reference TQ647740
Website www.gravesham.gov.uk

Gravesham (/ˈɡrvʃəm/ GRAYV-shəm) is a local government district with borough status in north-west Kent, England. It borders the borough of Dartford and Sevenoaks District to the west, the borough of Tonbridge and Malling to the south, the Medway unitary authority to the east and, without a physical crossing, the Thurrock unitary authority of Essex to the north, across the River Thames estuary.

Its council[1] is in Gravesend, the largest town which was formerly had the alternative name of Gravesham, and the borough shares similar borders with the Gravesham constituency. It was formed by the merger of parishes listed below and the former urban district of Northfleet On 1 April 1974. It is the successor to the Gravesend Municipal Borough, Northfleet Urban District, and part of Strood Rural District. Gravesham is twinned with Cambrai in Picardy, France.

Name[edit]

Robert H Hiscock, Chairman of the Gravesend Historical Society, in the foreword to his book, 'A History of Gravesend' (Phillimore, 1976) wrote:

"The name Gravesham appears only in the Domesday Book, 1086, and was probably the error of a Norman scribe. It was 'Gravesend' in the Domesday Monarchorum c.1100, and 'Gravesende' in the Textus Roffensis c.1100. It is strange that this "clerical error" should now have been adopted as the name of the new Council".

Housing and architecture[edit]

Cobham Hall is in the borough of Gravesham

Housing varies from mid rise to low rise, particularly in the villages. The district has 12 buildings listed in the highest category of the national grading system, Grade I, and three of these are secular homes, which are:

  • Gadshill Place Higham in Gravesham
  • Luddesdown Court in Luddesdown
  • Nurstead Court in Meopham

An independent girl's school which was originally a large home of the nobility, Cobham Hall is also in the highest architectural category.[2] It has a much larger park that is listed separately in the gardens and parklands category of classification approved by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport and the remain in the park of a Roman Villa.[3][4] The parkland is in the middle category of Grade II*.

Governance[edit]

Gravesham Borough Council is elected every four years, with currently 44 councillors being elected at each election. From the first election in 1973 the council has alternated between Labour and Conservative control. Since 1995 Labour has controlled the council apart from 4 years between the 2007 and 2011 elections. As of the 2011 election the council is composed of the following councillors:-[5]

Party Councillors
  Labour Party 25
  Conservative Party 19

There are eighteen wards represented on the Borough Council:

see also List of civil parishes in Kent

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°24′32″N 0°23′56″E / 51.409°N 0.399°E / 51.409; 0.399