Borough of Gravesham
|Borough & Non-metropolitan district|
Gravesham shown within Kent
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South East England|
|Status||Non-metropolitan district, Borough|
|Incorporated||1 April 1974|
|• Type||Non-metropolitan district council|
|• Body||Gravesham Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Conservative)|
|• MPs||Adam Holloway|
|• Total||38.23 sq mi (99.02 km2)|
|Area rank||221st (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||225th (of 326)|
|• Density||2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)|
|• Ethnicity||87.8% White
1.3% Mixed Race
1.0% Chinese or Other
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||29UG (ONS)
|OS grid reference||TQ647740|
Gravesham (// GRAYV-shəm) is a local government district with borough status in north-west Kent, England. It borders the borough of Dartford and Sevenoaks District to the west, the borough of Tonbridge and Malling to the south, the Medway unitary authority to the east and, without a physical crossing, the Thurrock unitary authority of Essex to the north, across the River Thames estuary.
Its council is in Gravesend, the largest town which was formerly had the alternative name of Gravesham, and the borough shares similar borders with the Gravesham constituency. It was formed by the merger of parishes listed below and the former urban district of Northfleet On 1 April 1974. It is the successor to the Gravesend Municipal Borough, Northfleet Urban District, and part of Strood Rural District. Gravesham is twinned with Cambrai in Picardy, France.
Robert H Hiscock, Chairman of the Gravesend Historical Society, in the foreword to his book, 'A History of Gravesend' (Phillimore, 1976) wrote:
- "The name Gravesham appears only in the Domesday Book, 1086, and was probably the error of a Norman scribe. It was 'Gravesend' in the Domesday Monarchorum c.1100, and 'Gravesende' in the Textus Roffensis c.1100. It is strange that this "clerical error" should now have been adopted as the name of the new Council".
Housing and architecture
Housing varies from mid rise to low rise, particularly in the villages. The district has 12 buildings listed in the highest category of the national grading system, Grade I, and three of these are secular homes, which are:
- Gadshill Place Higham in Gravesham
- Luddesdown Court in Luddesdown
- Nurstead Court in Meopham
An independent girl's school which was originally a large home of the nobility, Cobham Hall is also in the highest architectural category. It has a much larger park that is listed separately in the gardens and parklands category of classification approved by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport and the remain in the park of a Roman Villa. The parkland is in the middle category of Grade II*.
Gravesham Borough Council is elected every four years, with currently 44 councillors being elected at each election. From the first election in 1973 the council has alternated between Labour and Conservative control. Since 1995 Labour has controlled the council apart from 4 years between the 2007 and 2011 elections. As of the 2011 election the council is composed of the following councillors:-
There are eighteen wards represented on the Borough Council:
- Those serving Gravesend town:
- Other urban areas:
- Northfleet (2 wards - North & South)
- Istead Rise
- Painters Ash
- Outlying villages:
see also List of civil parishes in Kent
- Gravesham council website
- Cobham Hall English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1000182)". National Heritage List for England.
- >English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1012964)". National Heritage List for England.
- >English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1000182)". National Heritage List for England.
- "England council elections". BBC News Online. 10 May 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- Nurstead Court