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The Hoju scheme is a family register system in North Korea and formerly in South Korea. Hoju (Hangul: 호주, Hanja: 戶主) means the 'head of the family', Hojuje (호주제, 戶主制) is the 'head of the family' system, and Hojeok (alternate romanization: Hojok; 호적, 戶籍) is the 'family register'. In South Korea, it was formally introduced in 1953.
An important aspect of the hoju system is that children are often given the same name as their father, with the addition of -ju to indicate a filial relationship. (example: Ho -> Hoju)
Opponents of the hoju system believed it to be being innately patriarchal and representing a 'violation of the right to gender equality'. In South Korea, it was opposed by both feminists and by representatives of other religious traditions including Buddhism and Christianity. South Korea abolished hoju on 1 January 2008 after the Constitutional Court found it incompatible with the constitution in 2005.
- Koh, Eunkang. "Gender issues and Confucian scriptures: Is Confucianism incompatible with gender equality in South Korea?". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London 71 (2): 345–362. doi:10.1017/s0041977x08000578.
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